The internet has boosted the economies of most developing countries through communications. A good example is that at the last rebase of Nigeria's economy, the GDP rose from the second largest economy in Africa to the first largely due to the telecommunications sector that was ignored over the years. The influx of the Telecoms Companies and business in Nigeria made it easier for people to reach out and do business even in the hinterland and remote villages through mobile phones. Mobile prepaid phone-boots opened and boosted employment. Additionally, the internet also brought online banking to the fore (reducing overhead costs and improving cash flows from various points), improved human rights agitation through online freedom of expression and promotes knowledge and innovation through resolving issues with the internet infrastructure.
The government and other stakeholders should come-up with good policies that promote the expansion of acceptable internet practices. Regulatory bodies should be established and/or empowered to control and promote sustainable development of the sectors by encouraging regime-independent interventions that support the growth of start-ups with Small and Medium Scale Enterprises. Knowledge exchange should also be encouraged through sound and people-friendly regulations and resources allocated to create room for healthy competition. Institutional frameworks that prevent interventions from prematurely coming to a halt should be legislated and enacted to prevent risks factors such as political or administrative change in government structure.
There are quite a number of challenges which range from security, privacy, identity theft, accessibility, bandwidth cost, speed, availability, reliability and building local content especially for online research on sub-Saharan Africa. Likewise, the opportunities such as e-learning courses for capacity building and development, freedom of expression, online business, mobile business and improved social interaction should be explored and boosted to bring about innovation in a bid to solve problems, resolve issues, improve quality of service and create an impact in the society