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 Monday, 30 August 2010

In July, the number of subscribers of Ukrainian mobile operators rose by 1% or 0.56 million to 55.61 million. Ukrainian News has learned this from results of a research conducted by iKS-Consulting, a wording of which was made available for the agency.

The number of subscribers of GSM operators made up 53.86 million (96.9% of the market), subscribers of CDMA operators 1.249 million (2.3% of the market), others are subscribers of the UMTS operator Ukrtelecom, the largest telecommunication company. In particular, number of Kyivstar’s subscribers made up 22.12 million (39.8% of the subscriber base), MTS’s subscribers 17.71 million (31.9%), Astelit company 11.69 million (21%) and Ukrainian Radiosystems and Golden Telecom (Beeline brand) 2.34 million (4.2%).

In July, Beeline was the leader in growth of the subscriber base, experts from iKS-Consulting connects this growth with the popularity of the Vidpochyvai tariff plan among entrant to Ukraine tourists. As Ukrainian News earlier reported, in June, the number of subscribers of Ukrainian mobile-telephone operators rose by 0.3% or 0.14 million to 55.05 million.

Source: HiTech Expert

Monday, 30 August 2010 13:20:28 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 
 Tuesday, 24 August 2010

Montenegro’s Agency for Electronic Communications and Postal Services has revealed that the country’s dial-up subscriber base fell by 3.2% to 3,294 between June and July, mainly due to migration to broadband. According to the regulator’s latest report, the number of ADSL connections rose 1.9% to 50,290 during July, while WiMAX connections reached nearly 7,295. The overall broadband subscriber base stood at 60,318, giving a household penetration rate of approximately 30%.

Source: TeleGeography

Tuesday, 24 August 2010 10:06:50 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 
 Monday, 09 August 2010

A greater portion of Chinese mobile subscribers are accessing the Internet via mobile devices than users in the U.S., according to a report from The Nielsen Company. Research conducted by the measurement firm also suggested more Chinese users download mobile applications and make use of mobile instant messaging services than their U.S. counterparts.

Although mobile devices are only just reaching widespread penetration in China, Nielsen found 38 percent of mobile subscribers there claim to access online content on a monthly basis, compared with just 27 percent of subscribers in the U.S. In addition, 20 percent of users in China claim to download mobile apps and 23 percent use mobile instant messaging products, compared with 18 percent and 16 percent of U.S. users, respectively.

China also surpassed the U.S. in terms of text message usage, with 86 percent of users there using SMS services compared with 64 percent of U.S. subscribers. Two areas in which the U.S. continues to outpace China in terms of adoption, however, are location-based services and e-mail.

Nielsen's research was based on face-to-face surveys with 4,946 consumers age 15 and up in 19 cities around China. The interviews were conducted in March 2010.



Monday, 09 August 2010 08:08:17 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 
 Monday, 02 August 2010

The UK is set to benefit from a new generation of mobile services and improved mobile broadband coverage under new government plans to revolutionise the country's digital infrastructure. Minister for Communications, Ed Vaizey, has launched a programme of measures for radio spectrum modernisation, which will allow mobile operators to deliver the latest technologies to consumers and extend the reach of mobile broadband across the country. The spectrum modernisation programme will be implemented under a Direction to regulator Ofcom, which has been laid in Parliament. This includes requiring Ofcom to co-ordinate a combined auction of 2.6 GHz and 800 MHz spectrum as soon as possible in order that operators can deliver widespread high speed mobile broadband, and requiring Ofcom to carry out a competitive assessment of future 3G and 4G markets, including the potential for new entrants. Their assessment will inform the design of the auction, aimed at enabling delivery of new competitive mobile broadband services for UK consumer and business benefit; liberalising 2G spectrum at 900 MHz and 1800 MHz, implementing the EU's revised GSM directive to allow operators to use these frequencies for 3G technologies; making 3G licences indefinite to encourage greater investment in 3G services to reach more consumers across the UK. They will also be made tradable, and requiring Ofcom to apply annual licence fees to reflect the market value of these licences which will be applied after the initial licence term (ends 31 December 2021). The Minister also announced funding for a generous compensation package to support the Programme Making and Special Events users (PMSE) who are moving out of the 800MHz spectrum.

