Engagée à connecter le monde

SDG

Economies et finance

ICT infrastructure business planning toolkit
2019  Nouveau!  

The ICT infrastructure business planning toolkit offers regulators, policymakers, and stakeholders a practical methodology for the accurate economic evaluation of proposed broadband infrastructure installation and deployment plans. The expert guidance offered by the toolkit will greatly facilitate the development of a credible and coherent business plan that is adaptable to a wide range of broadband infrastructure deployment projects.
Disponible enpaper   electronic file
 
Economic contribution of broadband, digitization and ICT regulation: Econometric modelling for Africa
2019  Nouveau!  

ITU published the findings of a global study on the economic contribution of broadband, digitization and ICT regulation in September 2018. Following this report, The Economic contribution of broadband, digitization and ICT regulation: Econometric modelling for Africa presents a set of econometric analyses that estimate the contribution of broadband and digital transformation on the economy, as well as the impact of ICT policy and regulations on the development of the digital economy in the Africa region. In addition, it provides substantial evidence on the impact of institutional and regulatory variables on the growth of the digital ecosystem.

The outcomes of this regional report may serve as key reference material to illustrate the impact of fixed and mobile broadband on the economy, where the regions stand in terms of digitization and the impact of digitization on GDP. This could assist countries in conceptualizing the process of launching evidence-based digital transformation strategies.

Disponible enpaper   electronic file
 
Economic contribution of broadband, digitization and ICT regulation: Econometric modelling for the Americas
2019  Nouveau!  

This study focuses on the impact of broadband, digital transformation and policy and regulatory frameworks on the growth of markets for digital services in the Americas region. It provides evidence of the importance of regulatory and institutional variables in driving digital growth and further illustrates how broadband technologies combined with effective ICT regulation can positively impact the growth of national economies and prosperity.
Disponible enpaper   electronic file
 
The economic contribution of broadband, digitalization and ICT regulation
2018  

Today's digital transformation is changing our economies at warp speed and scale. The ITU study on "The economic contribution of broadband, digitization and ICT regulation" examines this revolution from a data perspective. It quantifies the positive impact of broadband, digital transformation, and the interplay of ICT regulation on national economies thanks to a new-generation of mature econometric modelling techniques.

Importantly, the study builds on years of robust and reliable data resources to measure the impact of institutional and regulatory variables on the development of the digital ecosystem using top-tier data metrics on the digital ecosystem and the maturity of ICT regulatory frameworks, namely the Digital ecosystem development index and the ITU ICT regulatory tracker.

The study found evidence that broadband technologies and effective ICT regulation can have a positive impact on the growth of national economies and prosperity. The findings also provide a more refined picture of the effects of broadband on countries at a different stage of development. It further provides evidence of the importance of the regulatory and institutional variables in driving digital growth. More broadly, the study makes the case for wider adoption of digital technologies and digital policies across the globe, which will be instrumental in evidence-based decision-making across ITU Membership.

Disponible enelectronic file
 
ITU International Mobile Roaming (IMR) Strategic Guidelines
2018  

The IMR Strategic Guidelines are part of the ITU Let's Roam the World initiative launched in 2015 by Mr Brahima Sanou, Director of the ITU Development Bureau (ITU-D), and have been drafted in collaboration with regional regulatory and other relevant associations. The aim of this report is to build the foundation for harmonized guidelines around the world to improve the delivery of IMR services for the benefit of consumers, to reduce what are generally perceived as high mobile roaming retail prices, and to enhance efficiency and transparency of retail roaming prices and services
Disponible enpaper   electronic file
 
El ecosistema digital y la masificación de las Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaciones (TIC) en Nicaragua
2018  

The objective of this country study on the use of ICTs and the digital ecosystem in Nicaragua is to present the actual situation of the development of the information technologies in the country, considering, among other important aspects, the telecommunication/ICT policies and regulatory environment and the institutional structure. It also describes the implementation of projects and initiatives that lead to the execution of national plans for the provision of mass access to ICT. This study is available in Spanish.
Disponible enpaper   electronic file
 
