1. What are the developmental aspects of the Internet (for example, economic, social, regulatory and technical aspects), especially for developing countries?
Developmental aspects of the Internet, especially for developing countries:
1) Human Infrastructure
Trained, educated and engaged people who create, sustain, and maintain networks at a local and regional level.
2) Technical infrastructure
The networks, computers, protocols (standards), Internet exchange points, and other technology that the Internet runs “on”, and through which the unconnected become connected.
3) Governance Infrastructure
The frameworks, guidelines and rules that promote Internet use, innovation and expansion are critical to allow the Internet to fulfill Its’ potential as a channel for human expression and development.
2. How can governments and other stakeholders promote the developmental aspects of the Internet?
For the further development of the Internet, particularly in developing countries, governments and other interested organizations can focus their efforts on:
- participating in conferences and technical workshops;
- supporting local and regional internet Organizations;
- producing research and publications;
- funding grants for Internet projects.
3. What are the challenges and opportunities?
One of the problems of further development of the Internet is to provide efficient access to the desired content on the worldwide web. The explosive growth of the world wide web in the Internet has caused a large volume of distribution of digital content such as texts, pictures, audio data, and video data. A large portion of Internet traffic is derived from this content. Therefore, a major developmental aspect of the Future Internet is to create new content distribution mechanisms. These include the so-called content distribution networks (CDNs), described in Recommendation ITU-T Y.2019, and peer-to-peer (P2P) networking for content sharing. This requires some novel approaches specializing in data content handling, focused on the management of data / content from the point of view of Internet resource usage. They are distinguished from existing Internet in the concepts of addressing and routing mechanism. While the routing mechanism of current Internet depends on 'location' (IP address or host name), the new routing method must be based on the name of data/content and the data/content may be stored in multiple physical locations with a network-wide caching mechanism.