Source: TelecomPaper

Monday, 02 August 2010 10:35:10 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

The Bangladesh Telecommunications Regulatory Commission (BTRC) has reported that the country’s total number of mobile subscriptions reached 59.98 million at the end of June 2010, up by 27% year-on-year. Telenor unit GrameenPhone continues to lead the field by a wide margin with 26.46 million subscribers at mid-2010, up from 21.16 million a year earlier, ahead of Orascom subsidiary Banglalink with 16.10 million (11.05 million), Malaysian-backed Axiata (Robi) with 11.10 million (9.39 million), Warid (soon to be rebranded by Indian parent Bharti Airtel) 3.17 million (2.58 million), sole CDMA mobile operator CityCell 1.99 million (1.97 million) and state-owned Teletalk 1.16 million (1.10 million). In recent quarters, the figures in some operator's reports have differed from those of the BTRC, particularly the parent group of Axiata, which has consistently posted higher totals than that attributed to it by the Bangladeshi regulator.

Source: TeleGeography

Monday, 02 August 2010 10:31:18 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Bermudan mobile operator Digicel today launched a new 3G+ wireless modem which will enable its cell phone and laptop users to access the World Wide Web via a mobile broadband connection from almost anywhere on the Island using HSPA+ technology. The new device is available in a range of different flavours to suit the user’s demands. Entry level prices start at BMD79 (USD79) per month for a plan with a 2GB download cap, rising to BMD89 per month (3.5GB) and BMD99 a month for 6GB of traffic. Moreover, 3G+ for smartphones costs BMD9 per month for the 2MB plan it said, BMD20 for 10MB, BMD35 for 20MB and BMD45 for the premium data plan (350MB) which is controlled through a ‘fair usage’ policy to prevent network congestion. The operator’s single user modem costs BMD99 and the multi-user modem BMD199.

Source: TeleGeography

Monday, 02 August 2010 10:27:16 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

A lot of the recent limelight has been on telcos and cablecos battling each other for market share, in both the pay-TV and the telecoms markets. In the meantime, satellite direct-to-home (DTH) service providers have been quietly growing their operations and can now claim well over 150 million subscribers, with a good spread of activity across all regions. Their subscriber numbers have been growing by a steady 13%-15% per year, even through the recession.

To put these numbers into context, there are still almost five times as many DTH subscribers as there are IPTV subscribers, and over the last five years DTH operators have enjoyed subscriber growth rates that have been more than double those achieved by their cable TV competitors. As if that were not enough, globally the ARPU for DTH is more than double that achieved by cablecos and telcos. While the ARPU figures are closer in North America, in most countries there is a huge gap between ARPU for DTH and pay-TV services provided over other platforms.

‘It is interesting that while so much marketing emphasis has been placed on the importance of triple-play bundles, DTH operators have handily outperformed both telcos and cablecos while essentially selling a single service’ said TeleGeography’s John Dinsdale. ‘I don’t want to oversimplify a complex picture and I certainly don’t want to downplay the importance of bundling strategies. However, there is sometimes a strong argument that it’s better to do one thing and to do it exceptionally well. DTH will continue to increase its share of the pay-TV market over the next five years’ he added.

Source: TeleGeography

Monday, 02 August 2010 09:54:02 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Gambian President Yahya Jammeh has praised the country’s first 3G cellular operator QCell, run by local entrepreneur Muhammed Jah, for expanding mobile users’ choice in the country as well as introducing cheap service rates. The president was speaking on Saturday at the official inauguration of QCell’s headquarters, marking a year since the GSM/W-CDMA operator’s network launch in July 2009. Also speaking at the ceremony, Gambia’s Minister of Information and Communication Infrastructure Alhagie Cham commended QCell for taking on a significant risk in entering an already competitive market; he noted that in one year of operations the cellco had signed up a subscriber base of around 100,000, as well as expanding its network coverage across the country and employing a staff of 300 Gambians, up from around 100 at launch.

QCell has carried out a number of firsts in the country, including introducing video calling services and wireless datacard services for 3G/EDGE mobile internet access, available to pre- and post-paid users. Its website claims that its voice tariffs for both on-net and off-net calls are Gambia’s cheapest. Qcell, which competes against Africell, Gamcel and Comium, also sells its own branded 3G handsets.

Source: TeleGeography

Monday, 02 August 2010 08:55:06 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

The government of Sierra Leone is looking to sell incumbent fixed line operator Sierratel, as officials acknowledge that the firm lacks the financial resources to compete with the country’s mobile providers, Computerworld West Africa reports. Earlier this week the National Commission of Privatisation (NCP) called for expressions of interest for the management of Sierratel – the first step in seeking bids for the operator – stating that it has ‘commenced a business reform programme of Sierratel with the objective of improving the efficiency, productivity, customer service delivery, capacity building and overall financial and operational performance.’ The contract will be awarded via an international bidding process, with prequalified applicants required to pay a non-refundable fee of USD10,000 (SLL38.9 million) for bidding documents.

