The Union’s main source of financing is the contributions of its Member States, which
account for 66.1% of the overall budget. At each plenipotentiary conference, every member
(States and Sector Members alike) selects its class of contribution. The amount of the
contributory unit is determined when the budget is approved and the current value of one
contributory unit for a Sector Member is set at 1/5 of that of a Member State. Sector Members
contribute 13.3% of the overall budget. The scale of unit classes ranges from 1/16 of a unit to
40 units but any member may choose a number of contributory units over 40. Only Member States
listed by the United Nations as least developed countries and those determined by the Council
may select the 1/8 and 1/16 unit classes of contribution.
The other sources of financing include:
- income from cost recovery for services like the sale of publications, project execution,
satellite notifications (17% of total funding)
- other income, such as withdrawals from the Reserve Account and income from interest
(3.6% of total funding).
The Union operates on a biennial budget, that is, a budget approved by the Council every two
years. The budget must remain within expenditure limits set by the Plenipotentiary Conference
for two budgetary cycles.
For the years 2004–2005, the budget of the Union stands at CHF 328 872 000, with the
contributory unit valued at CHF 315 000 for Member States and CHF 63 000 for Sector Members. In
addition, the contributory unit for Associates has been fixed at CHF 10 500 for the
ITU Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R) and ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T),
CHF 3 937.50 for the ITU Telecommunication Development Sector (ITU-D) and CHF 1 968.75
for Associates from developing countries participating in the ITU-D sector.
In addition to 48 activities, the 2004–2005 budget covers the funding of centralized
administrative and support services and is structured by Sector, activity and type of