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Democracy and governance
The Millennium Declaration commits governments to the rule of law, while respecting internationally recognised human rights and fundamental freedoms. It also contains a commitment to ensuring the freedom of the media to perform their essential role and the right of the public to have access to information. ICTs can play a significant role in the creation of good governance models, through improving access to government processes and connecting citizens. It is through ICTs that hitherto marginalized voices will be heard. ICT development encourages government activities to be increasingly accountable and transparent. ICTs can also assist in empowering disadvantaged populations to overcome difficulties through community networking and knowledge sharing.

Relevant documents and links: 

  ·         ICTs in support of human rights, democracy and good governance

·         UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) Human Rights Page

·         ACC Statement on Universal Access to Basic Communication and Information Services, ACC.

·         UNDP Case studies on ICTs and Human Rights, demonstrating that ICTs can play a crucial role in preventing violations of human rights and inducing remedial action.

·         E-Governance in developing countries (March 2001), research brief from the IICD (International Institute for Communication and Development).

·         Toward a Framework for Internet Accountability (July 2001), published by the Markle Foundation.

·         Plan of Action: E-Government for Development , United Nations (UN) and European Space Agency (ESA) and the Ministry for Innovation and Technologies of the Government of Italy.  The Plan of action is the  the outcome of the International Conference on E-government for Development (May 2002).

·         The Human Rights Internet, a leader in the exchange of information for the worldwide human rights community.

·         Chapter 5 of the Report of the Panel on UN Peace Operations, which underlines the need to make better use of ICTs to facilitate communications and data sharing and its role in for conflict prevention, refugee repatriation, knowledge management and public information.

·         "Building e-Governance for Development: A Framework for National and Donor Action", Richard Heeks (2001) - this paper which presents ways of tapping the potential of ICTs to help achieve improved governance by describing the contents of a National e-Governance Initiative (NeGI) for developing countries.

·         Strategic Paperless Office @ Speed of Thought, Avinash Chaurasia (2003) 



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Updated : 2011-04-04