The state is looking for a telecoms company to take over all business areas of Sierratel, including day-to-day management, operations, maintenance and long term business planning, although the government has not yet disclosed the size of the stake that it wishes to offload. The company has struggled to rebuild its wireline infrastructure after rebel forces destroyed telephone lines and exchanges during the civil war which ended in 2002. According to the NCP, Sierratel is overstaffed and suffers from a lack of capital; in the past the company has been forced to enter into joint venture partnerships to undergo urgent modernisation of its infrastructure. In June 2008 the telco accepted a delivery of Huawei-manufactured equipment worth USD16.5 million, which was paid for with a loan from the Chinese government. The CDMA 1x EV-DO cellular network was launched in April 2009.

Source: TeleGeography

Monday, 02 August 2010 08:49:43 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Broadband service provider rankings from TeleGeography’s GlobalComms Database show only small changes in rankings of the ten largest broadband service providers over the past twelve months. However, they also reveal a growing chasm between the two largest broadband operators and the remaining providers.

Collectively, the ten largest broadband service providers gained 23.3 million subscribers in the twelve months from Q1 2009 to Q1 2010, ending March 2010 with 191 million total subscribers—39% of the world’s 492 million broadband customers. KT of South Korea, the world’s tenth largest broadband ISP, is the only new member of the top ten ranking, having displaced Telecom Italia, which is now the 11th largest broadband ISP globally.

Just two mammoth broadband service providers, China Telecom and China Unicom, accounted for 20% of global broadband subscribers. Both companies gained approximately nine million subscribers over the past year, equivalent to the entire broadband subscriber base of Verizon. "The gap between the top two operators and the world’s remaining broadband service providers will continue to grow rapidly," commented TeleGeography Research Director Tania Harvey. "Aside from the two Chinese companies, all of the top ten broadband ISPs operate in mature markets, with high levels of broadband penetration and rapidly slowing subscriber growth."

Source: TeleGeography

Monday, 02 August 2010 08:46:08 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 
 Friday, 30 July 2010

­The Mauritian mobile communications market has seen significant investments in the infrastructure development and data segments. These are areas with immense growth potential due to the saturation of voice services.

"The submarine cables that are being deployed will mitigate bandwidth shortages witnessed in the country," says Frost & Sullivan Research Analyst Mervin Miemoukanda. "The key drivers of this market are high disposable income, a vibrant tourism industry, the increasing demand for mobile broadband and multimedia, and the diminishing costs of handsets."

New analysis from Frost & Sullivan finds that the market earned revenues of $174.00 million in 2009 and estimates this to reach $271.00 million in 2016.

Click here to see full article
Source: Cellular News
Friday, 30 July 2010 15:35:53 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Vodafone Essar Ltd. has unveiled a solar-powered mobile handset in India to better serve the nation's energy-starved rural masses. India has been adding nearly 20 million mobile subscribers each month, many of them in rural areas, where electricity supply can be patchy at best.

A third of Indians don't have access to electricity, but they do get plenty of sun. Samsung launched a solar-powered handset about a year ago, and Vodafone is now joining in the effort to bridge that infrastructure gap.

"This launch is likely to enable more people in rural India to go mobile," Vodafone Essar Chief Executive Marten Pieters said in a statement. The VF 247 Solar Powered phone, priced at 1,500 rupees ($32), should be available in stores next month.

It needs eight hours of direct sunlight to be fully charged and can support more than eight days of use on standby and four hours of talk time. It also comes with an electronic charger, an FM radio and a powerful torch light. Vodafone Essar, a leading wireless provider in India, is a unit of Vodafone Group PLC.

Source: Cellular News

Friday, 30 July 2010 15:29:23 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Danish mobile operator TDC will triple the mobile internet data transfer rates available via its 3G network to 21 Mbps in every region of the country this autumn. The move is intended to help the operator cope with an increasing number of mobile broadband users. TDC saw its sales of mobile broadband double from May to June thanks to clients who wanted to have internet during their summer holiday. In early 2011, TDC will begin the roll out of the LTE network in the country's largest cities.

Source: TelecomPaper

Friday, 30 July 2010 15:25:19 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

­Mobile phone users under the age of 16 are extremely sophisticated, with deep brand experiences and preferences. This raises significant questions for network operators, handset manufacturers and service providers regarding how best to engage an increasingly important market segment.

You could be forgiven for a sense of déjà vu. After all, rising mobile phone use amongst children is not a new phenomenon. As long ago as 2004 the Guardian was reporting growth in ownership amongst under-10s, and media coverage concerning potential health concerns can be traced back even further. However, our ever-increasing reliance on, and immersion in, mobile phones and the digital services we use them to access, justify revisiting the topic.

