This document serves as a draft version 1.1 of the Final
Executive Briefing on WSIS Forum 2010. Additions to this
report will be made as and when submissions are received
from session organizers and focal points.
Partnership On Measuring ICT For Development: Monitoring The WSIS
Information Society was one of the key outcomes of the
WSIS*. The year 2010 marks the midpoint between the Tunis
phase of the WSIS and 2015, the deadline for achieving the
WSIS targets, in line with the target date of the MDGs. It
is therefore critical to review progress made on the ten
WSIS targets, based on measurable indicators. So far, no
international monitoring mechanism has been established that
allows countries to track progress on the targets. The
Partnership on Measuring ICT for Development has developed a
core list of ICT indicators that are increasingly collected
at the national and international level, but the WSIS
targets are broad and go beyond these indicators.
The WSIS Forum session on
"Measuring the WSIS targets",
which was organized by the Partnership, presented the
findings of the ITU's World Telecommunication/ICT
Development Report 2010 and was attended by more than 80
participants from national, regional and international
organizations and from civil society. The report represents
the first effort to monitor the WSIS Targets and has been
prepared as a collaborative effort with other UN agencies
and WSIS stakeholders. The report identifies a set of
measurable indicators for each WSIS target and reviews the
status of the targets based on available data.
The available evidence points to considerable differences
between developed and developing countries in each of the
targets, with developing countries still lagging behind for
most of the indicators identified. Good progress has been
made since WSIS on improving connectivity via mobile
technologies, TV and radio coverage, Internet access in
central governments, research institutions; schools,
hospitals, libraries, museums in major cities of developing
countries. Substantial challenges remain, however. For
example, 80% of people in developing countries are still not
using the Internet, let alone via a broadband connection,
and most households, schools, health centers and other
public institutions outside urban areas are still not
connected. Language diversity on the Internet is also still
very limited and the report highlights not only the
persisting broadband divide, but also a content divide,
which policy makers need to address.
The presentations made by representatives of the
organizations that collaborated on the report (namely, ITU,
UNESCO/UIS, WHO, UNDESA, and FUNREDES) explained the
rationale and background for each target, listed the
proposed indicators that could be used to monitor countries'
progress towards achieving the targets, and highlighted some
conclusions and policy recommendations. ECLAC's work on
monitoring Information Society goals in Latin America,
closely related to the WSIS targets, was also presented.
*The WSIS Plan of Action
and Tunis Agenda highlighted the importance of benchmarking
and measuring progress towards the information society using
indicators and statistics that are comparable at the
Sustainability of the WSIS Implementation through Stocktaking
"Sustainability of the WSIS Implementation through
Stocktaking Process" was successfully held on Tuesday 11 May
2010 during WSIS Forum 2010. The Session was started with
the welcome remarks of Jaroslaw Ponder, Strategy and Policy
Advisor, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
following with presentation "WSIS Implementation through
Stocktaking Process". The Format of Session was structured
by state-of-practices, case studies presented by different
categories of stakeholders : governments, international
organizations and civil society from diverse regions of the
world in carrying out practical ICT impact assessments.
The first case study was
devoted to Egypt, presented by Hoda Baraka, First Deputy to
minister of MCIT, Ministry of Communication and Information
Technology, Egypt .The presentation was focused on
The second case study was presented by Bohyun Seo, Executive
Director from Korea Information Society Development
Institute (KISDI) with presentation "Korea's Efforts for
WSIS Action Lines."
The next case study was presented by Linda Orr-Easo, Global
Network Manager from CERN focusing on Social Networking with
the new launched project "CERN Global Network".
The diversity of
stakeholders demonstrated the inclusiveness of Stocktaking
Process. It is open for all categories of stakeholders. The
outcomes of this Session was to leverage the activities
implemented at the national level in different countries and
in addition to leverage the efforts of international
organizations towards 2015. Social Networking becomes very
important element of daily life for every citizen globally.
