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Measuring digital development: ICT price trends 2020


​Measuring digital development: ICT price trends 2020
presents, analyses and compares the retail price of ICT services for more than 200 economies, providing a unique insight into the state of ICT affordability around the world. The report provides analysis in terms of dollar price, exchange-rate adjusted prices and affordability for mobile-voice, mobile and fixed broadband according to internationally agreed baskets for services, including bundled services. It also provides information on countries' progress towards achieving the Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development's target for 2025, according to which entry-level broadband services should be made affordable in developing countries at a level corresponding to less than 2 per cent of monthly GNI per capita.​ ​

















The report finds that although ICT services continue to become more affordable worldwide, in the least developed countries broadband services remain a luxury, affordable only to the most affluent. Furthermore, even where the 2 per cent target has been met for a country as a whole, entry-level broadband services often remain unaffordable for the less affluent. Data shows that the 40 per cent​ of the population with the lowest income could only afford entry-level mobile broadband services in 10 of the 66 developing countries for which data are available. Finally, data suggests that the maturity of the regulatory environment has a strong bearing on ICT price levels.                          

Policy brief - The affordability of ICT services 2020

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The Policy brief - The affordability of ICT services 2020, jointly launched by ITU and the Alliance for Affordable Internet (A4AI), finds that broadband services continue to become more affordable, but disparities between developed and developing countries remain.

The brief provides information on countries' progres​s towards achieving the Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development's target for 2025, according to which entry-level broadband services should be made affordable in developing countries at a level corresponding to less than 2 per cent of monthly GNI per capita.

The policy brief analysis the prices of five baskets, namely mobile broadband, fixed broadband, mobile data and voice low-usage, mobile data and voice high-usage and mobile cellular low usage.

​​ICT price methodology


The price baskets are defined and revised by the Expert Group on Telecommunication Indicators to adjust for changes in the global market for ICT services. The data presented in the ICT Prices Trends 2019 and 2020 as well as in the Policy brief – The affordability of ICT services 2020 are based on the September 2017 revision, which define the baskets according to the figure below:
























The first data collection using the revised baskets took place in 2018. The rules applied when collecting the data are described in the ICT Price Basket Rules, which are available in the six ITU languages.​ ​

ICT ​Price Basket Rules (from 2018 to 2020)ArabicChineseEnglish, FrenchRussianSpanish (pdf format)    

In the visualisation, data prior to 2018 are for baskets following the old IPB methodology.​
​​The 2021 data collection round will follow the revised methodology agreed by EGTI in 2020.