1 Introduction
2 Simulcasting of analogue and MPEG-1 layer II digital audio
3 Loudness considerations
4 Operating in the analogue domain
5 Operating in the digital domain
6 Use of audio meters
6.1 VU meters
6.2 Peak meters
6.3 Loudness meters
7 Harmonization of audio alignment levels for digital programme exchange Adoption of SMPTE RP 155
8 Peak audio level
9 The studio environment
10 Application of volume compression in post-production following the final mix of a television commercial soundtrack
11 Ingest of soundtracks into the television broadcasting chain
12 Summary