The WSIS Stocktaking Process including two main directions:
WSIS Stocktaking Platform and Regular WSIS Stocktaking
Reports recognize and appreciate the value of the efforts
invested in WSIS Implementation by stakeholders. The case
studies could serve as the guidelines for other stakeholders
to join WSIS Stocktaking Process in order to showcase the
achievements completed at the national level. The majority
of participants during Session discussed and agreed that
WSIS Stocktaking Process should be focused not just on the
collecting information but also on the analytical aspects
and case studies development in order to give more
visibility to countries and other stakeholders in the
project implementation. According to the outcomes of this
Session, WSIS Stocktaking Process will continue to collect
and provide the information, to select the best practices,
to develop case studies and to improve the social networking
Tunis Agenda on for the
Information Society, more precisely its Para 101 proposed
implementation mechanism at the regional level, as follows:
Upon request from governments, regional intergovernmental
organizations in collaboration with other stakeholders
should carry out WSIS implementation activities, exchanging
information and best practices at the regional level, as
well as facilitating policy debate on the use of ICT for
development, with a focus on attaining the internationally
agreed development goals and objectives, including the
Millennium Development Goals. UN Regional Commissions, based
on request of Member States and within approved budgetary
resources, may organize regional WSIS follow-up activities
in collaboration with regional and sub-regional
organizations, with appropriate frequency, as well as
assisting Member States with technical and relevant
information for the development of regional strategies and
the implementation of the outcomes of regional conferences.
The purpose of this meeting is to discuss the follow-up on
the implementation of the WSIS outcomes at the regional
level. Session will include the contributions of the
representatives of the UN Regional Commissions, followed by
a general discussion.
Assessing The Impact of ICT on Development - WSIS And MDGs
Organized by ITU / UNU
This session presented
initial results of a collaborative project carried out by
ITU and UNU aimed at developing an impact assessment
framework of ICT for development initiatives. A conceptual
framework that is being developed to guide program managers
and countries in improving the design of their ICT for
Development (ICT4D) portfolios for higher impact potential
on the development goals like the MDGs was presented. The
session also addressed how to increase the impact of the
WSIS process on the MDGs process by connecting initiatives
across the WSIS Action Lines with ICT-enabled outcomes
related to MDGs.
The session was
structured into four parts:
A joint presentation was
made by Mr Tomasz Janowski from UNU and Mr Jaroslaw Ponder
from ITU on the aim, objectives, methodology, initial
results achieved and the remaining work on the project. They
explained that the project had four main objectives: (i) to
investigate the impact of WSIS Action Lines on the MDGs
process, (ii) to establish the actual needs of
practitioners, member states and international organizations
in effectively assessing the impact of their ICT4D
initiatives (WSIS Action Line projects) on MDGs, (iii) to
provide an annotated repository of resources (frameworks,
toolkits, etc.) to guide practitioners on the use of
existing ICT Impact Assessment models, frameworks and
measurement systems, and (iv) to develop a system for
monitoring the impact WSIS process on the MDGs process,
integrated with the WSIS Stocktaking platform.
Mr Adegboyega Ojo,
Research Fellow at UNU-IIST and Senior Lecturer, Department
of Computer Sciences, University of Lagos, Nigeria presented
an overview of the foundational aspects of ICT impact
assessment grounded in development theories and social
impact assessment models.
Mr Patrick Kalas from
the Swiss Development Cooperation touched upon the
difficulties faced while assessing the impact of ICTs for
Development. He shared his experiences in the area of data
collection and assessment of ICT for development projects.
Ms Gitanjali Sah
provided examples of state-of-practice case studies from
around the world in carrying out practical ICT impact
assessments, including examples of projects on ground that
draw a clear link and relation between the WSIS Action Lines
and the MDGs.
