A few words on Convergence
Convergence, though an industry buzzword for some time, remains a
important reality in today's information and communication (ICT) industry,
so much so that its effects are being felt at numerous levels.
At the technological level, there have been rapid developments in
device convergence (e.g. mobile phone, camera and internet access device),
network convergence (e.g. fixed-mobile convergence, next-generation
networks) and service convergence (e.g. voice services over the internet).
At the regulatory level, converged regulators for broadcasting and telecommunications
now exist in a number of economies (e.g. Ofcom in the United Kingdom).
Corporate convergence is a natural consequence, with many service providers
merging their content and infrastructure business areas. Industry convergence
is occurring between information technology, telecommunications and
Convergence brings with it a number of challenges, including content
distribution and management, sustainability and scalability, innovation
management, competitive dynamics, tariff policies, network security,
regulatory coherence, consumer protection and so on. Convergence at
its multiple levels is blurring the boundaries between service classifications,
between industries, and between policy frameworks.
This page provides a number of online resources on the topic of convergence.
Selected online resources and policy paper on Convergence
- Report for the European Commission (Devoteam/Siticom),
Regulatory implications of the introduction of next generation
networks and other new developments in electronic communications,
- Report for the European Commission (Analysys),
IP Voice and Associated Convergent Services, January
Comments on NGN Public Policy.
- Economist Intelligence Unit,
The next moves: Convergence in the communications and content
industries, August 2004.
- European Commission, Com (97) 623,
Green paper on the convergence of the telecommunications, media
and information technology sectors, and the implications for regulation:
Towards an information society approach, 3 December 1997.
- European Commission, i2010 High Level Group, Discussion Paper,
The Challenges of Convergence, December 2006.
- G.S. Ford, Thomas M. Koutsky and Lawrence J. Spiwak,
Competition After Unbundling: Entry, Industry Structure and Convergence,
Phoenix Center policy paper No. 21, July 2005.
- Henten, R. Samarajiva & W.H. Melody,
Designing Next Generation Telecom Reform: ICT Convergence or Multisector
Utility?, January 2003.
Communications & Strategies, Technological Convergence and Regulation:
Challenges Facing Developing Countries, Special Issue, WSIS,
- ITU, GSR Discussion Paper,
Fixed-Mobile Convergence, E. Sutherland, February 2007.
- W. Melody, E. Sutherland & R. Tadayoni, Lirne Asia,
Convergence, IP Telephony and Telecom Regulation – Challenges
and Opportunities for Network Development, with particular reference
to India, July 2005.
developments in the market, January 2006.
Policy Considerations for Audio-Visual Content Distribution in
a Multiplatform Environment, January 2007.
Convergence: Market developments and policy issues, March
- Ofcom, Public discussion document,
Regulatory challenges posed by next generation access networks,
- OFTA (OVUM),
Review of the regulatory framework for fixed-mobile convergence
in Hong Kong , April 2006.
- J.V. Srivastava and M. Finger,
Fixed to Mobile Convergence (FMC): technological convergence
and the restructuring of the European telecommunications industry,
- Telecoms Infotech Forum,
Briefing Paper, Fixed-mobile convergence, September 2006.
- Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI),
Consultation Paper on Issues relating to Convergence and Competition
in Broadcasting and Telecommunications,
- The World Bank (J. Bezzina),
Interconnection Challenges in a Converging Environment: Policy
Implications for African Telecommunications Regulators,
- Working Group on Internet Governance,
Draft WGIG Issue
Paper on Telecommunications Infra-structure, Broadband Access, and
Convergence with NGN.
- Yankee Group,
Rationalizing Fixed-Mobile Convergence, May 2006.