The existing mobile network systems are primarily defined for
urban areas where necessary support infrastructure (adequate power,
building/shelter, accessibility, skilled manpower to operate etc.) for setting
up a telecommunication network is assumed to exist. Hence the current systems do
not meet the rural specific requirements and cannot be mass deployed.
Inadequate deployment of telecommunication infrastructure in rural areas in
developing nations can be attributed to various challenges. Some of the known
Shortage of Power.
Expense of maintaining power backup usually Diesel and environmental hazards
Difficult access and transportation.
Lack of skilled manpower.
Installation and maintenance of networks is quite challenging and difficult.
Very high operating cost.
Low potential ARPU.
Sparsely populated and scattered population cluster.
These are some of the challenges that developing countries planning to spread
ICT to rural areas must be prepared for.
The existing mobile network systems are not defined to meet these challenges and
hence have not been mass deployed in rural area. In order to have options of
deployment of suitable mobile network systems in rural areas, a suitable set of
System Requirements should be evolved addressing the identified rural
Mobile network systems assist in adaptation to climate change by providing
information about short-term extreme weather events and long term trends such as
drought and monsoon. This information can help sustain water supplies and
optimise irrigation systems to maximise crop yields.
This issue will be studied in close cooperation with the proposed new Question
Furthermore, for the existing mobile network systems in all countries, it
becomes important to develop guidance how to improve their resilience in
disaster situations (e.g. hurricane, tropical storm, etc).
Study items to be considered include, but are not limited to:
This Question will identify, assess and consolidate the challenges faced by
developing countries in setting up a low cost sustainable telecommunication
infrastructure in rural areas of developing nations. These challenges should
further be deliberated to extract various possible technological or engineering
interpretations in order to convert these challenges into technical requirement
options. This would become a base for system requirements evolution.
Evolution of system requirements for rural mobile network system specifically
addressing such identified challenges of rural deployment.
This Question will study the generic system requirements (independent of
chosen Radio transmission technology) for rural mobile networks system including
aspects related to deployment architecture, power consumption, power source,
packaging, operation & maintenance etc.
This Question will also provide guidance on the way to adapt to climate
change and to improve the resilience of mobile networks in disaster situations.
The task would be to develop guidance on “Challenges of setting up
sustainable telecommunication infrastructure in rural areas of developing
nations”. This would become a basis for evolution of system requirements
(independent of chosen radio transmission technology). This will include energy
efficiency and powering of mobile network systems for deployment of
telecommunication infrastructure in areas without access to electricity grid.
This would also be applicable to improve the resilience of mobile networks in
all countries in disaster situations (e.g. hurricane, tropical storm, etc).
This will lead to the drafting of Handbook containing best practices on these
issues and Recommendations if needed.
Note: An up-to-date status of work under this Question will be included in SG5
Work Program (http://www.itu.int/ITU-T/studygroups/com05/index.asp).
- ITU-T Study Groups
- ITU-D Study Groups
- ITU-R Study Groups
Standardization bodies, forums and consortia: