SUGGESTED DISCUSSION OUTLINE


PART I - INTRODUCTION

1. HOW DOES THE EVOLVING WORLD TRADE REGIME IMPACT TELECOMMUNICATIONS? WHY DOES IT MATTER?

2. WTO's UNIQUE FEATURES

a) What is the language of trade? Its processes and procedures?

For example:

b) Provisions in the Marrakech Agreement concerning developing countries.

c) What is Scope of the Dispute Settlement Undertaking (DSU)?

3. VARIOUS PLAYERS

4. BROAD EFFECTS ON TELECOM INDUSTRY


PART II - WTO'S PRACTICAL IMPACT ON WHAT REGULATORS DO AND
HOW THEY DO IT

A. 1. Some fundamental questions

2. What are "Baseline" Obligations?

3. What Further Obligations Exist Today?

Flowing from:

4. NGBT: What benefits may be expected from liberalizing basic telecoms in the NGBT context? Do all players "gain"? If not, who might lose and why?

5. What kinds of obligations might arise from the NGBT process?

B. WTO Impact on National Telecommunication Regimes: How Does a Regulator Behave in the Light of the WTO Commitments? Transparency

1. What is the Transparency Obligation?

a) .Baseline obligations of GATS & Annex.

....Additional obligations of scheduled commitments and NGBT process.

b) What specific measures must be taken?

2. What other institutional/procedural requirements?

C. WTO Impact on National Telecommunications Regulatory Regimes: How Does a Regulator Behave in the Light of the WTO Commitments? Substantive Issues

1. Market Access Commitments

a) Operation: How must a regulator treat foreign carriers seeking market access to operate in its territory with respect to:

b) Investment: How must a regulator treat foreign investors in its domestic communications industry?

2. Licensing

a) How does WTO regime change what regulators license?

b) Is there a requirement or presumption in favour of open entry in issuing licenses? (For example, can a regulator turn down a third entrant (domestic or foreign) if it considers that the market could be satisfied by the first two licensees?)

c) In what other ways is a regulator's discretion in issuing licenses affected?

3. Interconnection, and accounting rates/termination charges

How might the WTO regime change regulator's decisions concerning interconnection?

4. Competition Safeguards

5. Frequency Spectrum

6. Other issues


PART III - IMPACT ON DEVELOPING WORLD


PART IV- WHO/ITU INTERFACE