Following the last
speaker, the floor was opened for discussion, the
participants commended the objectives of the project and
echoed that since it is half way towards achieving the MDGs
and WSIS Goals by 2015, such a project is the need of the
hour. All participants present endorsed the project
activities. They also highlighted the difficulties in
assessing ICT4D projects, particularly in the area of
qualitative measurements. Members present offered full
support and collaboration for the project..
The financing of
Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) for
development is an important area to address in the context
of promoting a more inclusive global information society.
Wider diffusion and better use of ICTs can help achieve the
goals outlined in the Millennium Declaration in a more
effective manner. In April 2006, UNGIS (United Nations Group
on the Information Society) was endorsed by the UN-Chief
Executives Board (CEB) as the new inter-agency mechanism
with the main objective to coordinate substantive and policy
issues facing the United Nations' implementation of the
outcomes of the WSIS. This session provided an update of the
activities of the UNGIS and provided a platform for
discussion and debate on issues concerning Financial
Mechanisms for ICTD.
The WSIS Tunis Agenda
for the Information Society (November 2005) recognizes the
scale of the challenge in bridging the digital divide, which
will require adequate and sustainable investments in ICT
infrastructure and services, and capacity building, and
transfer of technology over many years to come. There is a
continuous need to evaluate how existing as well as new
financial mechanisms can support greater access and use of
ICTs in developing countries. Following a recommendation by
the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC),
UNGIS organized Open Consultations on Financial Mechanisms
for Meeting the Challenges of ICT for Development that took
place from 8-9 October 2009 in Geneva, Switzerland.
Conclusions of the Chaimen's report on the Open
Consultations on Finanacial Mechanisms were shared during
this session. The objective of this session was to further
build upon the results of the Consultations.
The session profited
from five contributions by representatives of ITU, UNESCO,
UNCTAD UNECA, and a key note by H.E. Mr Sardar Muhammad L.
Khan Khosa, Minister of Information Technology, Pakistan.
provided an overview of main conclusions from the Open
Consultations on Financing Mechanisms for ICT4D:
The financing of ICT
for development remains a significant challenge.
throughout the consultations emphasized the
importance of continuously exploring new financing
mechanisms, and to leverage the various types of
competence of different stakeholders.
The role of
multi-stakeholder partnerships was underlined by
many. Similarly, there was a need to draw on large-scale
international financing sources (such as foreign
direct investment or multilateral lending) as well as
small-scale microfinance solutions. Each form of
financial mechanism has its benefits and disadvantages,
and may serve more or less well in different situations
according to the context of the region.
developments with regard to financing infrastructure and
access, especially with regard to mobile
Areas in need of
particular attention include the development of local
content and applications, as well as raising
sufficient resources to build the required capacity
in developing countries.
and opening up to competition has been important to
generate private sector involvement, and to foster
innovative business models, as well as financing
Rural and remote
areas still lag in terms of connectivity –
especially with regard to Internet and broadband. It is
not always possible to find sustainable business models
for the investments needed, what remains as one of the
More open markets
underlines the importance of developing the capacity
of regulatory and other public authorities to
monitor and regulate the markets.
The importance of
infrastructure sharing was underlined by many
speakers as a way to reduce the costs involved in
rolling out infrastructure.
over the Universal Access Funds remain: Some
highlight the important experiences enabling
communication services in rural and/or isolated regions,
others question their effectiveness. Again, financial
resources need to be supplemented by human resources
question on UAFs is whether such funds should also
address mobile, Internet and even broadband access as a
microfinancing remains an important financial
mechanism, taking into account high innovation dynamics
in ICTs it is confronted with new challenges and
opportunities in areas such as agriculture, education,
jobs, transportation and health.
investments and high risk projects were considered
as major challenges regarding financing mechanisms for
development. Investors normally seek low risks projects
and investments, especially in rural and remote areas.
sustainability remains still a challenge for
financing the ICT for development. In this context it is
important to involve local users, local content experts
and building applications that work on existing
infrastructure to ensure access and relevance for those
most in need.
financial crisis can be perceived as having negative
impacts in the context of the financial mechanisms for
development, it can also be seen as an opportunity to
provide structural changes in the economy as well as the
emergence of disruptive technologies.