The APP economy in Africa: economic benefits and regulatory directions
2017  

This report provides an overview of the development of the App Economy in Africa, as well as an assessment of the current state of regulation with emphasis on instances of successful collaborative regulation. It focus on the actual and potential economic benefits and policy and regulatory settings of the App Economy. Country cases for Ghana and South Africa are included. Recommendations to policy makers and regulators are provided concerning tools for collaborative regulation that enhance consumer choice, promote affordable pricing and maintain a level playing field for all players.

This publication is also available at the ITU Digital Ecosystem Portal

Disponible enpaper   electronic file
 
Estudio de Caso: El ecosistema digital y la masificación de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación (TIC) en Panamá
2017  

The objective of this study is to present the actual situation of the development of the digital ecosystem in Panama, considering, among other important aspects, the telecommunication/ICT policies and regulatory environment, the institutional structure and the implementation of projects and initiatives that lead to the implementation of national plans for the provision of mass access to ICT. This study is available only in Spanish.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
El ecosistema digital y la masificación de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación (TIC) en el Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia
2017  

The objective of this study is to present a diagnosis of the development of the digital ecosystem in Bolivia, considering, among other important aspects, the telecommunication/ICT policies and regulatory environment, the institutional structure and the implementation of projects and initiatives that lead to the application of national plans to provide mass access to ICT. This study is available only in Spanish.
Disponible enpaper   electronic file
 
Medición de la Independencia Formal de Autoridades Regulatorias en Telecomunicaciones utilizando un adaptación del Índice Gilardi
2016  

This study focuses on measuring the formal independence of the Telecom/ICT National Regulatory Authorities. In this report, an index based on the work of Gilardi (2002, 2005) was used to measure this independence in the Spanish-speaking countries of the Americas region. The estimation of this index will allow a better understanding of the degree of independence of regulators in Regulatel Member States. Such independence is an essential element to know the institutional strength of a regulatory agency and its ability to achieve its objective of simulating competition, reducing the market failures generated in network economies such as the telecommunications sector. This study is a contribution from the ITU Telecommunication Development Bureau (BDT) to the work being done within the framework of the Grupo de Trabajo sobre Fortalecimiento Institucional del Foro de Reguladores Latinoamericanos (Regulatel). This publication is available only in Spanish.
Disponible enpaper   electronic file
 
A Case Study of ONA - East Africa One Network Area roaming initiative
2016  

In 2015, The BDT Director launched the ITU Let's roam the world initiative to follow up on previous work in the area of international mobile roaming, and this ITU report is part of the work done under the initiative. The ONA model is good example of a multi-country initiative for the creation of a harmonized enabling environment for the international mobile roaming market with the objective of enhancing affordable access to roaming services for both voice and data. It shows that despite price reductions, and the emergence of a range of alternative technologies and calling solutions, prices are still high, and actions are still being taken by ICT Regulatory Associations to make roaming affordable to all consumers. This report also illustrates the importance of having inclusive dialogue at national and regional level in defining appropriate solutions for business, regulation, and policy issues.
Disponible enpaper   electronic file
 
Assignment and use of radio spectrum - policy guidelines and economic aspects
2016  

This study seeks to provide guidelines on policy and economic aspects in relation to assignment and use of the radio-frequency spectrum so as to place NRAs, decision-makers and telecommunication/ICT service operators in a position to make efficient and optimal use of the spectrum, endeavouring to extract maximum benefit from the spectrum in the short and long term while maintaining the necessary balance with other key factors (e.g. coverage obligations, secondary market, etc.). It also seeks to provide an economic assessment of the impact that the conditions and price in a frequency auction exert on the provision of services. Edition October, 2016. Available in English and Spanish.
Disponible enpaper   electronic file
 
