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SDG

Latest reports and publications

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Environment, energy efficiency and Climate change 

 

​ITU Smart Sustainable 
Cities
 
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(available in English)

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This brochure contains insight into how ITU standardization work and supporting collaboration initiatives are enabling shared progress towards smart sustainable cities and communities​.
​2021
​UNEP DTU-ITU Policy Brief on ​​​Innovative Data-Centre Cooling Technologies in China - Liquid Cooling Solution

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This briefing paper shares insight into China’s experience with the application of liquid-cooling technology to improve datacentres’ energy efficiency and environmental sustainability.
​2021
​​Radiocommunications and climate change 2020 edition

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Climate change and growing exploitation of the Earth’s natural resources is leading to a range of environmental problems that require international action. If humanity is going to respond effectively, many of the solutions will be informed by global monitoring of the environment, including the use of space assets. Satellite data is today an indispensable input for weather prediction models and forecast systems used to produce safety warnings and other information in support of public and private decision-making.​

​2020
Frontier technologies to protect the environment and tackle climate change
(available in English)

 

Frontier technologies to protect the environment and tackle climate change, the latest report – developed by ITU together with UNECE; UNESCO; UN Environment; UNFCCC; United Nations Global Compact; UNIDO; UN-Habitat; and UN-Women – begins by exploring what is changing on our planet, why these changes are taking place, and who is most at risk as a result. It shows that catastrophic global climate change is already clearly underway and that urgent action is needed to help monitor, mitigate and adapt to its effects. Frontier technologies – new, innovative and disruptive technologies – offer tremendous potential for tackling climate​​​ change and meeting the goals of United Nations sustainable development goal (SDG) 13 (Climate Action). 

The report spotlights eight key emerging technologies, each with the potential to be instrumental in tackling climate change: artificial intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT), 5G, clean energy technology, digital twin, robotics, Space 2.0 technologies, as well as digitalization and Big Data.
​2020
Executive Summary: Frontier technologies to protect the environment and tackle climate change
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This document contains the executive summary of the report on "Frontier technologies to protect the environment and tackle climate change".
​2020
Guidance for ICT companies setting science based targets​

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​This guidance supports information and communication technology (ICTs) companies in setting science based targets for greenhouse gases (GHGs) according to a set of new decarbonisation pathways, described in detail in Recommendation ITU-T L.1470 "GHG emissions trajectories for the ICT sector compatible with the UNFCCC Paris Agreement" and aligned to the IPCC Special Report on 1.5°C and developed to be used as a sectoral target-setting approach by the Science Based Targets Initiative (SBTi).
​2020
Year in Review and Upcoming 
Act​ivities​ 2019-2020 Brochure​


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​This brochure contains a recap of ITU-T key activities in 2019, and details of what to look out for next.
​2020
ITU News Magazine: Monitoring our changing planet
Critical spectrum for Earth observation from space
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​The ITUNews Magazine no.1, 2019: Monitoring our changing planet
Critical spectrum for Earth observation from space contains information on space science, benefits of earth observation from space, how to deal with harmful interference and etc.
​2019
Turning Digital Technology Innovation Into Climate Action

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The report on “Turning Digital Technology Innovation Into Climate Action" takes a comprehensive approach to highlight the urgency and severity of climate change, along with the role that information and communication technologies (ICTs) play in both addressing and contributing to the issues of greenhouse gas emissions, the carbon footprint, e-waste and the other social and societal impacts of climate change.  The report calls for the responsible use and uptake of ICTs, as well as the use of global ICT standards and best practices, the mainstreaming of eco-design principles and environmentally efficient applications of frontier technologies to help accelerate the response to climate change.
​2019
​Use of Radio Spectrum for Meteorology: Weather, Water and Climate Monitoring and Prediction ​
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(available in all ITU official languagues)