Debate on the
financial mechanisms needs also to take into account
new emerging issues relevant for the developing
countries. As an example may be used recycling.
In follow up to the open
consultations the UNGIS Secretariat has carried out several
of electronic documents related to the ongoing debate on
the financial mechanisms for meeting challenges of ICT
for development has been created and launched on the
Building upon the
outcomes of the meeting, UNGIS secretariat has
contributed to several meetings, including Inter-sessional
Panel meeting of the CSTD (November 2009),
ICT4All Forum (November 2009), WSIS Forum 2010
(May 2010), etc.
The UNGIS has
prepared Chairs' Report forwarded as contribution to
the ECOSOC process, responding to its Resolution
2008/3. UNGIS is also considers the possibility of
holding a parallel event during future ECOSOC
meetings, drawing attention to the meaning and
importance of debate on the mechanisms in the context of
global development agenda of UN.
High Level Segment
of the Sixth meeting of UNGIS agreed to Ensure effective
interagency follow-up to UNGIS' Open Consultation on
Financial Mechanisms. It will include analysis of
different types of financing mechanisms and sharing
innovative ideas and country experiences, including
through an UNGIS publication to be released in
In his key note speech
Mr Sardar Muhammad L. Khan Khosa, Minister of Information
Technology, Pakistan, drew attention to the recent
developments related to the ICT sector development in
Pakistan. He highlighted the challenges related to the roll
out of the broadband infrastructure and services that may be
provided over high capacity networks. Pakistan is working
extensively on infrastructure project development facilities
also establishing several developing technology parks
driving innovation in ICT sector. Regarding the public funds
there are two funds in Pakistan, a) Universal Access Fund
focuses on expansion of broadband connectivity, mainly in
rural areas, b) ICT Research and Development Fund is used
for human capacity development, including setting up the
universities, training teachers, establishing laboratories,
granting scholarships etc.
All participants present
appreciated the efforts made by the UNGIS and agreed upon
the need and the urgency for the continuation of the UNGIS
efforts towards addressing the Part B of the Tunis Agenda.
It was underlined that UNGIS is the only stakeholder that
has made concerted efforts towards the conceptualization of
a framework for Financial Mechanisms for ICT4D focused
events and activities. The presentations were followed by an
engaging discussion on the different models of financing for
sustainable projects. It was highlighted that in the area of
ICTs, infrastructure is not the only thing where financing
is needed. Content, regulatory frameworks and social set ups
have an equally important role to play. Different ways of
financing and the difficulties in fund raising were also
discussed. National mechanisms, usually Universal Access
Funds still require much more focus. There is a lot of
positive developments in this area that need to be captured.
Unbundling and infrastructure sharing becomes more and more
popular. Countries need to learn from the best practices in
order to advance in achievement of the connectivity goals.
National e-strategies for development play an important
role, however it is necessary to make sure that they
emphasize on poverty reduction through effective and
efficient use of the ICTs.
full support and commitment to the UNGIS to work towards an
equitable and just information society.
Ms. Hoda Baraka,
First Deputy to the Minister of Communications and
Information Technology of the Arab Republic of Egypt,
Ms. Xiaoya Yang,
Head, WTSA Programmes Division, Telecommunication
Standardization Bureau (TSB), ITU, Geneva, Switzerland.
Ms. Nurani Nimpuno,
Outreach & Communications, Netnod/Autonomica, Stockholm,
Ms. Katitza Pereda
Rodriguez, International Rights Director, Electronic
Frontier Foundation, San Francisco, USA.
Mr. Waudo Siganga,
Chairman, Computer Society of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya.