El ecosistema digital y la masificación de las Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaciones en Paraguay
2016  

The objective of this study is to present a diagnosis of the development of the digital ecosystem in Paraguay, considering, among other important aspects, the telecommunication/ICT policies and regulatory environment, the institutional structure and the implementation of projects and initiatives that lead to the application of national plans to provide mass access to ICT.
Disponible enpaper   electronic file
 
Estudio de Caso: el Ecosistema Digital y la Masificación de las Tecnologías de la Información y las Comunicaciones en República Dominicana
2015  

This study corresponds to the country case study about the Digital Ecosystem and adoption of Information Technologies and Communications (ICT) in Dominican Republic. The main objective of this study is to analyze the digital ecosystem in the country focusing on three key elements: the regulatory environment, the institutional structure and the status of development for the implementation of telecommunications policies and plans to integrate ICTs in the country.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
Analyse règlementaire des services d'itinérance mobile internationale
2014  

This report offers practical advice on investigating international mobile roaming services and provides the context and information needed to do two things: first, to choose the approach to roaming; and second, to run the day-to-day investigation that will follow. Edition August, 2014.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
A Practical Guide on Benchmarking Telecommunication Prices
2014  

This practical guide explains how to develop a benchmark of telecommunications prices, why a regulator might want to do so, and how the benchmark should be interpreted and applied. The steps involved are explained with reference to hypothetical benchmarking exercises together with actual price benchmarks developed by communications sector regulators. Edition August, 2014.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
Banda Ancha en los países andinos: Tecnología, Regulación y Mercado: Análisis de Situación y Perspectivas 2015
2014  

This study aims to provide an analysis on the stage of the Andean countries (Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela) on three important aspects of the development of broadband, such as technology, regulation and market. It intends to serve as a guide to help the members of the Andean Sub region in the definition of public policies and strategies that promote benefits of the broadband market and ICT in general. This study was prepared by BDT in strong coordination with ASETA. It is available only in Spanish. Edition September, 2014.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
Fonds de service universel et inclusion numérique pour tous
2013  

The underlying concept of Universal Service is to ensure that telecommunications services are accessible to the widest number of people (and communities) at affordable prices. However, increasingly over the last two decades, telecommunications administrations and national regulatory authorities (NRAs) have been turning to the concept of a specific universal service funding mechanism designed as an incentive to encourage operators to assist these administrations in achieving their universal service goals. This funding mechanism is referred to as a Universal Service Fund ('USF').
Disponible enelectronic file
 
La concurrence et la réglementation à l'ère du large bande et de la convergence
2013  

This report takes as its starting point a number of salient facts about the converged broadband world. Driven by the availability of novel and innovative services, demand for bandwidth is growing substantially. Services rather than the underlying technology drive the customers' choice of broadband connection. The economies of scope brought about by convergence are reflected in bundling of services. A range of different access technologies co-exists with mobile broadband services gaining in importance not just in countries where fixed infrastructure is poor, but also in developed economies with almost universal fixed line coverage. The paper then discusses the implications of these developments for market definition. It gives a brief summary of the key principles used by regulatory and competition authorities for establishing the boundaries of the relevant market and then looks at the extent to which different broadband technologies can be said to compete with each other in light of these principles.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
International mobile roaming services: Facilitating competition and protecting users
2013  

This paper examines some of the approaches taken in order to try and synthesize those best practices and suggest steps that can be taken to improve the economic efficiency of IMR markets, as well as indicate potential deficiencies in policies. The paper builds on the earlier work of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), in particular the 2008 and 2012 Global Symposium for Regulators discussion papers, recommendations from ITU-T and the International Telecommunication Regulations and analysis by the Organization for Co-operation and Development (OECD) on this issue in addition to regional initiatives, such as those by the European Union, the African Union and the Arab Regulators Network.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
Taxing telecommunication/ICT services: an overview
June 2013  

