Page 5 - Frontier technologies to protect the environment and tackle climate change - Executive Summary
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Frontier technologies to protect the environment and tackle clim
                          Frontier technologies to protect the environment and tackle climate changeate change

               Executive Summary

               Catastrophic global climate change is not an event waiting to happen, it is the reality facing
               the world right now, today, and urgent action is needed to tackle it. Cutting-edge frontier
               technologies such as AI, clean energy, digital twin or robotics can help mitigate and combat
               these challenges, according to a recent UN report.

               Across the planet, rising temperatures
               caused by global warning are giving
               rise to more frequent and severe
               weather-related phenomena such
               as heat waves, droughts, floods,
               rising sea levels, wildfires, hurricanes,
               tropical  cyclones  and  heavy  rain
               and snowfalls. Already vulnerable
               and poor population groups are
               likely to be those most affected.
               Growing  urbanization  is  also  set
               to exacerbate the ramifications of
               climate change, given that some 70
               per cent of energy-related CO2 emissions are traceable back to cities. With high population
               concentrations, cities are also more at risk from the direct and indirect impacts of climate
               change, and bear most of their related costs such as dealing with negative health outcomes
               and population displacements.

               Frontier technologies to protect the environment and tackle climate change, the latest report
               – developed by ITU together with United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE);
               United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO); UN Environment;
               United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC); United Nations Global
               Compact; United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO); United Nations
               Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat); and United Nations Entity for Gender Equality
               and the Empowerment of Women (UN-Women) – begins by exploring what is changing on
               our planet, why these changes are taking place, and who is most at risk as a result. It shows that
               catastrophic global climate change is already clearly underway and that urgent action is needed
               to help monitor, mitigate and adapt to its effects. Frontier technologies – new, innovative and
               disruptive technologies – offer tremendous potential for tackling climate change and meeting
               the goals of United Nations sustainable development goal (SDG) 13 (Climate Action).

               The report spotlights eight key emerging technologies, each with the potential to be instrumental
               in tackling climate change: artificial intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT), 5G, clean energy
               technology, digital twin, robotics, Space 2.0 technologies, as well as digitalization and Big

               It also takes us inside the United Nations system, with perspectives from ITU, UNECE, UNESCO,
               UN Environment, UNFCCC, UN Global Compact, UN Habitat, UNIDO and UN Women. It
               provides real-life case studies to explore how these innovative technologies are being used
               in areas as diverse and critical as smart cities, earth monitoring, natural disaster risk reduction,
               e-waste, and water and electricity management.

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