The purposes of
the Union are set out in Article 1 of the Constitution (Geneva, 1992).
Essentially, they are to provide a forum in which the Union's membership can
cooperate for the improvement and rational use of telecommunications of all
kinds in the following domains:
||a technical domain
to promote the development, efficient operation, usefulness
and general availability of telecommunication facilities and
||a development domain
to promote the development of telecommunications in
developing countries and the extension of the benefits of
telecommunications to people everywhere;
||a policy domain
to promote the adoption of a broader approach to
telecommunication issues in the global information economy and
objective of the strategic plan for the Union for 1999-2003 is to indicate how
these purposes will be achieved in this period of time by identifying key
issues, goals, strategies and priorities for the Union as a whole, for each of
the Sectors, and for the secretariat.
ITU strategic plan for 1995-1999 was based on an ambitious goal — to establish
the Union as the international focal point for all matters relating to
telecommunications in the global information economy and society. This goal was
to be achieved through the following overall strategies:
||to strengthen the foundations of the Union — by
enhancing the participation of Sector Members and increasing
synergy between the activities of the Sectors;
||to broaden the Union's activities — by creating
the world telecommunication policy forum and using ITU resources
and information systems more effectively;
||to increase the Union's leverage in international
affairs – by establishing strategic alliances with other
concerned international and regional organizations, and
communicating more effectively with the public.
report of the Council to the Plenipotentiary Conference (Minneapolis, 1998) on
the activities of the Union since the Plenipotentiary Conference (Kyoto, 1994)
provides a detailed assessment of the results of the 1995-1999 strategic plan.
Each of these strategies has been successful, to a greater or lesser degree.
However, the overall goal as referred to in paragraph 3 above has not been
entirely realized, largely because of developments outside the control of the
Union and its membership.
telecommunication environment has evolved in ways that were not completely
foreseen when the 1995-1999 strategic plan was being crafted. In particular, the
forces of liberalization, competition and globalization have been stronger than
anticipated. They have resulted in a shift in the way telecommunications is
viewed — by policy‑makers and regulators, by customers, and by the
industry itself. These forces will be further strengthened by the implementation
in 1998 of agreements liberalizing trade in telecommunications at the
international and regional levels.
this new environment, it is no longer realistic to believe that the Union can be
the focal point for all matters relating to telecommunications in the global
information economy and society. The world is now too complex and
telecommunications too pervasive for a single organization to be the focus of
all issues of concern to the international community. New goals must be set and
new strategies devised. That is the purpose of this document, which is organized
part identifies key trends and developments in the telecommunication
environment and assesses their implications for ITU;
proposes general strategic orientations, goals and priorities for
achieving the purposes of the Union in the new environment in the
last part presents goals, strategies and priorities for the Sectors.