Ladies and gentlemen,
In a remarkably short space of time, information and communication technologies
have become the keystone of modern society – as essential to development and
prosperity as conventional networks such as transport, power and water.
As technologies advance and applications multiply, high-speed always-on
broadband access is an increasingly critical platform for business activity of
all kinds, as well as for the delivery of services ranging from entertainment
and interpersonal interaction, to education and health.
But the very tool that is bringing us a host of exciting and empowering new
services is also bringing with it a special set of risks.
The proliferation of always-on connections is creating a vast global network of
open conduits which can carry all kinds of malware.
This is not just a question of viruses and Trojan horses, but also spyware that
installs itself on a computer and then transmits personal information – secretly
logging keystrokes, recording web browsing history, or scanning information on
the computer’s hard disk.
Indeed, most of today’s viruses are not designed to disable a machine or destroy
data, but rather to enlist a computer into a vast network of ‘zombies’ which
cyber-criminals can use for nefarious purposes, without the user’s knowledge.
Up to 80% of all spam is now believed to be sent by such zombies. This not only
helps spammers avoid detection, it dramatically cuts their costs, since the
computer’s owner also unwittingly pays for the bandwidth.
The World Summit on the Information Society recognized that ICTs, and the
enormous benefits they can bring, cannot flourish in the absence of user trust
and confidence in the online world.
That is why, as facilitator of WSIS Action Line C5 on Building Confidence and
Security in the use of ICTs, ITU took the important step of launching the Global
Cybersecurity Agenda, or GCA.
Remarkably, given the scale and global nature of the problem, the GCA represents
the first international strategy to counter cybercrime. Designed as a framework
for cooperation and response, it focuses on building partnerships and effective
collaboration between all relevant parties.
I believe that one of ITU’s greatest strengths is this ability to bring key
decision makers together on an equitable footing, to share expertise and build
consensus around critical issues such as these.
International cooperation is absolutely crucial to our success.
We are therefore most privileged to have the support of global leaders including
Nobel Peace Laureate Dr Óscar Arias Sánchez, President of the Republic of Costa
Rica, and President Blaise Compaoré of Burkina Faso.
And we are proud have forged a strong and highly supportive relationship with
Malaysia’s IMPACT – the International Multilateral Partnership Against
Cyber-Threats – which last year culminated in a Memorandum of Understanding that
has seen IMPACT’s headquarters in Cyberjaya, Kuala Lumpur, become the physical
home of the GCA.
The world’s first global public-private initiative against cyberthreats, this
collaboration provides ITU’s 191 Member States with the expertise, facilities,
information, and rapid access to resources to effectively address actual and
IMPACT’s state-of-the-art Global Response Centre has been designed to serve as
the world’s foremost cyberthreat resource centre, providing a real-time
aggregated early warning system that helps countries quickly identify
cyberthreats, and offering expert guidance on effective counter measures.
It also provides governments with a unique electronic tool to enable authorized
cyber-experts in different countries to pool resources and collaborate with each
other remotely and securely, helping the global community respond immediately to
The first phase of physical deployment has already been launched in some 20
countries, with further deployment in another 50 countries planned during the
To promote capacity building, IMPACT will also conduct training and skills
development programmes delivered in collaboration with leading ICT companies and
institutions. At the same time, the organization’s Centre for Security Assurance
& Research will work with leading ICT experts to develop global best practice
guidelines, creating international benchmarks and acting as an independent,
internationally recognized, voluntary certification body for cybersecurity.
Finally, under ITU leadership, IMPACT’s Centre for Policy & International
Cooperation will work with partners including UN agencies, Interpol, the Council
of Europe, the OECD and others to formulate new policies on cybersecurity and
help promote the harmonization of national laws relating to cyberthreats and
Complementing IMPACT’s Malaysia-based facilities, ITU will also host a ‘virtual
showcase’ here in Geneva, profiling the new early warning system, crisis
management capabilities and real-time analysis of global cyber threats.
Ladies and gentlemen,
Here at ITU, we have also been taking concrete actions within the Development
and Standardization Bureaus.
The Development Bureau has finalized two key deliverables in the area of
cybercrime: the ‘ITU Cybercrime Legislation Toolkit’, and ‘Understanding
Cybercrime: A Guide for Developing Countries’. These are both part of our
efforts to assist countries in understanding the legal aspects of cybersecurity
and to help harmonize legal frameworks.
A new version of the ‘ITU National Self Assessment toolkit’ has also been
finalized by BDT and is now available.
Furthermore, following the MoU with IMPACT, a team in BDT has been set up to
start the deployment of cybersecurity capabilities – specifically on Incident
Management and the establishment of Computer Incident Response Teams (CIRTs).
Capacity building activities in these areas will be initiated during the
upcoming Cybersecurity Forum for the Arab and African region which is taking
place in Tunisia early next month.
In the Standardization Bureau, I am pleased to report that collaboration
continues with other standards bodies and that the activities of Study Group 17
were adjusted at WTSA-08 to focus on security.
SG-17’s new initiatives include the development of a report on the business use
of ICT/telecommunication security standards, and the establishment of a
correspondence group on the trusted exchange of network digital forensics –
which are absolutely indispensable for establishing criminal activities online,
and prosecuting criminals at a global level.
These steps constitute great progress towards an urgently-needed coordinated
global approach to cybersecurity.
But they are still not enough. As family members ourselves, we can’t help but be
aware that children are among the most vulnerable groups being targeted by
The web can be a dangerous neighbourhood for children, who are often sent out
into cyberspace alone and unprotected, simply because their guardians do not
fully understand the risks.
That’s why ITU recently launched our Child Online Protection initiative, a
multi-stakeholder coalition under the GCA framework dedicated to the protection
of children online.
According to recent surveys, over 60 per cent of children and teenagers with
access Internet access talk in chat rooms on a daily basis.
Three quarters of children online are willing to freely share personal
information about themselves and their family in exchange for goods and
And one in five of those online children will be targeted by a cyber-predator or
paedophile each year.
ITU’s Child Online Protection initiative was presented at the High Level Segment of
ITU Council 2008,, where it was endorsed by Heads of State, Ministers and
heads of international organizations from around the world.
The initiative will see ITU work with policy makers, educators, industry, the
media, NGOs, UN agencies like UNICEF, UNIDIR and UNICRI – and of course children
themselves – to promote awareness and develop effective strategies to protect
To throw the global spotlight on this issue, ITU Members chose ‘Protecting
Children in Cyberspace’ as the theme of this year’s World Telecommunication and
Information Society Day, which marks the founding of ITU on 17 May 1865, 144
At yesterday’s WTISD Awards Ceremony and launch of a year-long Child Online
Protection campaign with Interpol, I was pleased to be able to salute the three
laureates: former FCC Commissioner Deborah Tate; President Lula of Brazil; and
Rob Conway, CEO of the GSM Association.
The net cannot flourish as a facilitator of learning, as a platform for
e-health, as a key driver of trade and commerce, and as a global communications
channel, if users lack faith in the security of the online world.
Criminals should no longer be able to hide behind legal loopholes and regulatory
inconsistencies. Nations with less well-developed ICT legislation should no
longer find themselves host to nefarious online activities. And even the world’s
most disadvantaged states deserve to have an effective shield with which to
I believe ITU is uniquely well-placed to serve as the broker and coordinating
agency for such making the information society safer and more secure. We have a
long and successful history of building multi-stakeholder consensus on globally
shared ICT resources – such as satellite orbits and the radiofrequency spectrum.
We are a truly globally representative body whose mandate has always been based
on cooperation, and on partnership.
And I am very grateful for your support.