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Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

Millennium Development Goals, targets and indicators

In September 2000, world leaders came together at the United Nations Headquarters in New York to adopt the United Nations Millennium Declaration, committing their nations to a new global partnership to reduce extreme poverty and setting out a series of time-bound targets - with a deadline of 2015 - that have become know as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The MDGs recognize the contribution that developed countries can make through trade, development assistance, debt relief, and technology transfer.
 
To track the 8 MDG goals, a framework including a specific set of targets and indicators were identified. The current list of official MDG indicators and targets, which was revised in 2007, supersedes the previous list
For a description of the monitoring process, and to access the MDG database, visit the UN Statistics Division.

How ITU is helping to track goal 8; and its role in the post-2015 UN development agenda

ITU is measuring Target 8F, (of Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development): ‘In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications’. ITU is monitoring the 3 indicators that were identified to track this target: 
ITU is part of the Inter-Agency Expert Group (IAEG) on MDG Indicators. This group is in charge of producing data for each of the eight MDGs. Based on relevant targets and indicators, these data are used to evaluate the progress of the MDGs and to produce the UN Secretary General's annual MDG Report. The IAEG includes policy analysts and statisticians from the different organizations that are in charge of tracking the MDGs. The IAEG, which meets twice a year, has also helped to harmonize national and international data sets, and improved estimations and the transparency of methods used for data compilation and dissemination. It has also assisted countries in improving data and tools to monitor the MDGs.
 
From 16-18 October, 2013, ITU hosted the 24th Inter-agency and Expert Group (IAEG) Meeting on MDG Indicators, Geneva, Switzerland
 
ITU is also a member of the Working Group on 'Monitoring and Indicators' of the UN System Task Team on the Post-2015 UN Development Agenda, which was set up in January 2012. Led by DESA and UNDP, the Task Team brings together over 60 UN system entities. Its main objective is to identify a unified development agenda for the post-2015 period.

Access to information and communication technologies (ICTs) by development status and region




 
 
 
 space
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fixed-telephone subscriptions per 100 population Mobile cellular subscriptions per 100 population Internet users per 100 population​ ​ ​
1990 200​2 2013​ 1990​ 2002​ 2013 1990​ 2002​ 2013
World ​9.8 17.3​ ​16.2 ​0.2 ​18.6 92.6 ​0.1 10.7 ​38.0
​Developing Regions ​2.3 ​9.8 ​10.8 ​0.0 ​10.4 ​87.2 ​0.0 4.3 ​29.9
  ​Northern Africa ​2.8 ​8.7 ​8.6 ​0.0 ​8.1 ​119.6 ​0.0 2.6 41.7
  ​SSA ​1.0 ​1.4 ​1.2 ​0.0 ​3.6 ​65.9 ​0.0 ​0.9 ​16.9
​     LAC ​6.3 ​16.5 ​18.1 ​0.0 ​19.0 ​114.5 ​0.0 ​8.9 ​46.7
        ​Latin America ​6.2 ​16.9 ​18.6 ​0.0 ​19.4 ​117.9 ​0.0 ​9.1 47.6
        ​Caribbean ​7.0 ​11.6 ​10.4 ​0.1 ​14.3 ​67.5 ​0.0 ​6.5 ​34.7
  ​Eastern Asia (EA) ​2.4 18.6 ​21.4 ​0.0 ​19.4 89.6 ​0.0 ​7.2 ​47.0
     EA without China ​24.8 ​43.4 ​49.0 ​0.3 ​62.6 ​101.1 ​0.0 40.6 61.7
  Southern Asia (SA) ​0.7 ​4.0 ​4.0 ​0.0 ​1.3 ​71.3 ​0.0 1.6 14.5
     ​SA without India ​1.1 4.4 ​8.2 ​0.0 1.4 72.6 ​0.0 1.8 ​13.1
​  SEA ​1.3 5.3 ​10.8 ​0.1 11.1 113.6 ​0.0 ​4.5 26.2
  ​Western Asia ​8.9 ​17.6 ​14.1 ​0.1 ​21.5 ​105.9 ​0.0 6.8 ​41.2
​  Oceania ​3.3 ​5.2 5.2 ​0.0 4.1 50.3 ​0.0 3.4 14.0
​  Caucasus & Central Asia ​7.9 ​9.6 ​14.1 ​0.0 3.7 ​111.0 ​0.0 ​1.7 ​39.2
​Developed Regions ​37.1 ​49.3 ​41.2 ​0.9 ​53.5 117.7 ​0.2 37.7 ​76.1
​LDCs ​0.3 ​0.7 ​1.0 ​0.0 1.0 ​54.7 ​0.0 ​0.2 7.0
​LLDCs ​2.4 3.0 ​3.8 ​0.0 2.3 64.6 ​0.0 ​0.9 14.6
​SIDS ​7.9 ​13.2 11.7 ​0.2 ​17.5 ​74.4 ​0.0 ​8.8 ​33.0
 
Note: SSA=Sub-Saharan Africa; LAC=Latin America and the Caribbean; SEA=South-eastern Asia; LDCs=Least Developed Countries; LLCDs=Landlocked Developing Countries; SIDS=Small Island Developing States. Regional classifications are those of the United Nations.
Source: ITU.