Markus Kummer, Executive Coordinator, IGF Secretariat,
The panel was held as an
interactive session, representing all stakeholder groups. It
informed about the preparations for fifth annual meeting of
the Internet Governance Forum (IGF), which will take place
in Vilnius, Lithuania, on 14-17 September 2010. The session
took place against the backdrop of the discussions on the
possible renewal of the original five year mandate by the
General Assembly of the United Nations at the end of 2010.
The panel presented different perspectives on the value of
the IGF and on how it could be improved.
The meeting was told
that preparatory process for this year's annual IGF meeting
in Vilnius was well underway. The programme builds on those
of the previous years, with some improvements. There will be
more open dialogue sessions and better linkages between
workshops and main sessions. Also, there will be a space for
regional and national IGF meetings to report back to the
meeting. This year, a new theme will be introduced: Internet
governance for development. This session will, among other
things, explore how Internet governance relates to
development, in particular the Millennium Development Goals
(MDGs). Furthermore, the traditional taking stock session
will look at the broad Internet governance landscape and
examine what has changed since the first IGF meeting in
Athens in 2006.
In a first round,
panellists discussed the value they or their respective
stakeholder group saw in the IGF, whether it had proved
useful or whether it had an impact.
Ms. Baraka praised the
IGF meeting in Sharm El Sheikh for its success in attracting
a great number of participants from all stakeholder groups.
She noted that the IGF had a positive impact that helped
promote policy dialogue at many levels. Ms. Baraka stressed
the importance of regional IGFs for those who cannot attend
the global meeting. She also mentioned as one important
achievement the approval of the Internationalized Domain
Name country-code Top-Level Domain (ccTLD) for Egypt in
Arabic script (.masr). When asked whether the IGF process
had influenced this development, Ms. Baraka said that in her
personal opinion the IGF had helped accelerate the process.
Ms. Yang presented the
ITU and its leading role in ICTs as a truly global
organization with governments and the private sector among
its membership, working to promote cooperation at the global
level. She recalled that WSIS was the starting point of the
IGF and also at the origins of the multistakeholder approach
and she highlighted the importance of the Tunis Agenda and
the commitments contained therein.
Ms. Nimpuno gave a
technical community perspective. She recalled that there had
been some scepticism towards the IGF at the beginning. As
the IGF evolved, more people started to see value in the
process and in the networking opportunities during the
From the civil society
point of view, Ms. Rodriguez welcomed the openness of the
IGF, which allowed a collaborative approach to its agenda
setting. This was a unique opportunity for groups
representing the interests of the civil society. Ms.
Rodriguez also agreed on the value of the IGF for networking
and reaching out in one single place to those who would like
to put their messages forward, making efficient use of the
limited resources of civil society groups.
Mr. Siganga, as a
private sector representative, recalled that, before the IGF,
business was a "consumer of policy", that is of policy made
by the governments. The IGF, in this sense, was a milestone
for opening the doors to participation in policy making. Mr.
Siganga also presented the East Africa IGF which was now in
its third year and was connecting the five countries of the
region through the exchange of information and the sharing
of best practices.
In a second round,
panellists discussed how the IGF could be improved. Several
suggestions were made, with an emphasis on increasing
efforts in capacity building, developing country
participation and improving the links with national and
regional meetings. Ms. Barak emphasized the importance of
national and regional IGF type meetings and said more
efforts should be made to link them to the annual global
event. This was also echoed by other panellists as well as
in the interaction with the floor.
In Ms. Yang's analysis,
there was room to increase inclusiveness, effectiveness,
democracy and transparency of the IGF and its interface with
IGOs and institutions on matters under their purview.
Both Ms. Nimpuno and Mr.
Siganga spoke out in favour of a further evolution of the
IGF while keeping its basic principles of inclusiveness and
multistakeholder participation on an equal footing.
One speaker from the
floor described the IGF as a unique experiment. The
multistakeholder format in his view had proved necessary for
some discussions to reframe common issues from a
confrontational to a collaborative perspective.