Recent data from GfK reinforces just how prevalent mobile ownership amongst under-16s has become (2.5 million 12-15 year olds, almost 9 in 10, now have one). Furthermore, this is the age group cementing the shift in behaviour from passive entertainment, such as television, to more active digital and online activities. As such, it should come as no surprise that the value placed on their mobiles increases accordingly.

Click here to see full article
Source: Cellular News
Friday, 30 July 2010 15:22:52 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Pakistan’s fixed line incumbent Pakistan Telecommunication Company Limited (PTCL) has reportedly seen its broadband subscriber base surpass the 500,000 milestone, according to Trading Markets. In addition, the telco has also increased the maximum download speeds available to its subscribers, introducing a new top speed of 8Mbps, double the previous limit of 4Mbps. PTCL has automatically upgraded all of its existing customers to higher speeds, with those previously on 2Mbps and 4Mbps packages seeing their top level speeds upped to 4Mbps and 6Mbps respectively, while retaining the same monthly package cost.

Source: TeleGeography

Friday, 30 July 2010 15:08:55 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

The number of internet users in China increased to an estimated 420 million at the end of June 2010, according to industry association China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC). The number of users was up by 9.4% compared to the start of the year. Of the total, 363.81 million (or 86.6%) used broadband fixed line access modes, while 276.78 million (65.9%) used mobile handsets. The average time spend surfing the world wide web was 19.8 hours per week.

CNNIC said that there were 250.452 million IP addresses, 11.206 million domain names and 2.787 million websites in China at the end of June. At the same date China had a total bandwidth of 998.217Gbps for international internet connections, with China Telecom responsible for 616.703Gbps, China Unicom 330.599Gbps, China Mobile 30.559Gbps, CSTNet 10.422Gbps and CERNET 9.932Gbps.

Source: TeleGeography

Friday, 30 July 2010 15:05:48 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Three Nigerian telecoms operators have subscribed to Main One Cable Company’s high capacity fibre-optic cable system, which was launched commercially earlier this week linking West Africa to Europe, Reuters reports. The local unit of UAE-based Etisalat, South Africa’s MTN and Starcomms of Nigeria are among the first operators to sign up for broadband services from the 7,200km fibre-optic cable, which has landing stations in Nigeria and Ghana with branching units in Morocco, Canary Islands, Senegal and Cote d’Ivoire.

Main One said the cable system will deliver 1.92Tbps of much-needed international capacity into West Africa – more than ten times what is currently available from Nigeria’s sole existing undersea cable South Atlantic Terminal (SAT-3) – and will enable service providers to offer cheaper and more reliable internet access. Steven Evans, chief executive of Etisalat Nigeria, told Reuters his firm was testing the cable and would inaugurate services over it within a day or two: ‘We are working very hard at the moment to go live on the network, hopefully within the next 24-48 hours ... so that we will be one of the first people to be having broadband on the main network in Nigeria,’ he stated. Wholly African-owned, the Main One cable is the first privately-owned submarine cable system in West Africa.

Source: TeleGeography

Friday, 30 July 2010 15:03:51 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 
Social media website Facebook has passed the 500 million worldwide users milestone. To mark this achievement, Facebook launched an application dubbed 'Facebook Stories'. The app is a collection of stories shared by the social networking site's users about the impact Facebook and their contacts have had on their lives. Facebook Stories users will be able to share their own stories, as well as read hundreds of others, categorized by themes and locations around the world.
Source: Telecompaper 
Friday, 30 July 2010 14:58:28 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Le régulateur des télécoms lance sa consultation afin de caler les modalités d'attribution des licences qui seront distribuées dans un an exactement.

Le très haut débit mobile poursuit son cheminement en France. Comme prévu, le régulateur des télécoms vient de lancer une nouvelle consultation publique sur les modalités d'attribution des bandes de fréquences 800 MHz et 2,6 GHz qui permettront de déployer les réseaux 4G exploitant la technologie LTE (Long Term Evolution).

L'enjeu est de taille. Alors que la 3G+ plafonne théoriquement à 42 Mb/s en download (7 Mb/s en usage pratique), la LTE permet un débit descendant théorique de plus de 100 Mb/s et montant de 50 Mb/s afin de répondre à l'explosion des usages datas et à la saturation des réseaux. La consultation s'achèvera le 13 septembre prochain. Ensuite, après quelques allers-retours gouvernement/Parlement, la procédure d'attribution sera lancée, certainement avant la fin de l'année. Situation économique peu favorable Les opérateurs pourront alors faire acte de candidature. Et les heureux élus seront connus "entre le printemps et le début de l'été 2011". Rappelons que la 4G, une réalité en Suède, est actuellement expérimentée par les opérateurs français. Pour autant, le déploiement de la 4G risque de ne pas ressembler à un long fleuve tranquille. "La consultation publique et les auditions ont souligné la maturité encore limitée, sur les plans techniques et industriels, des projets dans la bande 800 MHz, dont le déploiement s'étendra sur de nombreuses années." a précisé Jean-Ludovic Silicani, le patron du régulateur en juin dernier.

