The Geneva Declaration of Principles (§44) emphasized that:
‘Standardization is one of the essential building blocks of the Information Society. There should be particular emphasis on the development and adoption of international standards. The development and use of open, interoperable, non-discriminatory and demand-driven standards that take into account needs of users and consumers is a basic element for the development and greater diffusion of ICTs and more affordable access to them, particularly in developing countries. International standards aim to create an environment where consumers can access services worldwide regardless of underlying technology.’
The Geneva Declaration of Principles (§64) recognizes, inter alia, that ITU’s core competence in standards development is of crucial importance in building the Information Society.
All the Action Lines of the Geneva Plan of Action require the development of standards in order to meet the expectations of WSIS stakeholders for successful implementation. The ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) is the pre-eminent worldwide telecommunication standards body and cooperates with other international and regional standards development organizations to provide a worldwide harmonized panorama for ICT standards to ensure interworking, interoperability, availability of services and network access.
WTSA Resolution 75 (Johannesburg, 2008) highlighted ITU-T’s contribution in implementing the outcomes of the WSIS, and led to the establishment of the Dedicated Group on Internet-related Public Policy Issues.