General and special taxes on telecommunication/ICT services are not the only direct or indirect interaction between the finance ministry and telecommunications/ICT operators. In addition, customs taxes on telecommunication equipment or devices have an impact. This paper contains a general, introductory discussion of the effects of imposing special taxes on telecommunications/ICT equipment and services in addition to the general run of taxes, such as VAT, which apply to most or all goods and services.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
Etude sur la connectivité internationale d'Internet en Afrique subsaharienne
March 2013  

This report analyses the various actors in the provision of Internet connection and the role played by each one, as well as the bottlenecks that can lead to inefficiencies and associated costs in the sub-Saharan Africa. It also sets out concrete recommendations to enable conditions for healthy and dynamic competition in the market as well as for the reduction of the cost of Internet connectivity at the international level. It also proposes measures to encourage use of the Internet, and to promote development of local content especially in developing countries.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
Study on International Internet Connectivity - Focus on Internet connectivity in Latin America and the Caribbean
March 2013  

This report focuses on the key Internet interconnection issues at national and international levels, as well as the stakeholder and their characteristics in the Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region. It also describes the role of Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) and Network Access Points (NAPs) and their importance in the development of broadband, as well as the significant role of the backbones.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
Strategies for the deployment of NGN in a broadband environment - Regulatory and economic aspects
Mars 2013  

This report identifies the key issues in NGN and NGA migration as well as the benefits from the change. This indicates that moving to a broadband based economy has wider benefits - far beyond the telecoms industry. The movement to NGN in emerging economies has to face other problems, not seen in the developed economies that have generally been the ones to implement broadband. It provides a number of proposals that can assist with the development of strategies for NGN deployment. Although any such deployment has some risks, these can be countered with the question of: what are the risks to the economy and national competitiveness if there is no NGN investment and peer countries do make the transition.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
Guidelines for the Application of Statistical Models to Telecommunication Market Regulation
2011  

These guidelines discuss the application of statistical tools in specific situations related to telecommunication market regulation. The science of statistics is today an effective means of accurately describing the values of economic, political and social data. Thus, an expert in the use of statistical tools is able to interpret results from the benefit of the company, the government and society and thereby facilitate decision-making, and to infer the future behavior of events similar to those analyzed.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
Developments of Next Generation Networks (NGN): Country Case Studies
December 2009  

The move to Next Generation Networks (NGN) has been discussed in the ICT community for some time. Not only discussed. Developments in the market reflect the move, where a number of market players around the world are already operating NGN core networks, increasing numbers of market players are deploying NGN access, and others have made significant commitments to roll out fibre access networks (FTTx) or have migration plans for moving to all-IP networks. The aim of this document is to present the current situation of NGN development in different regions of the world and to examine what effect the transition towards NGNs is having on regulation.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
Regulatory Accounting Guide
March 2009  

This guide focuses on the implementation of cost accounting models and the development of regulatory policies, based on best practices, to help National Regulatory Authorities (NRAs) implement a regulatory accounting model. It also provides a methodology to identify markets, Significant Market Power (SMP) operators and the different typologies of anticompetitive behavior.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
Mobile Termination Rates: To Regulate or not To Regulate
2009  

Over past few years mobile termination charges - the charges that mobile operators levy on each other and on fixed network operators for terminating calls on their networks - have become a concern in many countries throughout the world. The main aim of this paper is to analyze the development of MTR regulation in the different regions of the world and to evaluate the necessity and the scope of such regulation.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
Efficient Operator: Methodologies, modeling and application for tariff regulation
November 2008  

Regulation is not the ideal way to encourage market competition. It is always preferable to encourage market competition. However, there are "market failures" when the market is not perfectly efficient in allocating resources, leading to suboptimal distribution among the population. Therefore, the aim of any market regulation should be to replicate what happens in a market under conditions of perfect competition. This study sets forth and analyses the methodologies for fixing tariffs used in the modeling of an efficient operator, focusing on the advantages and disadvantages and looking at the results of a number of recent applications in Chile, Venezuela and Colombia.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
Broadband Telecommunications in Latin America
February 2008  