Timely warning of natural and environmental disasters and accurate climate prediction, in addition to understanding, conservation and efficient management of scarce resources such as biomass, biosphere, mineral resources, water and energy are essential requirements for sustainable economic development. Information about climate, climate change, weather, cryosphere, precipitation, pollution and disasters is a critically important everyday issue for the global community. Radio systems are fundamental to monitoring the climate and to helping countries mitigate and adapt to the effects of climate change, and to address its major challenges. This Handbook provides an overview of the use of radiocommunication systems to monitor the various manifestations of climate change and their impact, as well as the application of ICTs and radiocommunication as a means to reduce global energy consumption.
​2017
Final report of Question 6/2 ICTs and cli​mate change for the study period 2014 - 2017​
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(available in all ITU official languagues)

This report looks at methods and the use of state-of-the-art Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for climate change monitoring, mitigation and adaptation. Country experiences on monitoring and mitigating climate change are also provided.
​2017
Final report of Question 24/2 ICTs and climate change for the study period ​2010 - 2014

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This report analyzes methods and the use of  ICT for climate change monitoring, mitigation and adaptation.
​2014
Resilient pathways: the adaptation of the ICT sector to climate changeDownload
report

(available in English)
​The main objective of this report is to explore the impacts of climate change on the ICT sector and the potential for adaptation, while emphasizing the need for resilient pathways of action, enabling environments and new standards to foster the sector’s approach to adaptation.​​​​​
​2014
Partnering for solutions: ICTs in Smart Water Management
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Partnering_for_Solutions.jpg ​Though economic growth, climate change and rising populations highly influence the availability of global water resources, strategic incorporation of ICTs in SWM can mitigate some of these challenges. Such achievements, however, are unattainable without proper stakeholder involvement and buy-in. The principal intention of this report is to go further and emphasize how ICTs can overcome some of the challenges faced in the water sector when there is proper stakeholder involvement.2014
The case of Korea: the quantification of GHG reduction effects achieved by ICTs​​Download report
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​The purpose of this report is to demonstrate the potential GHG reductions by ICT services, estimate the reduced volume of GHG, and identify major ICT GHG reduction enablers in Korea. This report follows the methodology described in ITU-T Recommendation L.1410 and comprises a review of more than 30 ICT services through a literature study and global benchmarking.
2013
ITU-R Radiocommunication: Climate Change
(available in English)

This report provides an overview of the use of radiocommunication systems to monitor the various manifestations of climate change and their impact as well as the application of ICTs and radiocommunications as a solution to contribute to a global reduction in energy consumption.
​2012
Toolkit on Environmental Sustainability for the ICT Sector

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The Toolkit on Environmental Sustainability for the ICT sector is an ITU-T initiative which provides plenty of detailed support on how ICT companies can build sustainability into the operations and management of their organizations, through the practical application of international standards and guidelines.
2012
Sustainable ICT in Corporate Organizations

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This document focuses on the main sustainability issues companies face in using ICT products and services in their own organizations across four main ICT areas: data centers, desktop infrastructure, telecommunications networks and broadcasting services.
2012
Sustainable Products


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This document provides technical guidance on environmentally conscious design principles and best practices, covering development and manufacture, through to end-of-life treatment.
2012
Sustainable Buildings​​
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This document provides technical guidance on environmentally conscious design, maintenance, repair and operating principles and best practices from construction through to lifetime use and de-commissioning.
​2012
General Specifications and KPIs
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This document focuses on matching environmental KPIs to an organization’s specific business strategy targets, as well as the construction of standardized process to make sure the KPI data is as useful as possible to management.
​2012
Assessment Framework for Environmental Impacts of the ICT Sector

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This document explores how the various standards and guidelines can be mapped so that an organization can create a sustainability framework that is relevant to its own business objectives and desired sustainability performance.
2012
Review of Mobile Handset Eco-Rating Schemes

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This report provides with an overview of eco-rating schemes developed by the mobile handset industry to communicate the sustainability performance of their products to consumers.
2012
Guidance on Green ICT Procurement

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This Guidance provides directions to ICT companies to promote effective procurement practices with suppliers and customers, and to implement consideration for greater awareness of environmental issues in their business transactions.
2012
Boosting Energy Efficiency through Smart Grids
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This report discusses the role of ICT in the smart grid with a view of energy efficiency, with the ultimate goal of hindering climate changes.
​2012
Climate Change Adaptation, Mitigation and Information & Communications Technologies (ICTs): the Case of Ghana Download report
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This report focuses on exploring an increasingly important question: “How can developing countries effectively integrate ICT tools within climate change adaptation and mitigation strategies?”

