Defined in the International Telecommunication Regulations as "The rate agreed between
administrations (or recognized private operating agencies) in a given relation that is used for the
establishment of international accounts".
The service of originating a telephone, fax or other telecommunication call from the calling party.
The service of terminating a telephone, fax or other telecommunication call to the called party.
Call termination charge:
A charge applied by a carrier for terminating a call which might be either:
- a single charge applied to all incoming traffic under a traditional
half-circuit regime, applied in a cost-oriented, non-discriminatory and transparent manner; or
- an unbundled termination charge broken down into the basic cost
elements of international transmission, international gateway and national extension, and possibly
an element of subsidy.
A term used to describe a system in which a carrier, or an alliance of carriers, pays the full cost of an
international circuit up to the point of interconnection to the network of a foreign operator, on the territory
of that operator.
A term used to describe a system in which two or more carriers jointly share the cost of an international
circuit between origination and termination.
Least Developed Countries (LDCs):
A term which refers to the 48 countries and territories which are recognized by the United Nations General
Assembly as being among the least developed countries and which are accorded special priority for the purpose of
Modes of delivery:Consumption abroad: the supply of a service in the territory of one WTO Member
to a service consumer, for instance a tourist, of any other ;
Commercial presence: the supply of a service by a service supplier of one WTO
Member, through commercial presence in the territory of any other, for instance by establishing a local
Presence of natural persons: the supply of a service by a service supplier of
one WTO Member, through presence of natural persons, for instance employees of that service supplier, in the
territory of any other.
The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) recognises four modes of delivery of traded services:
Cross-border supply: the supply of a service, such as an international
telephone call, from the territory of one WTO Member into that of any other;
The net payment made in settlement of international telecommunication accounts between two carriers where
traffic in one direction exceeds that flowing in the other direction.
The rate at which the balance of international telecommunication accounts is payable; normally half the
Trade in telecommunications:
A term defined in ITU's 1997 "World Telecommunication Development Report: Trade in
Telecommunications" as "Sales of telecommunication equipment or services that cross national
borders". Trade in telecommunication services also covers "transactions" that cross national
borders which would cover foreign investment, such as the acquisition of shares in telephone companies by
foreign investors, or joint ventures between local and foreign partners to establish new telecommunication