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SDG

ITU-D Publications

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​This page features all ITU-D Publications that are released since 2021. Find more publications here
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Greening digital companies: Monitoring emissions and climate commitments  

Greening digital companies: Monitoring emissions and climate commitments

The report by the International Telecommunication Union and the World Benchmarking Alliance documents the emissions and energy use of 150 of the world’s leading digital companies. Operational GHG emissions accounted for 239 million tonnes in 2020, equivalent to 0.76 per cent of the world total. The companies consumed 425 TWh of electricity in 2020, accounting for 1.6 per cent of global electricity production.​

Publication Date: June 2022

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Guide for procuring last-mile connectivity data networks  

Guide for procuring last-mile connectivity data networks

Traditionally, the Internet service providers build, deploy and provide data networks and services to end users. However, in some instances, building connectivity networks and providing connectivity services are initiated by other public or private institutions such as banks, electricity companies, educational institutions, communities or governments, to ensure additional coverage, quality of service and/or affordability.

Publication Date: June 2022

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Global Connectivity Report 2022  ​

Global Connectivity Report 2022

In the last 30 years, the number of Internet users surged from a few million to almost five billion. Yet the potential remains untapped because one-third of humanity remains offline, and many users only enjoy basic connectivity. The Global Connectivity Report 2022 provides a detailed assessment of the current state of connectivity and presents solutions to meet this new imperative.

Publication Date: June ​2022

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Aspirational targets for 2030 - Achieving universal and meaningful digital connectivity in the decade of action  

Aspirational targets for 2030 - Achieving universal and meaningful digital connectivity in the decade of action

Achieving universal and meaningful digital connectivity —the possibility for everyone to enjoy a safe, satisfying, enriching, productive and affordable online experience— is key for enabling digital transformation and meeting the Sustainable Development Goals.

Publication Date: April 2022

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Be he@lthy, be mobile: a toolkit on how to implement mMyopia  

Be he@lthy, be mobile: a toolkit on how to implement mMyopia

The “Be He@lthy, Be Mobile” (BHBM) global initiative encourages and enables the use of mobile technology for digital health. It is based on the use of digital targeted client communication messaging to address a range of noncommunicable diseases and health issues. Myopia represents an important public health issue in the 21st century; it also poses a considerable financial burden on countries, with an estimated annual global productivity loss of USD 244 billion.

Publication Date: 2022

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ITU-A4AI Policy Brief  

ITU-A4AI Policy Brief

The Policy brief - The affordability of ICT services 2021, jointly launched by ITU and the Alliance for Affordable Internet (A4AI), finds that prices for fixed and mobile broadband have risen globally amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

Publication Date: March 2022

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The role of government and the public sector in the post COVID-19 digital world 8th ITU Economic Experts Roundtable: Outcome report  

The role of government and the public sector in the post COVID-19 digital world 8th ITU Economic Experts Roundtable: Outcome report

The importance of reliable broadband to people and businesses has been underscored by the COVID-19 pandemic. The faster a country deploys and upgrades ICT networks, the higher the economic impact, and the stronger its economic resilience will be in the face of pandemics. Furthermore, the faster the country will be able to address different aspects of the digital divide.

Publication Date: March 2022​​​​

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Benchmark of fifth-generation collaborative digital regulation  

Benchmark of fifth-generation collaborative digital regulation

The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is advocating a new collaborative approach to ICT regulation. Collaborative regulation or 5th generation regulation (G5) broadly defined is based on the concept of generations of ICT regulation, with successive generations evolving from an initial command and control approach for public monopolies, to one of collaboration across institutions and stakeholders to oversee the development of collaborative regulation for a digital economy.

Publication Date: March 2022

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Digital agriculture in action – Artificial intelligence for agriculture  

Digital agriculture in action – Artificial intelligence for agriculture

New ITU / FAO publication aims to raise awareness about existing AI applications in agriculture and to inspire stakeholders to develop and replicate the new ones.