Par ailleurs, "l'articulation entre les procédures d'attribution des bandes 800 MHz et 2,6 GHz, en particulier le caractère séquentiel ou simultané de l'attribution, ne recueille pas, pour l'instant, de consensus entre les acteurs" constate-il. Enfin, le déploiement de la 4G peut se heurter à la situation économique des opérateurs. Ces derniers ont aujourd'hui tendance à limiter leurs investissements réseau et cherchent avant tout à augmenter les capacités de la 3G/3G+ qui 'en a encore sous le pied". D'ailleurs, les quatre opérateurs mobiles ont finalisé le dispositif de partage d'installations de réseau mobile 3G : sa mise en oeuvre permettra d'atteindre d'ici fin 2013 une couverture 3G analogue à celle de la 2G (environ 99,8% de la population). Cet accord porte sur des zones peu denses du territoire, incluant notamment les communes du programme national d'extension de la couverture mobile 2G en zones blanches.

Source: ZDNet

Friday, 30 July 2010 14:23:54 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 
 Wednesday, 21 July 2010
China's communications firms added a combined 9.755 million mobile customers in June, ending the month with a total of 785.524 million mobile users, according to figures from the operators. China Mobile led in mobile subscriber adds in June as the company added 5.060 million new customers to bring its customer base to 554.042 million. Of the total, 10.461 million are 3G customers.
China Telecom signed up 3.02 million new mobile subscribers in the month to bring its total to 74.52 million. However, the carrier continued shedding fixed-line customers and saw its customer base fall by 890,000 fixed-line users to end the month with a total of 181.07 million local access lines in service. China Telecom gained 880,000 broadband subscribers in June to hit a total of 58.33 million. China Unicom ended June with a total of 156.962 million mobile customers, which comprises 149.402 million 2G subscribers and 7.560 million 3G customers.
Unicom gained a total of 1.675 million new mobile subscribers in the month. However, the company lost 275,000 fixed-line customers to bring its total to 100.852 million, but gained 831,000 broadband customers in June, reaching a total of 43.759 million.
Source: TelecomPaper
Wednesday, 21 July 2010 13:21:06 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Cosmote Romania has added a budget-priced 3G mobile internet package to its Connect 3G product line. As of 15 July, Cosmote will offer Connect Now+, which comes with a 2GB usage limit and download speeds of up to 7.2Mbps for a monthly subscription of EUR6.71 per month. With existing Connect 3G products, Cosmote subscribers achieve speeds of up to 21.6Mbps in approximately 3,300 localities across the country. Cosmote launched its 3G services after acquiring Zapp Romania in the November 2009.

Source: TeleGeography

Wednesday, 21 July 2010 13:16:29 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Armenian mobile operator VivaCell-MTS, a subsidiary of Mobile TeleSystems of Russia, has improved its ‘MTS Connect Unlimited’ tariff plan, offering subscribers 5GB of high speed internet downloads per month, instead of the previous 1GB of data, for the same monthly cost of AMD8,800 (USD2.42). In addition, the cellco is providing an MTS Connect modem free of charge for users taking a one-year subscription.

Source: TeleGeography

Wednesday, 21 July 2010 13:14:30 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Zambia’s monopoly fixed line operator Zambia Telecommunications Company (Zamtel) claims to have spent approximately USD34 million on laying fibre-optic cable across the country, AllAfrica reports. The investment figure was revealed by Transport and Communications Deputy Minister Mubika Mubika in Parliament, who in responding to questions about the telco’s future spending plans noted that it remained unclear whether Libya’s LapGreen Networks, which recently acquired a 75% stake in Zamtel, would continue the current fibre rollout project.

As previously reported by CommsUpdate, LapGreen Networks submitted a USD257 million for the majority stake in Zamtel, and it was announced last month that it had beaten out bids from Russian telecoms investment firm Altimo and Unitel of Angola for the majority holding to win the holding. The government meanwhile has retained the remaining 25% stake, although it may sell this at a later stage through an initial public offering on the Lusaka bourse.

Source: TeleGeography

Wednesday, 21 July 2010 13:12:14 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

The total number of registered SIM cards in Brazil climbed to 185.1 million in June this year, up 1.42 million (or 0.8%) from May, according to data published by the national telecoms regulator Anatel. As at 30 June, Vivo Participacoes – the cellco whose ownership is being contested by its equal joint venture partners Telefonica of Spain and Portugal Telecom (PT) – maintained its leading position with a market share of 30.24%, down slightly from 30.25% in May. America Movil’s local unit Telecom Americas (Claro) was second with 25.33% of the market, down from 25.41% in May, and TIM Brasil was in third place with 24.00%, up from 23.84%. Telemar Norte Leste’s Oi unit recorded a share of 20.08%, down from 20.15% the previous month.

