poverty are dynamic and intricately linked phenomena. In developed
countries, a large body of empirical research shows that persons with
disabilities experience inter alia comparatively lower educational
attainment, lower employment and higher unemployment rates, worse
living conditions, and higher poverty rates. In developing countries,
the still limited body of empirical research points toward
individuals with disability being often economically worse off in
terms of employment and educational attainment, while at the
household level, the evidence is mixed. Deriving any conclusions on
the association between disability and poverty in developing
countries from this literature is problematic, given the lack of
comparability of the disability measures, economic indicators, and
methods in these studies.
This study aims to
contribute to the empirical research on social and economic
conditions of people with disabilities in developing countries. Using
comparable data and methods across countries, this study presents a
snapshot of economic and poverty situation of working-age persons
with disabilities and their households in 15 developing countries.
The study uses data from
the World Health Survey (WHS) conducted by the World Health
Organization (WHO) in 2002-2004 in 30 developed and 40 developing
countries across the world. The countries for this study are: Burkina
Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Malawi, Mauritius, Zambia, and Zimbabwe in
Africa; Bangladesh, Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR),
Pakistan, and the Philippines in Asia; and Brazil, Dominican
Republic, Mexico, and Paraguay in Latin America and the Caribbean.
The selection of the countries was driven by the data quality.
(Source: World Bank)