Publication Date: February 2022​​​​

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World Telecommunication-ICT Indicators Database 2021

The World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators database contains time series data for more than 180 telecommunication/ICT statistics from over 200 economies. Selected demographic, macroeconomic and broadcasting statistics are also included.

Publication Date: February 2022

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Be He@lthy, Be Mobile – A handbook on how to implement mSafeListening  

Be He@lthy, Be Mobile – A handbook on how to implement mSafeListening

The mSafeListening handbook provides evidencebased message libraries for the promotion of safe listening behaviours and prevention of hearing loss. It includes guidance on how to develop, integrate, implement and evaluate a national mSafeListening programme.

Publication Date:  January 2022

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Status of digital agriculture in 47 sub-Saharan Africa countries  

Status of digital agriculture in 47 sub-Saharan Africa countries

The study provides a useful snapshot of the status of digital agriculture in sub-Saharan Africa against six focal themes essential to understanding digital agriculture, namely: infrastructure, digital penetration, policy and regulation, business environment, human capital and agro-innovation. Each country profile aims at capturing the digital agriculture status of the respective 47 countries in sub-Saharan Africa.

Publication Date: January 2022

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Regional E-waste Monitor for Latin America 2022  

Regional E-waste Monitor for Latin America 2022(also available inSpanish)

The report provides an assessment of statistics, legislation, and management infrastructure of e-waste and persistent organic pollutants in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru Uruguay and Venezuela.

Publication Date: January 2022​​​​

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Digital Public Goods Alliance Climate Change Adaption Call for Action and Report  

Digital Public Goods Alliance Climate Change Adaption Call for Action and Report

Within this report, urgent attention is brought to why relevant datasets are needed as digital public goods, the setbacks caused by a lack of data, and tangible steps that can be taken to help improve access to data.

Publication Date: January 2022​​​​

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Regional E-waste Monitor for the CIS + Georgia 2021  

Regional E-waste Monitor for the CIS + Georgia 2021

​The report provides an assessment of statistics, legislation, and management infrastructure of e-waste in 12 countries in the region.

Publication Date: December 2021​

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Digital tools and strategies in COVID-19 infodemic response: Case studies and discussion  

Digital tools and strategies in COVID-19 infodemic response: Case studies and discussion

This report brings to light some of the important aspects of dealing with health misinformation in the digital age. highlighting experiences of selected countries in leveraging ICTs in COVID-19 'infodemic' response, discusses available solutions, and identifies some of the key enablers for effective digital policy implementation.

Publication Date: December 2021​

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Accelerating innovation, entrepreneurship and digital transformation in the Arab States region  

Accelerating innovation, entrepreneurship and digital transformation in the Arab States region

This report aims to showcase the digital transformation in the Arab States region as further accelerated by entrepreneurship-driven innovative practices.

Publication Date: December 2021​

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Regional E-waste Monitor for the Arab States 2021  

Regional E-waste Monitor for the Arab States 2021

First ever regional e-waste monitor for the Arab States aims to enhance the understanding and interpretation of regional e-waste data, with the goal of facilitating environmentally sound management of e-waste.

Publication Date: December 2021​

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Operational framework and guidelines for the planning and execution of ITU regional cyberdrills  

Operational framework and guidelines for the planning and execution of ITU regional cyberdrills

ITU CyberDrills is an annual event during which cyber-attacks, or other types of disruptions are simulated in order to test an organization’s cyber capabilities, at the regional and global levels.

Publication Date: December 2021​

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ITU cybersecurity programme: CIRT framework  

ITU cybersecurity programme: CIRT framework

The ITU CIRT Framework describes the method ITU uses to establish national CIRT structures that identify, manage, and respond to cyber threats, as well as outline cooperation mechanisms at the regional and international levels.

Publication Date: December 2021​

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Regional good practices: Accelerating innovation, entrepreneurship and digital transformation – Africa region  

Regional good practices: Accelerating innovation, entrepreneurship and digital transformation – Africa region

Digital transformation and systems innovation in the Africa region have made great strides in the past years as a result of the work of innovative entrepreneurs, progressive government initiatives on the country and pan-African level, and collaborative ecosystem builders all over the continent.