Technologies and broadband services today acquire a key role in regional development, modernization of all economic activities and social and evolution towards the information society and digital economy. This report was compiled and analyze the status of programs, actions, recommendations and solutions for access technologies and broadband services. This is available only in Spanish.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
International Mobile Roaming Regulation - An incentive for cooperation
March 2008  

This paper addresses a variety of issues raised by international mobile roaming charges: how do they differ from charges for non-roaming international mobile calls (i.e. when a mobile subscriber calls an international number from its home country); what is the structure of their costs; is there a need for regulatory intervention and, if so, how could they be regulated; and finally, is cooperation and coordination on international mobile roaming regulation beneficial?
Disponible enelectronic file
 
Regional diagnosis of telecommunication policies, strategies and regulations, and the development of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in Latin America
September 2007  

Application of ICTs in the areas of education, health and disasters in rural areas, between other, in isolated regions and in marginalized urban areas are of major importance. This study presents a complete diagnosis of the telecommunications policies and regulations, and strategies for the development of Information and Communication Technology in Latin America. Available only in Spanish.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
Trends in Economics and Finance Volume II: Use of Economic Modelling in Telecommunications
2006  

Dans l'industrie des télécommunications, les techniques de modélisation économique, telles que l'analyse par régression, les simulations et la programmation linéaire, sont de puissants outils d'aide à la prise de décisions, aussi bien pour les gouvernements que pour les autorités de régulation et les opérateurs de télécommunication. Cependant, dans de nombreux pays, ces techniques sont souvent sous-exploitées. Le but du présent rapport est de décrire les différentes techniques de modélisation économique et l'utilisation qui peut en être faite pour résoudre les problèmes pratiques auxquels est confrontée l'industrie des télécommunications: par exemple, comment une proposition de fusionnement peut modifier le comportement compétitif ou encore comment la demande et la rentabilité peuvent être affectées par un changement de prix.
Disponible enCD/DVD   paper   electronic file
 
Study on the application of cost models in Latin American and Caribbean countries
August 2004  

This study is a complete assessment of the situation in each Latin American and Caribbean countries with regards with the application of cost modeling for the calculation of cost of the different telecommunications/ICT services. It also describes the importance of modeling and the different costing methodologies applied by the LAC administrations.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
COSITU Version 1.0 SP2 - Logiciel de calcul des coûts, tarifs et taxes relatifs aux services téléphoniques
2004  

L'établissement de prix fondés sur les coûts, en particulier le calcul des taxes d'interconnexion, est un des défis majeurs pour les opérateurs et les régulateurs. La négociation des tarifs et taxes est un exercice délicat aussi bien pour un nouvel opérateur entrant dans un marché libéralisé que pour un régulateur désirant fixer des tarifs abordables pour des appels nationaux sans compromettre la compétitivité entre les opérateurs. Maintenant, l'Unité de marché, économie et finance de l'UIT a produit COSITU, un outil pratique pour le calcul des coûts, tarifs et taxes. Ce puissant outil permettra aux opérateurs de réseaux, fournisseurs de services, régulateurs et autorités en charge de l'élaboration des politiques de pays en développement de calculer d'une manière efficace les coûts, les taxes relatives aux échanges du trafic international (taxes de répartition, taxes de règlement et taxes de terminaison), les taxes d'interconnexion entre opérateurs locaux ainsi que les tarifs des services téléphoniques nationaux et internationaux fixes et mobiles. COSITU SP2 est un lot informatique bilingue (logiciel sur CD-ROM + manuel d'utilisateur: anglais/français et anglais/espagnol).
Disponible enCD/DVD   electronic file
 
