ADB's LTSF accelerates the globalization process and may widen inequalities in information,skills, technology,infrustructure , and institutions.ADB strategy is aimed to promote the development,education system and curriculum, to close the gap between the information rich and information poor.ADB strategy is focused to promote ICT policies ,applications,human development,strategic alliances and in bridging digital divide.There were proposed three strategic thrusts:
(i) create an enabling environment by fostering (a) the development of innovative sector
policies, (b) the strengthening of public institutions; and (c) the development of ICT
facilities and related infrastructure, and networks;
(ii) build human resources to improve knowledge and skills, and to promote ICT-literacy
and lifelong learning of citizens through e-learning and awareness programs; and
(iii) develop ICT applications and information content for ADB supported
projects/activities, e.g., poverty reduction and good governance.
ADB proposes the action plan consisting of four main activities:
a) Undertake e-readiness assessment in selected DMCs following the procedures for
formulating ADB’s country strategy and program in a DMC;
b) Integrate ICT applications in ADB’s activities to improve the flow and use of
information and knowledge for the effective execution of ADB-supported projects and
c) Promote strategic alliances and partnerships with existing ICT initiatives at national,
regional, and international levels, and establish principles of effective public-private
sector partnerships; and
d) Establish a centre for learning, information, communication, and knowledge for Asia
and the Pacific (CLICK) to improve the dissemination and use of information and
knowledge for development as well as best practices through ICT.
The focus is made on the Information and Technology support in various sector projects that were related to automation,informatics,management information system, and e-applications.
ADB has also supported various ICT programs unde regional cooperation programs such as Central Asia Regional Economic Cooperation(CARES),Greter Mekong Subregion(GMS), and South Asia Subregional Economic Cooperation(SASEC).Under CAREC, ICT were mainstreamed in trade facilitation,customs modernization, eductaion.
ADB has two ICT trust funds: (i) the Japan Fund for Information and Communication
Technology (JFICT) and (ii) Republic of
Korea’s e-Asia and Knowledge Partnership Fund.
There are 11 loan projects and 57 technical assistance and grant projects.