Publication Date: November 2021

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Regional good practices: Accelerating innovation, entrepreneurship and digital transformation in the Americas region  

Regional good practices: Accelerating innovation, entrepreneurship and digital transformation in the Americas region

This report provides an overview of the comparative innovation capacity of the Americas region through ICT-centric innovation policy monitors and insights on how good practice can strengthen capacity to integrate ICT innovation into national development agendas.

Publication Date: November 2021​

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Measuring digital development: Facts and figures 2021  

Measuring digital development: Facts and figures 2021

The Facts and figures series sheds light on the multiple facets and evolving nature of the digital divide and takes stock of progress towards closing it. It serves as a powerful advocacy tool in efforts to put digital development at the top of the agendas of policy-makers and of the development community.

Publication Date: November 2021​

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Digital Skills Insights 2021  

Digital Skills Insights 2021

The 2021 issue of the Digital Skills Insights publication discusses the importance of digital skills in a post-COVID-19 world and anticipates the future role of digital skills in a digital ecosystem which is evolving in response to the effects of the pandemic.

Publication Date: November 2021​

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Accelerating innovation, entrepreneurship and digital transformation in the Asia-Pacific region  

Regional good practices: Accelerating innovation, entrepreneurship and digital transformation in the Asia-Pacific region

This report utilizes the ITU ICT-centric innovation ecosystems approach to highlight good practices that can be adopted throughout the region to close the digital innovation divide.

Publication Date: October 2021​

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Digital solutions for a circular electronics value chain  

Digital solutions for a circular electronics value chain

The current linear economy model is highly unsustainable and vulnerable to economic shocks from the disruption of resources, as seen in the COVID-19 pandemic. For stability and sustainability, a systemic transformation towards a circular electronics value chain is vital. In this shift towards circularity, digital technologies can support transparency, efficiency, ease and accountability in existing economic systems.

Publication Date: October 2021​

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5G implementation in non-European Union countries of the Europe region 

5G implementation in non-European Union countries of the Europe region

This report offers an in-depth dive in 18 non-European Union countries of the Europe region, and also provides the aggregate perspective across these countries. 5G implementation must be approached proactively and based on a solid understanding of the market, regulatory, and policy conditions at the country level.

Publication Date: October 2021​

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Connect2Recover: A methodology for identifying connectivity gaps and strengthening resilience in the new normal 

Connect2Recover: A methodology for identifying connectivity gaps and strengthening resilience in the new normal

The Connect2Recover initiative supports countries in their efforts to identify gaps and bottlenecks for the use of broadband networks and digital technologies to respond to and mitigate the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic. This includes post-pandemic recovery, readiness for the “new normal”, and preparedness for any future pandemics.

Publication Date: October 2021​

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Creating smart cities and society 

Creating smart cities and society: Employing ICTs for sustainable social and economic development

Today, more than half of the world's population lives in urban areas. By 2050, two-thirds of the world's population will reside in densely packed megacities, according to data from the United Nations. As the global population continues to grow, cities will need to adapt to support the unique needs of their citizens. ICTs will play a key role to fulfill this purpose.

Publication Date: October 2021​

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Telecommunications/information and communication technologies for e-health 

Telecommunications/information and communication technologies for e-health

E-health is in the spotlight; the ongoing coronavirus pandemic has demonstrated the importance of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and new technologies such as artificial intelligence, blockchain and next-generation wireless communications, in providing urgent health information to urban, rural, remote and unconnected parts of the globe.

Publication Date: October 2021​

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Securing information and communication networks 

Securing information and communication networks: Best practices for developing a culture of cybersecurity

In today’s digitalized world, where the daily lives of citizens and economies have both become increasingly dependent on digital technologies, there is an increased risk of greater vulnerability and exposure to cyberattacks. For this reason, cybersecurity is critical for secure and safe progress that enables societies to grow.