The contribution of this report is two-fold. It presents the potential of ICTs towards adaptation and mitigation through the concrete case of Ghana, illustrating the challenges and opportunities face​d by developing countries in this field.
2012
Using submarine cables for climate monitoring and disaster warning: Opportunities and legal challenges Download report
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Recognizing the newness of such uses of undersea telecommunications cables and the complexity of national and international legal-regulatory regimes, this report examines opportunities and legal challenges arising from dual-purpose telecom-marine data cables for ocean and climate monitoring and disaster warning.2012
Using submarine cables for climate monitoring and disaster warning: Strategy and roadmap Download report
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This report presents a strategy and roadmap to move forward this vision of incorporating sensors into submarine cables. Nowadays, submarine telecommunication cables that traverse oceans transmit the global Internet, but are deaf, dumb and blind to their ocean environment around them. A future is envisioned when telecommunication companies integrate ocean-observing sensors within their submarine cable systems. This new sensory data would crucially advance our knowledge in monitoring global climate change and tsunamis in the deep ocean.2012
Using submarine cables for climate monitoring and disaster warning: Engineering Feasibility Study Download report
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This report investigates technical feasibility of modifying repeaters to support science instruments for incorporation into commercial telecom cables systems. Allowing and improving long term measurement and data collection, a “Green Repeater" equipped with science instruments will indeed contribute to the effort of better understanding the oceans and the changing climate.2012
 

​​​​​​e-waste 


Implementation of
ITU-T Standards on sustainable management of waste electrical and electronic equipment: The path to a Circular Economy in Costa Rica​

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(available in Spanish)

​The case study "Implementation of ITU-T Standards on sustainable management of waste electrical and electronic equipment: Towards a Circular Economy in Costa Rica​", details Costa Rica's experience in the implementation of Recommendations ITU-T L.1031 "Guideline for achieving the e-waste targets of the Connect 2030 Agenda" and ITU-T L.1032 "Guidelines and certification schemes for e-waste recyclers".
​2021
Global E-waste Monitor 2020

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The third edition of the Global E-waste Monitor 2020 launched in July 2020 by the Global E-waste Statistics Partnership, provides comprehensive insight to address the global e-waste challenge.
 
The Global E-waste Monitor is a collaborative effort between the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the Sustainable Cycles (SCYCLE) Programme currently co-hosted by the United Nations University (UNU) and the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR), and the International Solid Waste Association (ISWA).

​2020
​Successful Electronic Waste Management Initiatives

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This report identifies successful electronic waste management projects in all regions. This report will guide Member States in handling electronic waste management challenges through initiatives related to capacity building on environmentally sound management of e-waste and the establishment of electronic waste management centers in different regions.
​2018
Handbook for the development of a policy framework on ICT/e-waste
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This Handbook provides guidance on the key aspects to be taken into account when designing, implementing and improving a legal, regulatory and policy framework on ICT/e-waste. The proposed framework is intended to facilitate the management of ICT/e-waste based on the concepts of sustainable development, green ICT and the circular economy.
​2018
​Developing an e-waste national policy and regulatory framework for Mala​wi
(available in English)



