e/Smart services, applications and supporting platforms
(Continuation of part of Questions 4/20 and 5/20)Motivation
Implementing Smart Cities and Communities (SC&C) involves the integration of information communication technologies (ICTs) into all aspects of city planning and operation. Acting as a platform, ICTs improve the efficiency of a city's functions by enabling gathering of pertinent information and interconnecting the multitude of different domains. This would allow the concerned municipalities, the communities and the citizens to make better informed decisions, thereby facilitating the integration of city services and cooperation across different sectors.
Developments in Internet of Things (IoT) technologies have wide impacts, especially in enhancing the end user experience by advanced networking and services, which will form part of smart user environments through the collaboration among humans and things. IoT applications and services receive more importance in the whole process of communications and computing such as configuration of resources, provision of capabilities and management. IoT provides context-aware information and knowledge services, which are developed by using context awareness, reasoning, abstraction, knowledge representation and informational models among others to mimic smart decision making as a services and application layer. It can deliver such information and knowledge services to anyone, anywhere and at anytime.
Situational and context-aware information and knowledge produced by IoT will add value and enable business opportunities to sensor-integrated e/smart services and applications such as manufacturing and industrial fields, military, health care, environmental control and utility management, civil engineering, agriculture, transportation, finance, and so on. IoT services include identity related, collaborative aware and ubiquitous services. While considered as the most basic and important services that typically most other types of services rely on, identity related services (identity and device management) lie at the core of service management platforms. Collaborative aware and ubiquitous services use information models to make informed smart decisions, while aiming to provide services to its beneficiaries any time, and anywhere.Question
This Question is tasked to focus on e/smart services and applications aspects related to the verticals, to facilitate seamless e/smart services among heterogeneous IoT environments.
Study items to be considered include, but are not limited to:
- Analysis of service functional requirements: Requirements analysis is a starting point to extract service features, required functions, relevant attributes and also to attribute values from various e/smart services and applications including SC&C;
- e/Smart services and applications platforms for IoT and SC&C;
- Middleware and application interfaces (e.g., APIs, Web interfaces) for e/smart services and applications;
- Specification of application profiles: e/smart applications and services have vertical characteristics and each one may have unique requirements. Each type of e/smart service and application needs an application profile to define service features, processing functions, operation attributes, attribute values, etc.;
- Identification and usage of Sensor information description language to support information models development for the IoT and e/smart services and applications;
- Context/event management and reasoning standards including context modelling language and context-awareness processing;
- Machine learning mechanisms for intelligence aspects;
- Service management standards: A set of relevant standards need to be developed for service management mechanisms for e/smart services and applications including SC&C;
- Business support capabilities with workflow management for e/smart services and applications including SC&C;
- Collaboration with which standards development organizations (SDOs) would be necessary to maximize synergies and harmonize existing standards related to this field work?
Tasks include, but are not limited to:
- Developing Recommendations, Reports, Handbooks, Guidelines, etc. as appropriate on:
- e/Smart services and applications platforms for IoT and SC&C;
- SC&C applications and services including, inter alia, smart grid, water, mobility, logistic, waste, healthcare, e-government, emergency telecommunications, education, transport, utilities, finance, etc.;
- Functionality profiles of e/smart applications and services;
- Information modelling relevant to e/smart services and applications;
- Middleware for e/smart services and applications including SC&C;
- APIs, Web interfaces among IoT middleware entities;
- Context modelling languages for context awareness of IoT middleware;
- Context/event management and reasoning for cognitive action to facilitate context aware and cognitive services considering social relationships among human and things;
- Autonomic service management for e/smart services and applications including SC&C;
- Business support capabilities like service activation, enrolment, contract management, billing and troubleshooting for e/smart services and applications including SC&C;
- Providing the necessary collaboration for joint activities in this field within ITU and between ITU-T and SDOs, consortia and fora.
An up-to-date status of work under this Question is contained in the SG20 work programme
- Y.4000-series including Y.4001/F.748.2, Y.4002/F.748.3, Y.4111/Y.2076, Y.4252/Y.2064, Y.4400/Y.2063, Y.4407/Y.2281, Y.4408/Y.2075, Y.4409/Y.2070, Y.4452, Y.4453, Y.4552/Y.2078, Y.4700/F.747.2, Y.4701/H.641, Y.4553.
- ITU-T (e.g., considering their lead study group role), ITU-D and ITU-R Study Groups as appropriate.
- This Question will collaborate with ITU-T SG3 namely on tariff and economic issues relating to IoT and its applications.
- This Question will collaborate with ITU-T SG16 on multimedia and applications.
- 3GPP SA2 on M2M standards
- ETSI, oneM2M
- ISO/IEC JTC 1
- ZigBee Alliance on low-power sensor networking and application issues over IEEE 802.15.4 (Low Rate WPAN)
- HGI (Home Gateway Initiative)
- IPSO Alliance
- OMA (Open Mobile Alliance)
- OCF (Open Connectivity Foundation)
- OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium)
- AIOTI (Alliance for Internet of Things Innovation)
- W3C (World Wide Web Consortium)