Committed to connecting the world

Anglia Ruskin University (United Kingdom)
Southern African Development Community
Computer Network Information Center of the Chinese Academy o (China)
Centre d
4G Americas
Institut National de la Poste et des Technologies de l
Universidad Galileo (Guatemala)
TelOne (Pvt) Limited
JSC Intellect-Telecom (Russian Federation)
Naif Arab University for Security Sciences NAUSS (Saudi Arabia)
Bharti Airtel Limited
Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd. (BSNL) [ROA] (India (Republic of))
Türk Telekom Group (Turkey)
Société Nationale des Télécommunications du Sénégal (SONATEL)
Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) [OTHER ENTITY] (India (Republic of))
Symantec Corporation [SIO] (United States of America)
Makedonski Telekom AD - Skopje (The Former Yugoslav Rep. of Macedonia)
Centro de Capacitación en Alta Tecnologia para Latino América y el Caribe (CCATLAT)
King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (Saudi Arabia)
Center for Teleinfrastruktur - Aalborg University (Denmark)
Universiti Sains Malaysia (Malaysia)
Global Knowledge Partnership Foundation (International)
CMPak Limited (Pakistan)
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (United States)
University Utara Malaysia (Malaysia)
Secretariat of the Pacific Community [REGINTORG] (Fiji (Republic of))
BH Telecom [ROA] (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
European Conference of Postal and Telecommunications Administrations
DAISY Consortium [REGINTORG] ()
AzEuroTel JV



Norwegian Research Center for Computers and Law

The NRCCL was one of the first academic institutions to take up the challenges posed by information and communication technology (ICT) to law and legal research. In 1970, Professor Knut S Selmer asked his then newly appointed research assistant Jon Bing to look into the issue of “computers and law”. The first result was a seminar arranged on 16 March 1970, which the NRCCL has since set as its date of birth. The seminar resulted in various requests for research on the interaction of ICT and law – and the Department of Private Law created the NRCCL as a framework for this research.

Despite its title, the NRCCL has always been internationally oriented and actively engaged in numerous international projects and events. The NRCCL also formally cooperates with a large number of sister institutions around the globe.

Today, the NRCCL is established as one of the world's leading academic institutions in the field of ICT law. It has cutting-edge expertise in all major areas of the field. It also helps run a Master Degree programme in ICT Law for international and Norwegian students. The programme has a solid reputation and attracts post-graduate students from all over the world.

The NRCCL cooperates with researchers at its host-institution, the Department of Private Law at the Faculty of Law, University of Oslo. Additionally, it houses the Section for eGovernment Studies (SeGov). The latter runs an interdisciplinary research and teaching programme at bachelor and master degree level in cooperation with three other faculties (natural science, humanities and social science).

CategoryEducation & Research
Based inNorway
ITU Global DirectoryNorwegian Research Center for Computers and Law
Head of research center    
Mr Lee A. Bygrave

Lee A. Bygrave was born in 1963. He was awarded a Doctorate of Laws (dr. juris) at the University of Oslo in 2000. Prior to this, he was awarded the degrees of Bachelor of Arts (Honours) in 1985 and Bachelor of Laws (Honours) in 1989 – both from the Australian National University, Canberra. He is currently Professor at the Department of Private Law, University of Oslo.

Within the Department of Private Law, Bygrave is currently Director of the Norwegian Research Center for Computers and Law. He is additionally a research associate (formerly founding co-director) of the Cyberspace Law and Policy Centre at the University of New South Wales, Sydney.

His teaching appointments range across numerous institutions, including the universities of Vienna, Stockholm, Tilburg, Tartu, New South Wales and Oslo. At the latter, Bygrave is one of the principal teachers of the LL.M. program in Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Law. He is also in charge of teaching English law of contract.

For the past three decades, Bygrave has been deeply involved in research and policy development of ICT regulation. He has functioned as expert advisor on various aspects of ICT regulatory policy for the European Commission, Nordic Council of Ministers, Computer Science and Technology Board of the US National Academies, UK House of Lords Committee on the Constitution, Norwegian Government, Telenor, and Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers.

Bygrave has published particularly extensively within the field of privacy/data protection law where his two principal books on the subject – Data Protection Law: Approaching Its Rationale, Logic and Limits (Kluwer Law International, 2002) and Data Privacy Law: An International Perspective (Oxford University Press, 2014) – are widely acknowledged as standard international texts.

Much of his current research focuses on internet regulation. He is co-author and principle editor of Internet Governance: Infrastructure and Institutions (Oxford University Press, 2009), and he heads a major research project, “Security in Internet Governance and Networks: Analysing the Law”, with funding from the Norwegian Research Council and UNINETT Norid AS. His most recent book – Internet Governance by Contract (Oxford University Press, 2015) – critically examines the contractual frameworks for the development and use of internet infrastructure.

Bygrave serves on the editorial boards of Oslo Law Review, Computer Law & Security Review (Elsevier), Internet Policy Review (Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society) and International Data Privacy Law (Oxford University Press).

Special fields

• Privacy and data protection law
• Internet governance
• Information security
• Computer crime
• Intellectual property law
• Private international law
• Alternative dispute resolution