Reducing the Standardization Gap is a project of ITU-T with the objective to understand the primary gaps that must be overcome to improve the standards development, implementation and usage capacities of developing countries. This project is being funded with the kind support of the Korean administration.
The first phase of the project involved developing indicators and present concrete recommendations and best practices for improving standards capabilities in developing countries. It was observed during the first phase, that developing countries participation in ICT standardization is hampered by a lack of understanding of the importance of ICT standards which results in inadequate funding for standardization work and coordination at national level for participation in international standards fora. Two reports, "Measuring and reducing the standards gaps" and "ICT Standardization Capabilities of developing countries" have been published in the first phase.
In the second phase, the ITU will be developing guidelines for developing countries to establish a standardization secretariat to better interface with the ITU-T study groups to enhance their contribution in ITU-T standardization activities.
Measuring and Reducing the Standards Gap Report
This results of the first phase was published in the report "Measuring and reducing the standards gap"
in 2009. The report also identified the primary standards gaps between developing and developed countries based on specific case studies and proposes best practices and actionable steps for improving national standards capacity in the developing world. Based on the findings of the report, the National Standards Capability Scale (see figure below) was proposed to describe the categories of standards readiness of countries.