In a related but unconfirmed story, Reuters reports that PT could agree to sell its 50% stake in Vivo to Telefonica ‘within days’ after committing to buy into fourth-placed Oi. Spanish financial El Economista cites unnamed financial sources as saying a deal could take place. PT is understood to have signed a pre-agreement with Oi valid until the end of next week to buy a stake once it has sold its part in Brasilcel, the joint venture through which Telefonica and PT control Vivo. Reuters notes that El Economista did not state the size of the Oi stake or give further details of who had agreed to sell it.

Source: TeleGeography

Wednesday, 21 July 2010 13:10:29 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 
The Irish government has confirmed the launch of the Exemplar Network, a high-speed, fibre-optic communications network using patented Irish technology which allows for the high-speed and high-quality transfer of electronic data. The network has been developed to solve the problem of expensive bottlenecks of data as traffic on the internet continues to increase.
Phase I of the Exemplar network is now up and running in its test bed facility in Parkwest, Dublin. The government has already invested EUR 5 million in the network, with plans to provide an additional EUR 5 million investment. Over 30 companies and institutions have signed up to use the Exemplar network to test their products and services and conduct research. These include: BT, Imagine, EMC, Celtix Connect, IBM, Smart Telecom, e|Net, Opennet, ESBTelecom and Firecomms. Four of Ireland's universities UCC Tyndall, NUI Galway, UCD and DCU will use the facility, as will Science Foundation Ireland. Phase II involves the construction of an active test ring around the Dublin metropolitan area and will commence in 2011. The final Phase beginning in 2013 will see the Exemplar as nationwide infrastructure. The Exemplar network is being built by Intune Networks, the Dublin-based developer of high-performance laser technology for the telecoms industry. The new fibre-optic network has been welcomed by WiMAX broadband and phone provider Imagine Communications Group. Imagine managing director Brian O'Donohoe said that WiMax and Exemplar could create a partnership to propel Ireland towards new job creation by inward investments and enable entrepreneurs to set up world-class businesses across Ireland.
Source: TelecomPaper
Wednesday, 21 July 2010 12:58:31 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

The total number of ‘active’ mobile phone users in Hungary rose by 15,000 to 10.84 million last month, according to the National Telecommunications Authority (NHH). Meanwhile, ‘inactive lines (i.e. those from which a call has not been placed or received within three months) dipped by 16,000 to 11.87 million, it said. Of the total for active users, T-Mobile led the way with 44.68% of the market, ahead of Telenor (formerly Pannon) with 32.89% and Vodafone in third with 22.43%. In addition, the NHH noted that 5,349 people switched provider via mobile number portability (MNP) rules in June, taking the total for numbers ported to 337,800 since MNP was introduced on 1 May 2004.

Source: TeleGeography

Wednesday, 21 July 2010 12:54:41 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

UK-based Gateway Communications, which claims to be the largest provider of carrier and business network solutions on the African continent, has further increased its presence in West Africa through the signing of two separate deals in Guinea – an expansion contract with domestic cellco Intercel Guinea (formerly Telecel Guinea) and a new contract with local ISP and Intercel owner Equipements & Techniques Informatiques (ETI). As a result of the latest contract signings Gateway is now working with two major mobile operators and an ISP in Guinea, a country with a mobile penetration of 35.50% as at 31 December 2009, according to TeleGeography’s GlobalComms Database. At that date the country’s leading mobile operator was MTN Guinea (Areeba) with a market share of 36.49% (1.273 million users), Cellcom Guinea with 22.93% (estimated at 800,000), Societe des Telecoms de Guinee with 20.64% (estimated at 720,000), Orange Guinea with 19.60% (684,000) and niche operator Intercel with 0.34% (estimated at 12,000).

Source: TeleGeography

Wednesday, 21 July 2010 12:53:00 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Belgacom a présenté, en présence de l’ambassadeur du Maroc, son service international de transfert d’argent mobile vers le Maroc, en collaboration avec Maroc Telecom. Concrètement, ce nouveau service permet de transférer de l’argent d’un téléphone mobile en Belgique vers un téléphone mobile au Maroc. Le service est ouvert aux titulaires d’un compte PingPing, la plate-forme de paiement mobile de Belgacom. Une fois ce compte chargé, il est possible de transférer de l’argent, que ce soit par gsm ou par internet, aux clients de Maroc Telecom ayant souscrit au service MobiCash. Le destinataire voit son compte de téléphonie mobile crédité immédiatement lors de l’opération et peut retirer cet argent partout au Maroc.

