One of the factors said to have
retarded education development in Tanzania is the lack of teachers, qualified
teachers for that matter. There is no doubt about the efforts by the government
in trying to raise the standard of education and ensuring that all Tanzanians
have access to education.
Many schools have been built in
recent times almost throughout the country, but many of these schools lack
teachers. Schools situated in the remote areas of the country where
transportation is a problem are most affected by the lack of teachers because
some of the teachers show reluctance in reporting to such areas.
The government has elaborate plans and strategies of producing as many teachers
of different grades to be distributed to primary, secondary and institutes of
higher learning as possible. The government has also specific plans of ensuring
that all necessary teaching aids like books, libraries and laboratories in
order to make the education wholesome.
But the biggest challenge facing
the sector is whether the teachers are not redundant in the wake of improved
technical and technological advancement. It is now common knowledge that
technological development in Information and Communication (ICT) has permeated
almost every area in life.
And information and communication
technology use in education is making enormous headways in improving quality
and access to education. It has further been shown that the use of ICT in
education can help improve memory retention, increase motivation and generally
Information and communication
technology can be used to promote collaborative learning including role
playing, group problem solving activities and articulated projects. It is
promoting new approaches to working and learning, and new ways of interacting.
The issue is on the long term impact of ICT on the teaching and learning
Though researchers are confirming
that ICT changes the nature of motivation to learn, other issues raised at this
point is what kind of competence and skills will teachers really need to
acquire to be effective in an ICT based learning environment? There is an
on-going debate on whether teachers are becoming redundant as a consequence of
the use of ICT in education or whether a teacher-less classroom is simply a
However, new education technologies do not
remove the need for teachers but the call for definition of their profession.
With ICT, the role of teachers has changed and continues to change from being a
instructor to become a constructor, facilitator, coach and creator of learning
(Source: TMC News)