Nepal Telecommunications Authority (NTA)was established on 1998 with the aim of making the telecommunications service reliable and easily available to the public, making necessary arrangement to avail basic telecommunications service and facilities in all rural and urban areas throughout Nepal, protecting the rights and interests of consumers by ensuring the provision of quality service and making arrangement for the coordination and healthy competition among the persons providing Telecommunications Service and facilities. Tremendous achievements have been obtained in that period. Facilitation for the investment of private sector in Telecom sector has sprouted four service providers providing basic Telephony and Mobile Telephony service. Combined (basic plus mobile) Penetration Rate is still lurking at 19 with near about 5.3 million Telephone connections. Telephone service has reached 3469 out of 3915 Village Development Committees of Nepal. More operators are already in the pipeline to extend service in the rural areas. Likewise, 40 Internet Service Providers are providing internet (with E-mail) service. Fifty-nine districts have point of presence (PoP) facilitating dial up internet service using local dialing facility. Seventy-five districts are availing internet facility through CDMA technology and mobile service. Broadband Internet service is available in major cities through ADSL, Optical Fiber and Radio technology.
Ananda Raj Khanal, born in September 1970, Tanahun, Damauli, Nepal, received his bachelor's degree in electronics and communications in 1996 from Karnataka Regional Engineering College, Surathkal, India, and his master's degree in optical communications in 2000 from Anna University, Chennai, India. He also completed his LLB degree (Gold medalist - 2009) from Tribhuvan University, Nepal in 2009. From 1997 to 2005, he was a lecturer at Kathmandu University, serving as Assistant Professor (2000-05) and as the Head of Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering for a year. He joined the Nepal Telecommunications Authority, the telecom regulator of Nepal, in April 2006, and now serves as the Director. He has participated as a panelist and speaker in a number of conferences and seminars related to telecommunications policy and regulation issues in South Asia. He is also serving as Visiting Faculty at a number of colleges in Nepal. His subjects of interest includes-Analog and Digital Communications, Optical Fiber Communications, Digital System Design and Microprocessors. He has supervised a number of undergraduate and graduate projects.