Ladies and gentlemen
It is a great honour to be here with you this morning in Stockholm for this ‘Broadband For All’ event.
It is a pleasure to be in Sweden’s wonderful capital at any time of year, but to be here this close to mid-summer, with your long days and short nights, is especially wonderful – those of you who are lucky enough to live here are very privileged indeed!
I would very much like to thank Hans Vestberg for his kind invitation to be with you here today. Hans is of course not just the CEO of Ericsson, but also plays an important role on the Broadband Commission for Digital Development, which I will say a little more about in a short while.
First however – as leader of the ITU, the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies – I would like to share with you my passion to ‘Connect the World’, and to ensure that the digital divide is not allowed to become a broadband divide.
Ladies and gentlemen,
The past twenty years has been an extraordinary time for the development of ICTs.
With the ‘mobile miracle’ we have brought ICTs and their benefits within reach of virtually all of the world’s people – in every continent and in every country.
With the help of pioneering companies like Ericsson, we find ourselves living in a world where there are now well over six billion mobile cellular subscriptions – and here in Sweden, as in many other developed countries, we have mobile cellular penetration of well over 100%.
The next crucial step, however – as I think we are all well aware, here in Stockholm today – must be to replicate the mobile miracle for broadband, on a global basis.
Because we should not forget that while more than 90% of the Swedish population now uses the Internet – almost exclusively over broadband connections – two thirds of the world’s people still have no access to the Internet at all, let alone a broadband connection.
Let us make no mistake: broadband is not just about high-speed Internet connectivity and accessing more data, faster.
Broadband is a set of transformative technologies, which are fundamentally changing the way we live – and which can help ensure sustainable social and economic growth not just in the rich world, but in every country, rich and poor, developed and developing.
Broadband will change the world in a million ways.
Some of these we can predict, but most of the changes will come as a complete surprise to us – in just the same way that the harnessing of electrical power led to the unexpected building of skyscrapers, made possible with electrically-powered elevators, or the invention of dozens of different sorts of labour-saving devices, from washing machines to hairdryers to toasters.
So broadband, too, will deliver unexpected and unpredictable benefits.
Let me list a few of the benefits that we can already be sure about, however:
- In a more populous, ageing world, broadband will help to deliver essential services such as health, education and good government.
- Broadband will help us address the biggest issues of our time – such as climate change and environmental sustainability.
- And it will revolutionize the way goods and services are created, delivered and used in the digital economy.
- Already, broadband is bringing mobile banking to millions of people across the developing world who do not have conventional bank accounts.
Mobile phones already play a key role in healthcare programmes in a growing number of countries around the world, and I believe that the proliferation of smartphones, connected to broadband infrastructure, will see progress in this area accelerate rapidly in the coming years.
If smartphone uptake in sub-Saharan Africa happens as quickly as the uptake of simple mobile phones – and if anything I believe it will happen even more quickly – then we will see smartphone penetration reach 40% or 50% within five years.
Imagine that! What was until quite recently the most unwired continent on earth will still be unwired – but it will be connected, with half a billion smartphones!
Concerning education, ICTs themselves are already acting as one of the main platforms for disseminating knowledge. This marks perhaps the biggest shift in education since the founding of the first great ancient higher-learning institutions, which essentially depended on the model of ‘lecturer’ and ‘lectured-to’.
Over the coming years, we will see an explosion of excellence in home-grown educational establishments right across the developing world. These will cater person-to-person for those who live close to schools and universities, and online for those who do not.
Some of the biggest universities in the world today specialize in distance learning, and many of them are in developing countries.
This could never have happened without ICTs and broadband, which have brought two crucial new forces to play: the death of distance, and the democratization of information and knowledge.
Broadband is also helping us accelerate progress towards meeting the Millennium Development Goals – for example through applications to help improve people’s lives and livelihoods, especially in rural and agricultural areas.
