Cybersecurity guide for developing countries
    PREFACE
    FOREWORD
    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
    HOW TO READ THIS GUIDE
    ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
    TABLE OF CONTENTS
    PART I CYBERSECURITY CONTEXT, CHALLENGES, SOLUTIONS
        Section I.1 Cyberspace and the information society
            I.1.1 Digitization
            I.1.2 The information revolution
        Section I.2 Cybersecurity
            I.2.1 The security context of the communication infrastructure
            I.2.2 What is at stake with cybersecurity
            I.2.3 The security deficit
            I.2.4 Lessons to be drawn
            I.2.5 The management perspective
            I.2.6 The political dimension
            I.2.7 The economic dimension
            I.2.8 The social dimension
            I.2.9 The legal dimension
            I.2.10 Cybersecurity basics
    PART II CONTROLLING CYBERCRIME
        Section II.1 Cybercrime
            II.1.1 Computer-related crime and cybercrime
            II.1.2 Factors that make the internet attractive for criminal elements
            II.1.3 Traditional crime and cybercrime
            II.1.4 Cybercrime, economic crime and money-laundering
            II.1.5 Cybercrime - an extension of ordinary crime
            II.1.6 Cybercrime and terrorism
            II.1.7 Hackers
            II.1.8 Nuisances and malware
            II.1.9 Principal forms of internet crime
            II.1.10 Security incidents and unreported cybercrime
            II.1.11 Preparing for the cybercrime threat: a responsibility to protect
        Section II.2 Cyberattacks
            II.2.1 Types of cyberattack
            II.2.2 Theft of users' passwords to penetrate systems
            II.2.3 Denial-of-service attacks
            II.2.4 Defacement attacks
            II.2.5 Spoofing attacks
            II.2.6 Attacks against critical infrastructure
            II.2.7 Phases in a cyberattack
    PART III TECHNOLOGICAL APPROACH
        Section III.1 Telecommunication infrastructures
            III.1.1 Characteristics
            III.1.2 Fundamental principles
            III.1.3 Network components
            III.1.4 Telecommunication infrastructure and information highway
            III.1.5 The internet
        Section III.2 Security tools
            III.2.1 Data encryption
            III.2.2 Secure IP protocol
            III.2.3 Security of applications
            III.2.4 Secure sockets layer (SSL) and secure HTTP (S-HTTP) protocols
            III.2.5 E-mail and name server security
            III.2.6 Intrusion detection
            III.2.7 Environment partitioning
            III.2.8 Access control
            III.2.9 Protection and management of communication infrastructures
    PART IV A COMPREHENSIVE APPROACH
        Section IV.1 Various aspects of the law regulating new technologies
            IV.1.1 Personal data protection and e-commerce
            IV.1.2 E-commerce and contracting in cyberspace
            IV.1.3 Cyberspace and intellectual property
            IV.1.4 Spam: a number of legal considerations
            IV.1.5 Summary of the main legal issues relating to cyberspace
        Section IV.2 Prospects
            IV.2.1 Educate - train - heighten awareness among all cybersecurity stakeholders
            IV.2.2 A new approach to security
            IV.2.3 The characteristics of a security policy
            IV.2.4 Identifying sensitive resources in order to protect them
            IV.2.5 Objectives, mission and fundamental principles of cybersecurity
            IV.2.6 Success factors
    PART V ANNEXES
        Annex A Glossary of main security terms
        Annex B Table of contents of ISO/IEC standard 17799:2005, which serves as a reference for security management
        Annex C Mandate and activities of ITU-D in cybersecurity and combating spam
        Annex D Main ITU-T Questions relating to security under study in the 2005-2008 study period
        Annex E Bibliographical references
        Annex F OECD Guidelines for the security of information systems and networks: Towards a culture of security