Source: Belgacom

Wednesday, 21 July 2010 12:49:16 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 
 Monday, 19 July 2010
Japanese mobile operators added 526,900 new subscribers in June to reach a total of 113.716 million mobile subscribers, figures from the Telecommunications Carrier Association (TCA) show. Softbank again led in subscriber additions in June as it added 229,500 new customers to bring its total to 22.573 million. NTT Docomo gained 164,600 new subscribers to reach a total of 56.514 million, while Emobile won 71,500 new customers to end June with a total of 2.537 million customers. KDDI ended the month with 32.091 million subscribers after adding 61,300 new customers. PHS provider Willcom lost 60,600 customers, which brings the company's total to 3.882 million. Willcom has filed for bankruptcy and has begun a rehabilitation process.
Source: TelecomPaper
Monday, 19 July 2010 12:33:04 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

The UK government announced yesterday that it is extending the timescale for its universal broadband programme. It had been claimed by the previous government that minimum broadband speeds of 2Mbps would be available country-wide by 2012. However, after further consideration, the new culture secretary Jeremy Hunt told the Financial Times that due to a lack of funding it was unlikely the target of 2Mbps broadband for every home could be met until 2015. The newspaper quoted Hunt: ‘By the end of this parliament, this country should boast the best super-fast broadband in Europe and be up there with the very best in the world,’ he said.

Hunt stated that part of the BBC’s licence fee would be used to fund the project, after the government rejected the last administration’s plans for a GBP0.50 (USD0.77) monthly duty on every fixed line to fund the programme. He also said the state will work to encourage operators to share access to their networks. ‘There is currently nothing to stop telecoms or utility companies reaching commercial agreements to share their infrastructure, but very few agreements currently exist,’ he told the newspaper.

Source: TeleGeography

Monday, 19 July 2010 12:31:35 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Brazilian mobile operator TIM Brasil is looking to increase its 3G coverage to reach 60% of the urban population by the end of 2010, up from the current figure of 35%. Estadao reports TIM Brasil chief marketing officer Rogerio Takayanagi as saying the firm will achieve this goal as a result of increased investments in infrastructure, which will total USD7.5 billion over the next three years.

Source: TeleGeography

Monday, 19 July 2010 12:29:54 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Nigerian operator Globacom has won a licence to operate in Gambia barely four months after it was awarded one in Senegal. Globacom said in a statement that its latest licence approval was presented to the company in Banjul on 12 July by the country's secretary general, Njogou Bah. Globacom also disclosed that the Gambian licence is the sixth the company so far has won in Africa. It now has operating licences in Nigeria, Ghana, Benin, Cote d'Ivoire, Senegal and Gambia. The company started operations in Nigeria in August 2003 and in Benin in June 2008. It has also concluded plans to roll out services in Ghana. Globacom's executive director for human resources, Adewale Sangowawa, said the licence would enable the operator to stimulate world class services in the country. The licence will also allow Globacom to land its Glo 1 trans-Atlantic submarine cable in Gambia, with opportunities to extend the infrastructure to neighbouring countries. It gives the company the right to carry traffic for major operators, the government and wholesale customers in Gambia. Globacom emphasised that with this development, the people of Gambia have now been positioned to be part of the telecommunications revolution which Globacom is bringing to Africa. Sangowawa stressed the new licence adds impetus to the group's desire to provide the West African sub-region with an excellent communication network and cost-effective voice, data, video and e-commerce services.

Source: TelecomPaper

Monday, 19 July 2010 12:12:17 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 
The German mobile market has registered 1.3 percent growth in the first quarter upto March, according to a study by Dataxis Intelligence. This brings the country's mobile base to over 108 million in Q1, up from 107 million in the year-earlier period. The prepaid mobile subscriptions remain dominant, with prepaid subscribers accounting for 56 percent, down 1 percent compared to their level in 2009, of the 60 million market. As a comparison, in France post-paid customers weigh 72 percent of the country's nearly 57 million market, a pattern much more similar to the US, where 80 percent of mobile market is through contract. But Germany's dominant prepaid model may also be found in mobile markets such as UK with 58 percent of subscribers and overwhelmingly in Italy and Portugal that are traditional prepaid markets.
Source: TelecomPaper
Monday, 19 July 2010 12:05:37 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 
 Thursday, 15 July 2010

