Committed to connecting the world


Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs)

The landlocked developing countries (LLDCs) represent 32 countries across the world and include some of the poorest countries in the world, including 17 LDCs. Lack of territorial access to the sea, remoteness and isolation from world markets and high transit costs impose serious constraints on the overall socio-economic development of landlocked developing countries. Their sea borne trade unavoidably depends on transit through other countries. 

In terms of telecommunication infrastructure, LLDCs depend on neighboring and costal countries for access undersea cables and international Internet bandwidth. Often, costs for ICTs in LLDCs are relatively high.

ITU has maintained a dedicated programme for LLDCs since 2003, and adopted special resolutions for the LLDCs to support their ICT developments, and address their specific challenges.   

Committed to supporting the LLDCs

​ITU has mainstreamed the needs of LLDCs in its activities, programmes and projects to achieve its commitments under the Vienna Programme of Action (VPoA), which was agreed by the UN General Assembly during the Second UN Conference on the LLDCs  in November 2014. The main objective of this 10 year (2014-2024) action-plan is to fast-forward progress in achieving the sustainable development in the LLDCs. ICTs will play a critical role to achieve this objective.

ITU's mandate is to connect the unconnected and to help the most vulnerable countries take advantage of ICTs for development, including through the provision of concentrated assistance. Find out more about ITU's assistance to the LDCs, LLDCs & SIDS.