Publication Date: October 2021​

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ICT equipment and theft of mobile devices 

Assistance to developing countries for implementing conformance and interoperability programmes and combating counterfeit ICT equipment and theft of mobile devices

As we become more reliant on information and communication technologies (ICTs), global coordination and compliance with standards are needed to facilitate interoperability and compatibility between networks and devices.

Publication Date: October 2021​

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Utilizing telecommunications and ICTs for disaster risk reduction and management 

Utilizing telecommunications and ICTs for disaster risk reduction and management

Disasters, whether arising from natural hazards or man-made, can have an incredibly adverse impact on societies and economic growth. Being prepared for disasters and managing disaster risk is crucial for saving lives and protecting the economy.

Publication Date: October 2021​

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Information and communication technologies and the environment 

Information and communication technologies and the environment

Electronic waste (e-waste) is a growing problem: according to the Global E-waste Monitor 2020, around 53.6 million metric tonnes of e-waste were generated worldwide in 2019, up 21 per cent in five years. Climate change is also one of the most serious challenges faced by the global community, manifested through various natural hazards, such as flooding and hurricanes, across the globe.

Publication Date: October 2021​

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human exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields 

Policies, guidelines, regulations and assessments of human exposure to radio-frequency electromagnetic fields

With a growing number of cellular stations, wireless technologies and devices, concerns about health effects associated with radio-frequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) create a challenge for regulators, service providers and wireless equipment suppliers. Accurate evaluation of RF-EMF levels has therefore received increased attention...

Publication Date: October 2021​

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Financing universal access to digital technologies and services 

Financing universal access to digital technologies and services

Today’s fundamental funding challenge is to make rural and low-income areas and marginalized populations "worth" the investment risk for the private sector and co-investors, as the economic cost of exclusion is higher than the cost of closing the digital divide.

Publication Date: September 2021​

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Giga: Empowering communities in Asia and the Pacific through school connectivity 

Connectivity in the Least Developed Countries: Status report 2021

This report assesses the level of digital connectivity in the 46 UN-designated Least Developed Countries (LDCs). It provides practical solutions to improve digital access, as well as concrete policy recommendations to help accelerate progress towards universal and meaningful connectivity.

Publication Date: September 2021​

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Giga: Empowering communities in Asia and the Pacific through school connectivity 

Giga: Empowering communities in Asia and the Pacific through school connectivity

The GIGA project addresses the underlying inequities in access to the Internet in schools. This new study examines the feasibility of countries in the Asia and the Pacific region participating successfully in the Giga initiative and realizing their potential by exploring implementation through the four pillars of Giga (Map, Finance, Connect, and Empower).

Publication Date: August 2021​

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Access to telecommunication/ICT services by persons with disabilities and other persons with specific needs 

Access to telecommunication/ICT services by persons with disabilities and other persons with specific needs

Achieving the global commitment “that no one will be left behind”, as set out by the UN Sustainable Development Goals, will be possible only if ICTs are available, accessible and affordable to all and, in particular, to the disadvantaged groups of society...

Publication Date: July 2021​

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Regional good practices - Accelerating innovation, entrepreneurship and digital transformation  in Europe 

Regional good practices: Accelerating innovation, entrepreneurship and digital transformation in Europe

Innovation is at the core of sustainable development and inclusive digital transformation. Digital innovation helps create jobs, improve services, strengthen economic growth, and foster a knowledge-sharing society.

Publication Date: July 2021​

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Economic policies and methods of determining the costs of services 

Economic policies and methods of determining the costs of services related to national telecommunication/ICT networks

We are a step closer to affordable connectivity through the timely application of adequate national telecommunication/ICT economic policies and regulations based on cost models.

