The key for the future of any country
and any institution is the capability to develop, retain and attract
the best talent. Women make up one half of the world’s human
capital. Empowering and educating girls and women and leveraging
their talent and leadership fully in the global economy, politics and
society are thus fundamental elements of succeeding and prospering in
an ever more competitive world.
The Global Gender Gap Index introduced by the World Economic Forum in 2006, is a framework for capturing the magnitude and scope of
gender-based disparities and tracking their progress.
The Index benchmarks national gender
gaps on economic, political, education- and health-based criteria,
and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons
across regions and income groups, and over time. The rankings are
designed to create greater awareness among a global audience of the
challenges posed by gender gaps and the opportunities created by
reducing them. The methodology and quantitative analysis behind the
rankings are intended to serve as a basis for designing effective
measures for reducing gender gaps.
The Index is designed to measure
gender-based gaps in access to resources and opportunities in
individual countries rather than the actual levels of the available
resources and opportunities in those countries. They do this in order
to make the Global Gender Gap Index independent from countries’ the
levels of development. In other words, the Index is constructed
to rank countries on their gender gaps not on their development
The Global Gender Gap Index, however,
rewards countries for smaller gaps in access to these resources,
regardless of the overall level of resources. Thus the Index
penalizes or rewards countries based on the size of the gap between
male and female enrolment rates, but not for the overall levels of
education in the country.
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(Source: World Economic