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SDG

Least Developed Countries (LDCs)

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ICTs, LDCs and the SDGs​

The report on ICTs, LDCs and the SDGs: Achieving universal and affordable Internet in the least developed countries is available for download (pdf format)More > 

Global Broadband Targets 2025

Broadband Commission Target calls for 35% Internet penetration in the LDCs by 2025.

Connect 2020

​The ITU's Connect 2020 Agenda – an ambitious vision for the ICT sector for the year 2020 – sets several targets for the LDCs. More >

LDCs

​​There are 46 least developed countries (LDCs), with a population of close to one billion, representing around 13% of the world's total.
The least developed countries (LDCs) are defined as low-income countries that are suffering from long-term impediments to growth. They have low levels of human resource development and are vulnerable to both socio-economic, and environmental shocks. The latest report jointly launched by UNOHRLLS and ITU is the Connectivity in the Least Developed Countries Status report 2021.  

ICTs to address the development challenges of the LDCs


The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) Declaration recognizes that "the spread of information and communication technology and global interconnectedness has great potential to accelerate human progress, to bridge the digital divide and to develop knowledge societies, as does scientific and technological innovation across areas as diverse as medicine and energy".  Goal 9c calls to "significantly increase access to ICT and strive to provide universal and affordable access to Internet in the LDCs by 2020".

ITU has mainstreamed the needs of LDCs in all its activities, programmes and projects to achieve its commitments under the Istanbul Programme of Action (IPoA) 2011-2020. The IPoA, adopted by the Fourth UN Conference on the LDCs in Istanbul, Turkey, in 2011. It is a result-oriented programme of action for the sustainable development of LDCs. The IPoA recognizes ICT networks as an infrastructure priority on par with water, electricity, and transport, and includes a call to "significantly increase access to telecommunication services and strive to provide 100 per cent access to the Internet by 2020".

A new programe of Action has been developed and was to be formally adopted at the LDC5 Conference that was be to held in Janaury of 2022. However this conference has now been postponed to 2023 due to Covid-19 and its variants,  the new dates of which will be posted as soon as available. 

ITU's mandate is to connect the unconnected and to help the most vulnerable countries take advantage of ICTs for development, including through the provision of concentrated assistance. Find out more about ITU's assistance to the LDCs, LLDCs & SIDS.

Identification of Inclusion to the Least Developed Countries Category


The category of the LDCs was officially established by the 
United Nations in 1971. The UN General Assembly mandated the Committee for Development Policy (CDP), a subsidiary body of the  UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), to review and monitor every three years th​e list of LDCs and make recomm​endations on the inclusion and graduation of eligible countries using three criteria which are based on (a) income per capita (b) human assets and (c) economic vulnerability. The CDP defines the LDCs as "low-income countries suffering from the most severe structural impediments to sustainable development." South Sudan was the last country to join the group in 2012.

Eligibility to Graduate from the Least Developed Countries Category


Countries that meet two of the three LDC criteria (income per capita, human assets and economic vulnerability) become eligible for graduation and those that do so in two consecutive reviews qualify for graduation from the LDC category. They also qualify if the GNI per capita of the country is at least twice the graduation threshold ($ 2,484) in two consecutive reviews.

Vanuatu graduated from the category of the LDCs in 2020. It was the sixth country to graduate since the inception of the LDCs category in 1971, following Botswana (1994), Cabo Verde (2007), Maldives (2011), Samoa (2014) and Equatorial Guinea (2017). 

On 11 February 2021, the UN General Assembly has adopted a resolution to provide Angola, on an exceptional basis, with an additional preparatory period of three years before its effective data of graduation from the lLDC category. Angola is scheduled to graduate on 12 February 2024.​ Other countries that are planned to graduate include Bhutan (2023), São Tomé and Príncipe (2024) and Solomon Islands (2024). ​