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Contribution Feb 2013 Text Display Screen



Name : HICKSON, Nigel
Date : October 15, 2013
Organization : ICANN
Country : Brussels
Issues : Issue 3

Contribution :

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) would like to applaud the Council Working Group on International Internet-Related Public Policy (CWG-Internet) for allowing all stakeholders this opportunity to provide input on elements of the debate on the developmental aspects of the Internet. By examining inputs from individuals and organizations actively engaged in developmental aspects of the Internet, CWG-Internet will have a better understanding of the current status of work being undertaken by organisations around the world.

ICANN already plays a role in supporting developmental aspects of the Internet; through - for example - our focus on widening and deepening participation at ICANN meetings. Multiple initiatives are in place to make this happen. ICANN's fellowship program funds attendance at ICANN meetings, through which ICANN seeks to create a broader base of knowledgeable constituents and build capacity within the ICANN community of volunteers by reaching out to the less developed regions of the world. We also directly fund participation at ICANN meetings by some government officials in the Government Advisory committee (GAC). Participation is also growing through increased awareness and involvement in numerous ICANN bodies. At ICANN's last meeting in Durban in June 2013, the Government Advisory Committee (GAC) welcomed new members from Madagascar, Namibia, São Tomé and Príncipe, Swaziland, and Zambia.

ICANN has also developed formal Regional Strategies to better engage developing regions. These strategies, developed by individuals and organizations within each region, in coordination with ICANN, serve as important mechanisms to broaden and deepen knowledge and participation in ICANN and its various processes. After a successful launch in 2012, ICANN is now in the process of implementing the Africa strategy and similar ones for both Latin America and the Middle East. Strategies for Asia, the Pacific Region and for Europe are also under development To support its outreach program, ICANN has opened additional hubs in Istanbul and Singapore, and Engagement Offices in Beijing, Montevideo and Geneva. Combined, these efforts support the goal of better engaging all regions of the world in ICANN's work.

Furthermore, ICANN's implementation of internationalized domain names (IDNs), which are top-level domains in non-Latin scripts, such as (.рф) or (.中国), has enabled Internet users to access domain names in their own language. This has opened up the Internet by allowing citizens to communicate on the web in their native language.

A developmental issue that we believe CWG-Internet can engage with effectively is incentivising IPv6 transition. That IPv4 addresses are unequally spread around the world is a function of how the Internet has developed, especially during the time before ICANN was founded in 1998. By supporting swift adoption of IPv6 around the world, many of the policy concerns connected with IPv4 address allocation will become less relevant.

More broadly ICANN is also preparing a Developmental Strategy that could involve working with other bodies in the IG Ecosystem (and perhaps beyond) to further develop the structures and processes for further deployment of the domain name sector in emerging economies.

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ICANN (www.icann.org) is an international, non-profit entity, responsible for managing the technical coordination of the Internet's unique identifiers: the domain name system and IP addresses. ICANN operates in a bottom-up, consensus-based, multi-stakeholder approach towards its mission.