Economic Study for Financing Telecommunication Development
January 2003  

The ITU is committed to assist its Member States, especially Less Developed Countries (LDC), in creating an atmosphere for investment; and to facilitating the marriage between potential investors and recipients. In particular, the ITU/BDT is tasked with analyzing and fostering these relationships, and this paper is intended to serve both Member States and investors in creating the means for telecommunication development.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
Study on IP-based networks: Pricing of telecommunication services
January 2003  

This study is concerned with pricing and different categories of quality of service over IP networks, with a view to the provision of real-time IP services. In providing information about this topic the report also analyses several academic studies (supplied by the ITU) in terms of their contribution to the topic, and explains the business case for international bypass offered by IP networks.
Disponible enelectronic file
 
Investir dans les télécommunications et les TIC dans les pays en développement: Changer le paradigme
2003  

Les télécommunications et les technologies de l'information et de communication sont devenues l'infrastructure clé nécessaire pour le développement de l'humanité. Comme les secteurs se sont transformés en un seul par intérêt commercial, nous devons répondre à cette question: quelles sont les actions à prendre pour encourager l'investissement privé dans le secteur, surtout dans les pays et les régions où les chances sont moins évidentes? Ce rapport donne une approche des réponses à cette question en analysant les tendances, en examinant les facteurs de risques face aux investisseurs potentiels et en identifiant les occasions d'investissement spécifique pour les marchés en voie de développement. Enfin, le rapport fait des recommandations précises aux divers partenaires sur les actions qui peuvent être engagées pour «changer le paradigme» afin que l'investissement soit attiré vers les marchés qui en ont le plus besoin.
Disponible enpaper   electronic file
 
Tendances en économie et finances Volume I: Méthodologie du calcul de coûts, tarifs et taxes d'interconnexion et application à des études de cas
2001  

Cette publication est destinée en particulier aux opérateurs de réseaux et aux autorités de régulation des pays en développement qui ne disposent pas de données très détaillées sur les coûts et sur l'évolution des prix dans leur marché. La première partie décrit un modèle permettant de calculer les coûts, tarifs et taxe d'interconnexion des services téléphoniques. La deuxième partie montre comment l'application de ce modèle dans différents situations (études de cas) a permis d'identifier les exigences des politiques nationales en matière d'obligations de service universel.
Disponible enpaper   electronic file
 
Failed to load /itu-d/opb/pref/D-PREF-EF.TP.CD.xml
Failed to load /itu-d/opb/pref/D-PREF-EF.TP.AME.xml
Institutions financières proposant un financement pour des projets de télécommunication et une assistance technique dans les pays en développement
Quatrième édition, 1999  

Cette publication, subdivisée en trois parties (institutions multilatérales, institutions bilatérales et fonds), rassemble diverses informations utiles concernant les institutions qui proposent des ressources pour des projets de télécommunication et une assistance technique dans les pays en développement. Dans ce guide, les pouvoirs publics, les organes de réglementation et les instances publiques de télécommunication, ainsi que les institutions et entreprises privées, pourront s'informer sur les principales sources de financement du développement.
Disponible enpaper   electronic file
 
Failed to load /itu-d/opb/pref/D-PREF-EF.TP.ARB.xml
Failed to load /itu-d/opb/pref/D-PREF-EF.TP.AFR.xml
Failed to load /itu-d/opb/pref/D-PREF-EF.CST2.xml
Estudio de caso: El ecosistema digital y la masificación de las tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones (TIC) en Ecuador
2019  Nouveau!  

The objective of this country study on the use of ICTs and the digital ecosystem in Ecuador is to present the actual situation of the development of the information technologies in the country, considering, among other important aspects, the telecommunication/ICT policies and regulatory environment and the institutional structure. It also describes the implementation of projects and initiatives that lead to the implementation of the national plans for the provision of mass access to ICT. This study is available in Spanish.
Disponible enpaper   electronic file