second day, a host of projects seeking funding were presented at the Forum.
Projects that had been successfully implemented providing an opportunity for
LDCs to replicate models were also presented.
were mainly in the areas of infrastructure, universal access, education,
and projects encouraging entrepreneurship development. The projects were not
only national and regional in nature but also global.
first session was dedicated to donor agencies. All of them stressed their
commitment to support and finance ICT for development activities.
Mwangala, from the African Development Bank, explained the current ICT scenario
in Africa regarding policy reform, regulatory reform, infrastructure, ICT
applications, and the Bank’s contribution to these sectors. Seventy-three
projects have been implemented in 32 countries in Africa, which makes a total of
$1,364,705,081 of investment in the telecommunication sector. To conclude, Mrs.
Mwangala stressed the commitment of the Bank to continue to integrate and
identified countries’ national plans on ICTs for financing.
Mr. Edward Malloy, IT Policy Advisor from the U.S. Agency for
International Development (USAID) explained how USAID operates in developing
countries to promote economic growth, education, health, environmental
protection, democracy & government, and humanitarian relief. Mr Malloy focused
on the USAID strategy for development of ICTs, such as seeking partnerships,
supporting policy and regulatory reform, foster ICT access, develops the
capacity of institutions and individuals to achieve policy reform and
demonstrates innovative ICT applications across all developmental objectives,
education, telemedicine, environment, and
Projects – Infrastructure backbone
Henry Chasia of eAfrica Commission presented ICT infrastructure activities that
have been implemented by NEPAD on the Africa continent. An East African
Submarine Cable Systems has connected 19 countries so far between each other and
to the rest of the world by way of optical fibre submarine cables or broadband
Kezang, Head of Telecom Sector in Bhutan, introduced the project: “ICTization of
Schools in Bhutan”. This project, which will
implemented in less than a year, seeks to facilitate access to ICT in 20 schools
and associated communities.
Planet Network is also introducing services of integrated Internet Solutions for
Telecom and Internet Service Providers in 21 countries on the African Continent.
Projects – Universal
UNESCO presented “The Community Multimedia Centre programme” which have been
implemented in Mali, Mozambique and Senegal. The goal will be to develop 50 CMCs
in each country and 20 sites to be created in the first phase by UNESCO and
Swiss funds. This initiative was launched during the WSIS in Geneva, December
Malawi MCT country project raised the same point; that Community Centers are of
key importance to acquire universal access in remote areas in Malawi.
also talked about universal access initiatives through Community Multipurpose
Tele-centres for rural areas to provide affordable ICT services to remote areas
and bridge the gap between urban and rural areas. An IT fund was established in
2002 for this purpose coming from operators’ contributions and fees on traffic
charges. This fund has also been used for e-education in rural area, e-health
and capacity building and awareness of e-applications.
Projects - Education
E-Africa Commission made presentations on e-Schools, the Global Gateaway project
by the British Council, and the E-Learning initiative by ITU-Inmarsat and I-LINX
in partnership with the Academy for Educational Development (AED). The goal is
to design and implement a sustainable network of locally managed and operated
telecenters under the "ITU-Inmarsat E-Learning Initiative". The objective is to
provide Internet connectivity to rural communities through Inmarsat's Regional
BGAN IP satellite modem. The overall conclusion of this session was to provide digital
opportunities to scholars by providing Internet connection and training
capacity. The accessibility is not only important, but also the content provided
for its better use.
presentations encouraging SME entrepreneurship were made at the last session.
One introduced a case study “The MICTI Model” for building ICT skills and
capacity in Mozambique. The other one was the YES Campaign which is bringing
together diverse stakeholders through the YES Country Networks to work
collaboratively on taking actions that results in productive and sustainable
employment for youth.