The innovative use of ICTs will also play a crucial role in ensuring the world’s seven billion people have affordable and equitable access to adequate food supplies, at every step of the process – from delivering the right information to farmers; to helping them improve yields and prices; to improving supply chain efficiencies; to ensuring that consumers understand nutritional needs, both for themselves and for their children.
Ladies and gentlemen,
Perhaps most importantly, broadband will help us manage the transition to a sustainable, low-carbon economy.
We live on a fragile planet – and humanity has not in the past been a very kind or gentle species when it comes to looking after our environment.
So now is the time to ‘get smart’ and to use the power of technology to help put things right – and to keep them that way.
As we saw at the Rio+20 Summit in Brazil last week, technology will be absolutely crucial in decoupling GDP growth and carbon emission growth, and replacing the energy-intensive physical infrastructure of the 20th century with the innovative, connected and information-based infrastructure of the 21st century.
In this context, broadband and ICTs will play a key role in moving the sustainable agenda forward, and in turning the agreements signed at Rio into actions and real transformation.
I am pleased to see that the outcome document from Rio+20 explicitly recognized the contribution that broadband and ICTs make to sustainable development. This is the best indication we can have that we are succeeding in getting our message across, and in making policy makers understand that the ‘broadband bridge’ is an opportunity not to be missed.
It is great news is that a more sustainable future is already being created through the proliferation of ICTs and broadband – and it is great news that this was recognized by Rio+20.
Good examples include smart grids, environmental sensors, intelligent transport systems, dematerialization and the digitalization of goods and services, and new ways of improving energy efficiency, which all help to drive the transition to a low carbon economy, while better adapting to the effects of climate change.
Similar principles apply to smart water management and distribution, and here too, broadband will play a vital role in the 21st century, as water resources become more scarce, and much more valuable.
This is why ITU created the Broadband Commission for Digital Development, in conjunction with UNESCO, two years ago. The Commission advocates for the global rollout of broadband infrastructure and for the provision of equitable and affordable access to broadband for all the world’s people.
The Broadband Commission is co-chaired by President Paul Kagame of Rwanda and Carlos Slim, President of the Carlos Slim Foundation. Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO, and myself serve as co-Vice-Chairs.
We now have almost 60 Broadband Commissioners, including Hans Vestberg, as I mentioned earlier. All of the Commissioners are leaders in their fields – representing governments, industry, academia and international agencies – and they are doing great work in advocating the importance of policy leadership.
Together, we are working hard to combine our advocacy work with research and analysis, providing concrete evidence of the tangible benefits of broadband – and I am pleased to announce in this regard that ITU and the Broadband Commission have recently launched a new series of case studies, which are available via the Commission’s website.
The Commission has a number of Working Groups, one of which – the Working Group on Climate Change – is chaired by Hans Vestberg, and which was responsible for the recent publication of a report entitled “The broadband bridge: linking ICTs with climate action for a low carbon economy”.
This report – made possible with help from Ericsson – highlights broadband’s powerful role in tackling climate change and promoting energy efficiency.
It is surprising to me, in the second decade of the 21st century, that there are still people who argue that we do not need high-end technology at all to solve the world’s most pressing issues.
These people argue that issues such as hunger and poverty can be addressed by having enough people willing to help, and through the use of simple technology, such as 2G mobile phones.
But without the broadband infrastructure humming away in the background, and without the power of large servers and big data storage capabilities, we cannot achieve very much at all.
SMS messages to remote and rural patients only work if there is a proper broadband network – and powerful computers – running in the background, and the same is true for enabling applications such as mobile banking.
In closing let me say how pleased I am – how pleased we all should be – that we are at the beginning of a journey towards an extraordinary new and sustainable world; a broadband world.
A broadband world – where individuals rich and poor are connected to the global knowledge society.
A broadband world – where what matters is human ingenuity, not simply where you were born, or how wealthy your parents were.
A broadband world – offering sustainable social and economic development for all.