The Radio Regulations, through Resolution 205 (Rev. WRC-15), request the BR to organise monitoring programmes in the frequency band 406-406.1 MHz (exclusively allocated to mobile-satellite service for search and rescue activities) and its adjacent frequency bands 405.9-406 MHz and 406.1-406.2 MHz.
One of the objectives of these monitoring programmes is to identify and locate unauthorized emissions in the band 406-406.1 MHz that cause harmful interference to the reception of satellite emergency position-indicating radio beacons (EPIRB) signals of the COSPAS-SARSAT system.
The other objective is to asses the impact of unwanted emissions from systems operating in the frequency bands 405.9-406 MHz and 406.1-406.2 MHz on MSS reception in the frequency band 406-406.1 MHz and to report to subsequent world radiocommunication conferences
For an overview of the Cospas-Sarsat system and protection requirements, see the Cospas-Sarsat presentation (11 November 2014).
The Administrations participating in this monitoring programme provide their reports to the Bureau in application of Resolution 205 (Rev. WRC-15). Upon receipt of the reports, the Radiocommunication Bureau immediately contacts the Administrations responsible for the area where the unauthorized transmitters are located, requesting them to take immediate action with a view to stopping the emissions.