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Draft requirements for "EPVC" enhanced performance video coding project
Version: 2009-07-10

Abstract

The following are draft requirements for a potential Enhanced-Performance Video Coding ("EPVC") video coding standardization project proposed for standardization as joint collaborative team (JCT) effort of the ITU-T SG 16 Question 6 Video Coding Experts Group (VCEG) and the ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG 11 Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG). The "EPVC" project will develop a new Recommendation | International Standard (or an extension of ITU-T Rec. H.264 | ISO/IEC 14496-10, depending on which form of standardization is determined to be appropriate for the technology design).

1. Applications

Requirement

  • EPVC should be capable of serving the needs of the following applications:
  • Broadcast.
  • Digital cinema and large-screen digital imagery.
  • Low-delay interactive communication.
  • Mobile entertainment.
  • Storage-based video applications (camcorders, camera phones, DSLRs, computer files, disc media, local and network DVRs, download-and-play, etc.).
  • Streaming.
  • Surveillance.
  • Video on demand.

2. Compression Capability

Requirement:

  • EPVC should be capable of providing a bit rate reduction of approximately 50% at the same subjective quality compared to H.264/14496-10 as used in these applications.

3. Complexity

Requirement:

  • EPVC complexity should allow for feasible implementation within the constraints of the available technology at the expected time of usage.
  • EPVC should be capable of trading off complexity and compression capability, by enabling one or more operating configurations having substantially lower complexity than is necessary for implementation of the full set of design capabilities while retaining a compression capability substantially beyond that provided by H.264/14496-10 as used in the applications [Note: The potential need for further detail regarding this aspect remains an open issue to be resolved.]

Remark:

"Complexity" refers primarily to decoder computational resource consumption (in terms of power consumption, computing cycles, memory capacity, memory bandwidth, etc., including taking into account opportunities for parallel processing in particular). Anticipated encoder complexity will also be taken into consideration. Where relevant, the EPVC encoder should use comparable tools with similar degrees of optimization to the respective tools in the H.264/14496-10 comparison point.

4. Loss/Error robustness

Requirement:

  • EPVC should be capable of robust operation in the presence of packet losses.

Remark:

For transmission over error-prone networks (wireless, Internet), EPVC should enable the ability to provide acceptable decoded video quality under a variety of types of error patterns (burst, independent, uniformly distributed, etc.). Aspects of the system-level support, encoder optimization and decoder concealment behaviour necessary to achieve this may not be within the normative scope of EPVC. Robustness capability similar to that of H.264/14496-10 High Profile is considered acceptable.

5. End-to-end delay

Requirement:

  • EPVC should be capable of operating efficiently in an interactive, conversational, real-time, low-delay environment.

Remark:

EPVC should be capable of trading off computational complexity, compression capability, and loss robustness with delay characteristics.

6. Random access and "Trick mode" support

Requirement:

  • EPVC should be capable of providing random access points in the video bitstream for such functionality as channel switching and program chapter access.
  • Pause, fast forward, normal speed reverse, and fast reverse access to a stored video bitstream should be enabled.

7. Interface to systems layer

EPVC should be designed to permit efficient adaptation and integration with a broad variety of system and delivery layers relevant to the intended applications. Buffer models, including hypothetical reference decoders (HRDs), should be specified as necessary for target applications.

8. Bit depth and colour sampling

Requirement:

  • EPVC shall be capable of a range of bit depths and colour samplings, ranging from 8-bit 4:2:0 to 12-bit 4:4:4.

9. Resolutions, scanning methods, and frame rates

Requirement:

  • The compression capability targets of EPVC are to apply to progressive scan resolutions of QVGA (320x240) to 8K x 4K at frame rates of 12.5 Hz and higher.
  • Compression capability for progressive scan material outside of the above range of resolutions and frame rates should be better than H.264/14496-10 as used in the application.
  • Picture formats of arbitrary size should also be supported, within limits specific to each operating configuration. EPVC shall support at least the same range of progressive scan picture formats and frame rates as supported by the H.264/14496-10 syntax.

10. Picture fidelity range

Requirement:

  • EPVC should be capable of being operated in a quality range from low fidelities up to subjectively visually lossless, and support of mathematically lossless capability is desirable.

11. Hierarchical/layered coding

Requirement:

  • EPVC should support extraction of decodable subsets of a coded bit stream.

Remark:

For example, it should be possible to reduce the frame rate of a coded sequence by dropping frames without re-coding the sequence.

Effects of hierarchical coding on characteristics such as buffering, memory, and end-to-end delay must be taken into consideration, and EPVC should be capable of providing tradeoffs between these.

12. Possible extensions

Requirements:

  • EPVC should be capable of coding 3D video.
  • EPVC should be capable of bitstream scalability in addition to frame rate reduction
  • EPVC should be capable of monochrome operation.
  • EPVC should be capable of multi-channel operation, including alpha support.
  • EPVC should be capable of supporting bit depths beyond 12 bits.
  • EPVC should be capable of distributed processing operation.

 

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