||Defined in the International Telecommunication Regulations
as "The rate agreed between administrations (or recognized private operating
agencies) in a given relation that is used for the establishment of international
||The service of originating a telephone, fax or other
telecommunication call from the calling party
||The service of terminating a telephone, fax or other
telecommunication call to the called party.
Defined in the International Telecommunication Regulations as "The rate agreed
between administrations (or recognized private operating agencies) in a given relation
that is used for the establishment of international accounts".
|Call termination charge:
||Call termination charge: A charge applied by a carrier
for terminating a call which might be either:
a single charge applied to all incoming traffic under a traditional half-circuit
regime, applied in a cost-oriented, non-discriminatory and transparent manner; or
an unbundled termination charge broken down into the basic cost elements of
international transmission, international gateway and national extension, and possibly an
element of subsidy.
||A term used to describe a system in which a carrier,
or an alliance of carriers, pays the full cost of an international circuit up to the point
of interconnection to the network of a foreign operator, on the territory of that
||A term used to describe a system in which two or more
carriers jointly share the cost of an international circuit between origination and
|Least developed country (LDC):
||A term which refers to the 48 countries and territories which
are recognized by the United Nations General Assembly as being among the least developed
countries and which are accorded special priority for the purpose of granting assistance.
|Modes of delivery:
||The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) recognises
four modes of delivery of traded services:
- Cross-border supply: the supply of a service, such as an international telephone call,
from the territory of one WTO Member into that of any other;
- Consumption abroad: the supply of a service in the territory of one WTO Member to a
service consumer, for instance a tourist, of any other ;
- Commercial presence: the supply of a service by a service supplier of one WTO Member,
through commercial presence in the territory of any other, for instance by establishing a
- Presence of natural persons: the supply of a service by a service supplier of one WTO
Member, through presence of natural persons, for instance employees of that service
supplier, in the territory of any other.
||The net payment made in settlement of international
telecommunication accounts between two carriers where traffic in one direction exceeds
that flowing in the other direction.
||The rate at which the balance of international
telecommunication accounts is payable; normally half the accounting rate..
|Trade in telecommunications:
||A term defined in ITU's 1997 "World Telecommunication
Development Report: Trade in Telecommunications" as "Sales of
telecommunication equipment or services that cross national borders". Trade in
telecommunication services also covers "transactions" that cross national
borders which would cover foreign investment, such as the acquisition of shares in
telephone companies by foreign investors, or joint ventures between local and foreign
partners to establish new telecommunication service companies.