This report presents the development of a national policy and regulatory framework, including a strategy and action plan for electrical and electronic waste (e-waste) management in Malawi. It provides an overview of the current e-waste treatment and a forecast of e-waste volumes and values related to specific electronic devices: mobile phones, computers and television (TV) sets; it identifies activities and responsibilities for each stakeholder from, both private and public sector, as well a financing model of the e-waste management system to be established in the country.
​2018
Second Edition: E-waste Statistics - Guidelines on Classification, Reporting and Indi​cators
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This publication provides a universally relevant e-waste measurement framework and a classification of e-waste. The guidelines facilitate the implementation of harmonized concepts to measure the size of a country’s e-waste market, its transboundary e-waste movement and the e-waste recycling performance within that country. This publication has been published under the Partnership Measuring ICT for Development and is therefore also endorsed by ITU, ESCAP, ESCWA, OECD, UNCTAD, UNECA, Eurostat and UNEP/SBC.
​2018
Global E-waste Monitor 2017
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The Global E-waste Monitor 2017, a joint effort of the ITU, the United Nations University (UNU) and the International Solid Waste Association (ISWA),  provides the most comprehensive overview of global e-waste statistics and an unprecedented level of detail, including an overview of the magnitude of the e-waste problem in different regions. The report includes up-to-date information on the amounts of e-waste generated and recycled, makes predictions until 2021, and provides information on the progress made in terms of e-waste legislation.
​2017
Final report of Question 8/2 Strategies and policies for the proper disposal or reuse of telecommunication/ICT waste material for the study period 2014 - 2017
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This report outlines the minimum standards for processing Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) and considers the responsibilities of different stakeholders, including, producers, consumers, managers and intermediaries, involved in the process.
​2017
​​​​Sustainable Management of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment in Latin America
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Cover report on E-waste Latam-2.jpg
​This report provides an overview of e-waste management in Latin America. It also suggests 10 key steps and provides some guidance to countries how to handle e-waste.
2016
Final report of Question 24/1 Strategies and policies for the proper disposal or reuse of telecommu​nications/ICT waste material for the study period ​2010 - 2014

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​This report provides strategies and policies for the proper disposal or reuse of telecommunications/ICT waste material​.
2014
End of Life Management for ICT Equipment
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This document covers the various End-of-Life (EOL) stages, and their accompanying legislation. It also provides support in creating a framework for environmentally-sound management of EOL ICT equipment.
2012
Greening ICT Supply Chains – Survey on Conflict Minerals Due Diligence Initiatives
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​This survey details and assesses the existing conflict minerals supply chain due diligence initiatives (incorporating national and international legislation, as well as industry-, government- and multi-stakeholder led schemes) that address the management of the broader spectrum of sustainability issues present in conflict minerals supply chains, with a particular focus on the management of environmental impacts.
2012
An Energy-aware Survey on ICT Device Power Supplies
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This survey reports the results of a wide analysis performed on a large set of commercially available external power supplies (more than 300 devices verified and more than 200 electrically measured) to assist the standardization activities within ITU-T Study Group 5 (SG5) (Recommendation ITU-T L.1001). Mechanical, electrical and environmental characteristics have been evaluated; correlation and statistics have also been developed.
2012

FLYERS AND BROCHUrES  

Cables for Climate Monitoring and Disaster Warning Download here
(available in all ITU official languagues)
September 2013
​ITU-T Environmentally Sound Management of E-Waste ​Download here
(available in English, Spanish)
​September 2013
​Brochure of ITU-T Study Group 5 - Environment and Climate Change Download here
(available in English)
​May 2013
​ITU-T Activities on Human Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields (EMFs) due to Radio Systems and Mobile EquipmentDownload here
(available in English, Spanish)
​May 2013
​ITU-T Focus Group on Smart Sustainable CitiesDownload here
(available in English)
​April 2013
​Green ICT Standards: A Path to Environmental SustainabilityDownload here
(available in English)
​January 2013
ITU-T Standardized Methodologies to Assess the Environmental Impact of ICTsDownload here
(available in all ITU official languages)
​November 2011
 

Earlier Reports

 

ITU News Special Edition “Green Standards Week”
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(available in English)
September 2012
ITU News “ Tackling Climate Change” Download report
(available in English)
November 2011
Information and Telecommunication Technologies for Environmental Challenges Download report
(available in English)
November 2011
ICTs as a Key Technology to Help Countries Adapt to the Effects of Climate Change World Resource Institute Download report
(available in English)
February 2011
Using ICTs to Tackle Climate Change Download report
(available in all ITU official languages)
December 2010
Using submarine communications networks to monitor the climate Download report
(available in English)
November 2010
ICT as an enabler for smart water management Download report
(available in English)
October 2010
Batteries for portable ICT devices Download report
(available in English)
February 2010
ITU Background Paper on ICTs and Climate Change Download report
(available in English)
July 2009
ITU and Climate Change Report Download report
(available in English)
October 2008
NGNs and energy efficiency Download report
(available in English)
August 2008
Remote collaboration tools Download report
(available in English)
March 2008
ICTs and climate change Download report
(available in English)
December 2007