The landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) represent 32 countries across the world and include some of the poorest countries in the world, including 17 LDCs. Lack of territorial access to the sea, remoteness and isolation from world markets and high transit costs impose serious constraints on the overall socio-economic development of landlocked developing countries. Their sea borne trade unavoidably depends on transit through other countries.
In terms of telecommunication infrastructure, LLDCs depend on neighboring and costal countries for access undersea cables and international Internet bandwidth. Often, costs for ICTs in LLDCs are relatively high.
ITU has maintained a dedicated programme for LLDCs since 2003, and adopted special resolutions for the LLDCs to support their ICT developments, and address their specific challenges.