City leaders will benefit from these KPIs in terms of strategic planning and measurement of the city progress towards their individual smart city goals.
The indicators will enable cities to measure their progress over time, compare their performance to other cities and through analysis and sharing allow for the dissemination of best practices and set standards for progress in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at the city level.
Each indicator forms part of a holistic view of a city’s performance in three dimensions: Economy, Environment and Society and Culture. Each of these dimensions provides a separate view of progress and when reported together provide a holistic view of a smart sustainable city.
Within each dimension, there are sub dimensions that focus on more specific areas of performance and progress. An example is the ICT infrastructure sub-dimension which provides a more in-depth view at how ICTs are deployed and used within a city.
The indicators are further sub-divided into core and advanced indicators. Core indicators are those that should be able to be reported on by all cities, provide a basic outline of smartness and sustainability and higher levels of performance can generally be achievable. Advanced indicators provide a more in-depth view of a city and measure progress on more advanced initiatives, however, they may be beyond the current capabilities of some cities to report or implement.
These indicators will also form the basis for the U4SSC Smart Sustainable City Index. The index will collect the reported indicators values along with data about the profile of the city to provide a comparative ranking of cities.
Each indicator has been chosen through a process of review and input by international experts and UN agencies, programmes and secretariats to ensure that the data collected supports the SDGs, is relevant to measuring progress in becoming smarter and more sustainable and provide a basis for comparison.
The KPIs for SSC aim to assess how the use of ICTs has an impact on the environmental sustainability of cities.
Implementing SSC KPIs also help businesses to grow by boosting the performance and consistency of the desired outcomes.
These KPIs also allow for the demonstration of the feasibility of rapidly progressing towards the set energy and climate objectives at the city level, while proving to citizens that their quality of life (QoL) and local economies can be improved by consistently measuring energy efficiency and reduction of carbon emissions using ICTs.
These KPIs will also foster the dissemination of efficient SSC models and strategies by bringing various cities on a level playing field and allowing for the progress towards a low carbon future.
The intention of identifying the KPIs is to establish the criteria to evaluate ICT´s contributions in making cities smarter and more sustainable, and to provide the cities with the means for self-assessments.
It is desirable that cities can quantify their achievement according to their goals. Therefore, by utilizing these indicators, cities as well as their stakeholders can also objectively assess the extent to which they may be perceived as smart sustainable cities.
The list of all the KPIs for SSC along with its collection methodology are contained in: