WRC-12 MEDIA BACKGROUND INFORMATION
The World Radiocommunication Conference will open in Geneva, 23 January - 17 February 2012.
The outcome of this international treaty-making conference will have worldwide
ramifications in the field of communications.
The 2012 World Radiocommunication Conference (WRC-12) will focus on the following:
- Review and revise the international regulatory framework for radiocommunications –Radio Regulations – to reflect
the increasing convergence in radio services arising from the rapid evolution of information and communication technologies (ICT).
- Management of scarce radio-frequency spectrum to provide new opportunities for radiocommunication services, including those for
maritime and aeronautical transport as well as for scientific purposes related to the environment, meteorology and
climatology, disaster prediction, mitigation and relief.
- Management of satellite orbital slots and associated spectrum resources.
- The introduction of mobile broadband and other advanced technologies, the use of digital
dividend resulting from the switch over to digital TV and the development of Ultra High Definition Television (UHDTV).
The World Radiocommunication Conference, held every three to four years, is mandated to review and revise
the Radio Regulations, the international treaty governing the use of radio-frequency spectrum and satellite orbits.
WRC-12 will facilitate the management of scarce orbit/spectrum resources in the interest of end-users, with global
implications for both policy-makers and the industry.
The ITU Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R) plays a vital role in the global management of the radio-frequency
spectrum and satellite orbits - limited natural resources which are increasingly in demand from a large and
growing number of services such as fixed, mobile, broadcasting, amateur, space research, emergency telecommunications,
meteorology, global positioning systems, environmental monitoring and communication services - that ensure safety of life
on land, at sea and in the skies.
Our mission is to ensure the rational, equitable, efficient and economical use of the radio-frequency spectrum by
all radiocommunication services, including those using satellite orbits, and to carry out studies and approve Recommendations
on radiocommunication matters.
In implementing this mission, ITU-R aims at creating the conditions for harmonized development and efficient operation of
existing and new radiocommunication systems, taking due account of all parties concerned.
Our primary objective is to ensure interference-free operations of radiocommunication systems.
This is ensured through implementation of the Radio Regulations and Regional Agreements, and
the efficient and timely update of these instruments through the processes of the World and Regional
Radiocommunication Conferences. Furthermore, radio standardization establishes ´Recommendations´ intended
to assure the necessary performance and quality in operating radiocommunication systems. It also seeks ways and
means to conserve spectrum and ensure flexibility for future expansion and new technological developments.
ITU-R manages the detailed coordination and recording procedures for space systems and earth stations.
Its main role is to process and publish data and to carry out the examination of frequency assignment notices
submitted by administrations for inclusion in the formal coordination procedures or recording in the Master
International Frequency Register.
ITU-R also develops and manages space-related assignment or allotment plans and provides mechanisms for
the development of new satellite services by locating suitable orbital slots
ITU-R accommodates the launch of new satellites as quickly and efficiently as possible. It facilitates any
new developments and the continuation of satellite services in a safe way. It also squeezes more into the
frequency bandwidth, which is a limited, finite resource. Our main concerns centre on bringing high speed
satellite networks into service as well as the regulatory steps required for registering satellite network frequency assignments.
Everywhere, at every moment, people need to communicate and to understand each other. Encouraging communication
between nations through the harmonious development of the tools made available to them is our ultimate goal.