Telecommunication Development Sector mission
The mission of
the Telecommunication Development Sector, as set out in the Constitution and the
Convention, encompasses the Unionís dual responsibility as a United Nations
specialized agency and executing agency for implementing projects under the
United Nations development system or other funding arrangements, so as to
facilitate and enhance telecommunication development by offering, organizing and
coordinating technical cooperation and assistance activities.
The work of ITU-D will reflect the various resolutions
of the world telecommunication development conference. It will place emphasis on
gender balance in its programmes and will reflect the needs of other aspects of
global society such as youth and the needs of indigenous peoples. Emergency
telecommunications is another area where renewed efforts are required.
Collaboration with the private sector should be more clearly defined and
expanded so as to reflect the changing roles of public and private entities in
the telecommunication sector. The "Year 2000" problem should be
ITU-D should also use the mechanisms for advancing
Sector goals included in Opinion B of the World Telecommunication Policy
Forum (Geneva, 1998) and the opportunities provided by the ITU programme funded
by the surplus funds from TELECOM exhibitions.
In fulfilling its mission, ITU-D will cover the five
major areas of telecommunication development: telecommunication sector
reform, technologies, management, finance and human resources. It
is supported by the four main modes of action by which the Sector carries out
its work: direct assistance (including project execution), resource
development and mobilization, partnerships and information sharing,
which are reflected in the organizational structure of BDT.
The Telecommunication Development Sector
telecommunication development environment is characterized by the following
||The restructuring and liberalization of the
telecommunication sector at the national and international level,
and the three agreements on basic telecommunications services,
financial services and information technology products concluded
through the World Trade Organization, have increasing consequences
for the provision of international and national telecommunication
services. Competition is rapidly becoming the rule rather than the
||The above factors are straining the accounting rate
system beyond its limits, calling for a rapid revision of accounting
rates and causing major changes in traditional income flows which
are of critical importance to certain countries.
||While the development gap has narrowed slightly in terms
of access to basic telephone services, it is widening at a fast rate
for advanced telecommunication services and access to information.
||However, the emergence of a global information society
is creating new opportunities to close the gap. Political, technical
and cultural factors are combining to promote these opportunities.
||The rapid development of telecommunications in some
countries is associated with general economic growth, particularly
where some form of restructuring, liberalization and competition is
introduced; however, other countries witness modest and uneven
||Many different players, including non-governmental
organizations (NGOs), are invited to play a more important role.
||Business practices, including development activities,
are being revolutionized by information and communication
technologies. This can be expected to have a significant impact on
telecommunication development activities such as planning and
||Technology-based convergence of telecommunications,
informatics and mass media offers new opportunities for cooperation
between the formerly different parts of the telecommunication
||Due to increased emphasis on policy and regulatory
frameworks that create open markets and encourage private
investment, both domestic and foreign, development programmes rely
less on technical assistance and more on partnerships and trade
agreements. Private capital flows in several countries now exceed
official development aid resources, but in others concessional
finance is required to meet development needs.
||Limited funds available to ITU, as compared with
developing country needs, require ITU to play a catalytic
development role. This envisioned catalytic role of ITU is developed