Publication Date: July 2021​

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Strategies and policies for the deployment of broadband in developing countries 

Strategies and policies for the deployment of broadband in developing countries

Broadband technologies are fundamentally transforming the way we live. Broadband infrastructure, applications and services offer important opportunities for boosting economic growth, enhancing communications, improving energy efficiency, safeguarding the planet and improving people’s lives. Broadband access has had a significant impact on the world economy. Rapid evolution and new business opportunities are driving rapid but uneven growth in digital technologies

Publication Date: July 2021​

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Strategies, policies, regulations and methods of migration and adoption of digital broadcasting 

Strategies, policies, regulations and methods of migration and adoption of digital broadcasting

The migration from analogue to digital broadcasting technologies has been completed in some countries, while others are in the process of completing the transition. The transition results in a variety of strategies, plans and implementation actions that achieve a successful process to maximize the benefits.

Publication Date: July 2021​

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Emerging technologies, including Cloud Computing, m-services and OTTs 

Emerging technologies, including Cloud Computing, m-services and OTTs: Challenges and opportunities, economic and policy impact for developing countries

The world has entered an era of accelerated technology innovation, driven by massive research and development investments and exponential progress in many technologies, especially digital. The growing set of technologies emerging every day is staggering. Digital

Publication Date: July 2021​

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Telecommunications/ICTs for rural and remote area 

Telecommunications/ICTs for rural and remote area

Access to communication services is a prerequisite for the inclusion of rural people in modern society and improving the quality of their lives. But current business models need to be appropriately modified for them to be effective in connecting rural and remote areas.

Publication Date: July 2021​

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Consumer information, protection and rights: Laws, regulation, economic bases, consumer networks 

Consumer information, protection and rights: Laws, regulation, economic bases, consumer networks

Drastic changes in the telecommunication/ICT sector as a result of digitalization and technological improvements have resulted in the necessity to review traditional consumer rights regulations based on basic ICT services and suppliers.

Publication Date: July 2021​

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Guidelines on Cost Modelling 

Guidelines on Cost Modelling

The Guidelines on Cost Modelling are intended to complement the ITU Regulatory Accounting Guide which was published in March 2009, taking into account the extensive changes which have occurred in the digital environment over time, the experience gained in the field of cost modelling for regulatory purposes since 2009 and the latest trends followed by National Regulatory Authorities (NRAs) across the world.

Publication Date: July 2021​

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Digital competition policy and regulation in the Africa and Arab States regions  

Digital competition policy and regulation in the Africa and Arab States regions

This publication reviews the major competition policy and regulatory challenges that affect the development of a vibrant digital apps environment enabled by digital platforms. It addresses fundamental questions on how regulatory practices need to change in the context of evolving technologies, and on the rise of digital platforms and their socioeconomic impact on the countries in these regions.

Publication Date: June 2021

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Global Cybersecurity Index 2020

This latest iteration of the Global Cybersecurity Index will help promote further action towards secure digital ecosystems needed for recovery and growth. We hope it will also help address the growing cybercapacity gap between developed and developing countries by fostering knowledge, upskilling, and building competencies.

Publication Date: June 2021​

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ICT Price Trends 2020

This annual publication presents, analyses and compares the prices of ICT services for more than 200 economies, providing unique and invaluable insight into the state of ICT affordability around the world.

Publication Date: June 2021​

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The Economic impact of broadband and digitization throughout COVID-19 - Econometric modelling

This research outlines the most noticeable trends identified in 2020 and their policy implications. Download your free copy now!

Publication Date: June 2021​

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Ageing in a digital world – from vulnerable to valuable

By 2050, the number of people aged 65 years or older is projected to reach 1.5 billion. "Ageing in a digital world - from vulnerable to valuable" is the first- ever report to be produced by ITU to raise awareness in the ICT sector on the importance of being prepared to respond to the needs and requirements of ageing populations.​

Publication Date: May 2021​

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The telecommunication industry in the post-COVID-19 world - Report of the 7th ITU Economic Experts Roundtable

The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated difficult economic conditions driving the digital divide, as economic contraction, slower growth and rising unemployment have resulted in significant economic challenges across digital service users.

