Page 7 - Implementing Sustainable Development Goal 11 by connecting sustainability policies and urban-planning practices through ICTs
P. 7

United for Smart Sustainable Cities
                          Implementing Sustainable Development Goal 11 by connecting sustainability policies
                                           and urban-planning practices through ICTs

            Guideline  document:  design  of  an  active  framework  to

            successfully achieve Sustainable Development Goal 11

            Deriving recommendations to successfully implement Sustainable Development Goal 11, by transforming
            urban-sustainability policies into digitally-enabled urban-planning practices

            1       Introduction

            Today’s common urban challenges such as climate change, crime, poverty, disease and the exhaustion of
            natural resources do not respect borders between countries or limits between the built and the non-built
            domains. Therefore, the scope of urbanization should always include the liveable environment  while also
            considering the global dimension.

            International instruments and global agendas are aimed at providing the required guidance on urbanization
            and development to improve the liveable environment. These include Sustainable Development Goal (SDG)
            11  and the New Urban Agenda (NUA) , which facilitate the implementation of effective public policies,
            adoption of enhanced novel planning techniques and the integration of technology-supported frameworks.
            As such, treaties, conventions, charters, and declarations, amongst other instruments, are promulgated by
            international  bodies  such  as  the  United  Nations.  These  international  instruments  can  often  evolve  as
            concrete international agendas, if implementation mechanisms such as indicators are elaborated upon for a
            more  guided  execution  of  their  principles.  Furthermore,  these  international  instruments  are  usually
            voluntary and it is left to each country’s discretion whether to adopt them. This often restricts the global
            scope of such agendas. It is also noted that even in countries where these agendas and instruments have
            been adopted, their practical application by local administrations is quite limited.

            Relevant examples of finite implementations include the United Nations Rio Declaration of 1992, which later
            evolved as the Local Agenda 21 (LA21); or the EU SET Plan of 2000. This EU Set Plan of 2000, which moved
            towards the Covenant of Mayors (CoM), was intended to be the European energy agenda.
            It is important to note that while the LA21 included several indicators to help measure sustainability, it could
            not be adequately implemented by cities around the world. A similar situation was faced with CoM, as
            implementation of the programme could not progress despite the inclusion of several indicators to deliver
            the 20/20/20 energy goals.

            The limited uptake of international agendas is caused by two very diverse reasons:
                   The first reason is the lack of correspondence between policies included in the agendas and the
                    actual physical master planning for cities.
                   The second reason is attributed to the fact that the data-collection process required to feed the
                    indicators may be quite expensive.
            As the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development by world leaders is a landmark decision for
            the benefit of future generations, the attainment of its goals cannot be left to chance. The SDGs, specifically

            1    This includes both urban and non-urban areas.
            2    SDG 11 forms one of the key goals of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The specific target addressed
               by  this  output  document  is  11.3  –  “By  2030,  enhance  inclusive  and  sustainable  urbanization  and  capacity  for
               participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries”
            3    Please refer to the final page of this document for extracts on specific commitments made by the NUA to help achieve
               SDG 11.
            U4SSC series                                                                                    1
   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12