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ITU's Engagement: Adaptation and Mitigation


As a core function of its development mission, ITU will assist Member States in the use of ICT applications for e-environment and sustainable development and to use telecommunication/ICTs to adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change, including the use of emergency telecommunications and alerting systems for disaster relief.

  • The World Telecommunication Development Conference 2006 (WTDC-06) reviewed key technological developments in the information and communication technology (ICT) sector and adopted, inter alia, Resolution 54 on ICT applications, including e-environment . In this regard, activities of Programme 3 of the Doha Action Plan include providing technical cooperation assistance to ITU member states, developing tools and training material, and collaborating with partners.
     
  • The World Radiocommunication Conference 2007 (WRC-07) analyzed the results of ITU-R studies and proposals of ITU Member States and allocated additional spectrum for radiocommunication systems involved in climate monitoring and disaster prediction, detection and relief. WRC-07 also invited ITU to carry out studies to carry out studies related to further development of these systems.

  • The World Radiocommunication Conference 2007 (WRC-07) adopted Resolution 647 (WRC-07) “Spectrum management guidelines for emergency and disaster relief radiocommunication” requesting the BR to establish a database of currently available frequencies for use in emergency situations, which are not limited to those listed in Resolution 646 (WRC-03). This Resolution also urges administrations to provide the relevant up to date information concerning their national frequency allocations and spectrum management practices for emergency and disaster relief radiocommunications to the BR.

  • The Radiocommunication Assembly 2007 (RA-07) approved Resolutions ITU-R 53 and 55 instructing all ITU-R Study Groups to carry out studies on the use of radiocommunication in disaster prediction, detection, response, mitigation and relief.

  • Mitigation of the negative effects of climate change is another area of the Radiocommunication Sector activities. In many cases, when disaster strikes the “wired” telecommunication infrastructure is significantly or completely destroyed and only radiocommunication services can be employed for disaster relief operation (especially radio amateurs and satellite systems). ITU-R’s Study Groups have developed Recommendations, Reports and Handbooks related to the use of radiocommunications for mitigation of negative effects of climate change, natural and man-made disasters.
     
  • The ITU-D website on e-environment and e-sustainability , developed under Programme 3 of the Doha Action Plan (DAP), contains ITU internal and external relevant resources and links, including resources on topics such as the use of ICTs for environmental protection and the environmentally safe disposal of e-Waste.
     
  • ITU-D Programme 3, jointly with UNEP, supports the Global eSustainability Initiative (GeSI), a global partnership of major players of the ICT sector that promotes technologies for sustainable development.
     
  • Under Programme 3, an e-Environment scoping study has been commissioned to guide future work (available in March 2008). The programme of work for 2008-2009 includes developing an e environment toolkit aimed at national policy-makers.
     
  • Programme 3 provided input to ITU-T’s briefing paper on climate change as well as to the ITU Symposia on ICTs and Climate Change in Kyoto (15-16 April 2008) and London (17-18 June 2008), jointly with ITU-R.
     
  • Programme 6 provides assistance on disaster communications/emergency telecommunications to ITU Member States while paying special attention to the needs of least developed countries and Small Island Developing States that are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change and global warming. Undertakes studies and deliver assistance in the use of active and passive space-based sensing systems as they apply to disaster prediction, detection, monitoring, and mitigation. ITU-R SG 7 (Science Services) provides ITU-D with the most up to date information on remote sensing applications and their use at different phases of disasters.
     
  • Under Programme 6, design National Emergency Telecommunications Plans (NETPs) and develop Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) on the application and use of ICT for early warning, response/relief, and reconstruction.
     
  • Programme 6, assist countries in developing National Adaptation Programmes (NAPs) while ensuring that ICT is at the core of such initiatives.
     
  • Programme 6, working with other OCHA, WHO, FAO, WFP, UNHCR, etc. under the United Nations Working Group on Emergency Telecommunications develop Minimum Operating Procedures for disaster relief and other measures in response to climate change and disasters.
     
  • Programme 6, carries out infrastructure damage assessments after disasters and carries out network rehabilitation activities.
     
  • Programme 6 has organized a number of regional and sub-regional workshops on telecommunications/ICTs for disaster management, and a Global Forum on 10-12 December 2007 in Geneva. A “Workshop on remote sensing in disaster management”, was held 10-11 December 2007, which included presentations from BR on the use of satellites in measuring and monitoring climate change and in assisting with emergency response to disasters.
     
  • Programme 6 with the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) implements the conclusions of the World Conference on Disaster Reduction for the decade 2005-2015 under the Hyogo Framework.
     
  • The Jakarta area office led the ITU delegation to the Bali UN Climate Change Conference, in Dec. 2007, with participation also from TSB. Daily mission reports are available.
     
  • The Cairo office organized an ITU Regional Seminar on "The role of ICT in protecting Man and Environment: How to limit the impact of its use" in cooperation with the Secretariat of the Council of Arab Ministers responsible for environmental affairs in the League of Arab States in October 2004.

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Contact for this page : Strategic Planning and Membership Department
Updated : 2011-04-15