Publication Date: May 2021

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Pandemic in the Internet age: From second wave to new normal, recovery, adaptation and resilience

The world has now passed an unfortunate anniversary – more than 12 months have elapsed since the onset of the global COVID-19 pandemic. Globally, the ICT industry has proved to be essential in reducing the negative impacts this crisis, considering that an enormous range of social and economic activities have shifted from face-to-face to online in a remarkably short period of time.

Publication Date: May 2021

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Emerging technology trends: Artificial intelligence and big data for development 4.0

This report has been designed to help overcome these barriers and embrace the huge development opportunities offered by AI and big data deployment.

Publication Date: May 2021

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Digital trends in the Americas region 2021

This report provides an overview of trends and developments in ICT infrastructure, access and uses in the Americas region, which includes 35 Member States and is home to a population of 1 billion people​​.

Publication Date: April 2021

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Digital trends in the Commonwealth of Independent Staes region 2021

This report provides an overview of trends and developments in information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure, access and use in the CIS region.

Publication Date: April 2021

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Policy practices for e-waste management

Effective policy and regulation results in an effective e-waste management system. To help this process, the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and the World Economic Forum with financial support from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Denmark, Danida, have prepared a toolkit: Policy Practices for E-waste Management.

Publication Date: April 2021

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Digital trends in the Arab States region 2021

This report provides an overview of trends and developments in information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructure, access and use in the ITU Arab States region, which includes 21 Member States plus the State of Palestine under Resolution 99 (Rev. Dubai, 2018), and is home to a population of 423 million people.

Publication Date: April 2021

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Digital trends in Africa 2021

This report provides an overview of trends and developments in ICT infrastructure, access and use in Africa, which includes 44 Member States and is home to a population of 1.04 billion people.

Publication Date: March 2021

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"Towards building inclusive digital communities": ITU toolkit and self-assessment for ICT accessibility implementation

Been developed to help ITU members and other stakeholders understand the “what, why and how” of ICT accessibility.

Publication Date: March 2021

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Digital trends in Asia and the Pacific 2021

This publication takes a look at digital and regulatory trends and highlights opportunities and challenges in the current digital transformation landscape of the Asia-Pacific region.

Publication Date: March 2021

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Unsolicited Commercial Communications - an overview of challenges and strategies

This paper was produced by the ITU-D Study Group thataddresses consumer protection within the context of the rapid evolution of technologies and the appearance in the market of ever more sophisticated technologies, equipment and new business models that benefit consumers.

Publication Date: February 2021

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Digital trends in Europe 2021

This reports analyses trends, progress and challenges of digital transformation in the Europe region, which is home to 46 ITU State members and a population of 686 million people.

Publication Date: February 2021

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The impact of policies, regulation, and institutions on ICT sector performance

What is the impact of government policies and regulation on the performance of the ICT sector, as measured by capital investment, network deployment, service pricing, consumer demand, and ultimately impact on the economy? Is competition enough of an incentive to drive an improvement of sector performance? How long does it take for changes in regulation and policies to affect sector performance?

Publication Date: February 2021

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Be He@lthy, Be Mobile − A handbook on how to implement mDiabetes

This guide was put together by an international group of experts who propose the use of mHealth at a population level as an effective way to achieve behaviour change, especially in lower- and middle-income countries where mobile phone use is growing exponentially and transmission is inexpensive.

Publication Date: February 2021

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Be He@thy, Be Mobile - A handbook on how to implement mTobaccoCessation

Need assistance in putting together a detailed work plan for the development and deployment of a national level mCessation program? Look no further. This handbook outlines the considerations and decisions to be made in planning for a national level mTobaccoCessation programme and provides guidance on some of the technical aspects of implementation.

Publication Date: February 2021

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Digital Regulation Handbook​

The 2020 Digital Regulation Handbook, originally published as the Telecommunication Regulation Handbook, and now updated to mark the 20th anniversary of the publication and provides more detailed guidance and case studies of best practice in regulation of the digital economy. The Digital Regulation Platform provides an update and revised version of the ICT Regulation Toolkit.

Publication Date: August 2020

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