Economic growth, climate change and rising populations are all affecting the availability of water resources. According to UN estimates, 85 per cent of the world’s population lives in the driest half of the planet; 783 million people do not have access to clean water; almost 2.5 billion do not have access to adequate sanitation; and 6 to 8 million people die annually from the consequences of water-related disasters and diseases.
ICTs can play a special role in this respect through a number of technologies that help in a better distribution, management, and allocation of water. Currently the role that ICTs play to help in measuring, monitoring, and distribution of water as a result of environmental issues has not been fully identified and compiled.
The Focus Group on Smart Water Management (FG-SWM) was established by the ITU-T TSAG meeting in Geneva, 4-7 June 2013.
The FG-SWM is expected to carry out the following specific tasks:
- Collect and document information on national, regional and international smart water management initiatives; reporting on current activities and technical specifications.
- Specify the roles to be played by ICTs in smart water management.
- Develop a list mapping key stakeholders involved in the area of ICTs and smart water management.
- Develop Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) to assess the impact achieved through the use of ICTs in water-management systems.
- Develop a set of methodologies for estimating the impact of ICTs on water conservation.
- Identify water-management ICT applications and services with the potential to ensure interoperability and the benefits of economies of scale.
- Draft technical reports that address standardization gaps and identify new standardization work items to be taken up by its parent group, ITU-T Study Group 5 (Environment and climate change).
Parent group: ITU-T Study Group 5.
FG-SWM Terms of Reference
Draft Report on The Role of ICT in Water Resource Management