Committed to connecting the world


Question 6

International Internet connectivity including relevant aspects of Internet protocol (IP) peering, regional traffic exchange points, cost of provision of services and impact of transition from Internet protocol version 4 (IPv4) to Internet protocol version 6 (IPv6)

(Continuation of Question 6/3)


The Internet has become a fundamental conduit for the global economy and society as a whole. However, the cost of international internet connectivity remains high in many regions of the world. In addition, as more and more devices come online around the world, IPv6 preparedness is increasingly urgent, and an understanding of the economic impact of the necessary transition to IPv6 merits further study.  The work of ITU-T study groups is key the continuing growth and accessibility of information and communications technologies (ICT), and Study Group 3 provides a unique global forum to improve the understanding of the financial and economic aspects associated with International Internet connectivity and related topics.

Enhancing the ability of developing countries to exchange traffic locally at a national level and regionally, would lower the cost of international bandwidth. In this context, the establishment of Internet exchange points (IXPs), facilities where all Internet players can interconnect directly to each other, can improve quality of service and reduce transmission costs. Furthermore, with the exponential growth of devices connected to the internet, it is also important to assess the adoption and the implementation IPv6 migration.


Study the high cost of international internet connectivity (including IP peering, Regional Traffic Exchange Points, and the cost of provision of services) and study the economic impact of transition from IPv4 to IPv6 


Understand the basis of the cost of international Internet connectivity, and identify factors contributing to high costs.

Identify mechanisms for reducing costs of IIC.

Identify costs associated with migration to IPv6 and develop scope and methodology for monitoring the impact of IPv6 transition on international telecommunications services and networks


– ITU-T D.50
– ITU-T D.50 Supplements
– Regional organizations