Spain’s largest broadband provider by subscribers, Movistar, is set to revamp its double- and triple-play fibre-to-the-home (FTTH) service, which it offers under the Movistar Futura banner. In mid-August the telco plans to introduce a new range of packages offering download and upload speeds of 50Mbps and 5Mbps respectively, while also revising the pricing structure of its offerings with a view to increasing uptake. Further, in the third quarter of 2010 Movistar will boost speeds for its bundled services to up to 100Mbps downlink and 10Mbps uplink, while continuing to expand coverage. Alongside improving connection speeds, the operator will also make available a new DVR set-top box and a range of new high definition content to further tempt prospective customers to sign up, with channels including Eurosport HD, Unitel Classic HD and MGM HD among those to launch on the service this summer. The price for the Movistar Futura 50/5Mb package will be EUR54.87 (USD69.29) per month, although the telco will waive the subscription fee and offer a lower EUR43.87 monthly charge for the first six months for those signing up in during a promotional period at launch.

Source: TeleGeography

Thursday, 15 July 2010 09:23:04 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Pakistan’s second largest mobile network operator by subscribers, Telenor Pakistan, said it has completed the deployment of the country’s largest solar-powered network in Universal Service Fund (USF) assisted regions. The operator has revealed that of 50 solar cell sites constructed, 47 are within the USF assisted areas of Mirpur Khas and Bahawalpur, providing telecoms services to approximately 1.63 million people who previously had no access to service at all. The remaining three sites have been deployed in Islamabad and Kyber-Pukhtoonkhwa. The introduction of the eco-friendly technology forms part of Telenor Pakistan’s Green Energy Project, which aims to prevent the emission of on average 2.5 tonnes of carbon dioxide per year. Commenting on the completion of this element of the project, Kalid Shezhad, chief technology officer at Telenor Pakistan, noted: ‘We are delighted to have created the largest solar-powered cell network in the USF-assisted areas of Mirpur Khas and Bahawalpur. With the deployment of solar-powered cell sites our aim is to provide environment-friendly telecommunication services even in the remotest areas of Pakistan. By doing so we are reducing power demands on the national grid and also helping to reduce carbon emissions.’

Source: TeleGeography

Thursday, 15 July 2010 09:21:39 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Mobile operator Etisalat Nigeria has announced it has attracted four million active wireless customers since it launched commercial services in October 2008, local newspaper Daily Champion reports. The company has gradually expanded coverage of its GSM network, which is currently available in all 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. CEO of Etisalat Nigeria, Steven Evans, noted: ‘We are glad to be able to make such a momentous announcement like this after less than two years of commercial operations in Nigeria's highly competitive environment, especially given our position as the fifth entrant into the dynamic Nigerian telecoms market.’ According to TeleGeography’s GlobalComms Database, Etisalat Nigeria is 40%-owned by UAE incumbent Etisalat, with 30% owned by UAE government investment vehicle Mubadala Development Company, and the remainder by Nigerian investors.

Source: TeleGeography

Thursday, 15 July 2010 09:18:44 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

TeleYemen has announced that it has reduced its international calls rates to YER0.015 (USD0.00007) per second for fixed and mobile telephones, a 56% decrease. Company marketing director Hail Mohammed Ibrahim said: ‘We are glad to provide our customers with this high reduction rate on international calls to enable them to communicate with their friends, families and fellows abroad. We consider this campaign to be new evidence of our continuous commitment towards facilitating international calls to the citizens.’ According to TeleGeography’s GlobalComms Database, TeleYemen is the sole international telecoms provider in Yemen.

Source: TeleGeography

Thursday, 15 July 2010 09:17:08 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Ofcom has announced that from next year mobile subscribers will be able to transfer their number to a new operator in just one working day, rather than the two days it takes currently. The new regulation will come into force on 11 April 2011. Ofcom CEO Ed Richards said: ‘Ensuring consumers can switch between communications providers by removing unnecessary barriers is one of Ofcom's priorities for 2010/11. Being able to switch quickly and easily between mobile providers is an important part of healthy and effective competition.’ In 1999 customers had to wait 25 days to switch their number to a new provider.

Source: TeleGeography

Thursday, 15 July 2010 09:15:51 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Vodafone Qatar has announced the launch of mobile broadband services and a Wi-Fi hotspot device dubbed ‘Vodafone MiFi’, local daily The Gulf Times reports. Post-paid customers can access 2GB of data, valid for 30 days, at a price of QAR100 (USD27.4), while 500MB of data is available for pre-paid subscribers at the same price, valid for 60 days. ‘We are delighted to be launching another great Vodafone service. As with all Vodafone’s services, mobile broadband offers customers simple and easy to understand price plans that are of good value,’ noted Vodafone Qatar’s CEO, Grahame Maher, adding: ‘The 900MHz network we have created is one of the most advanced in the region and is future-ready. The bandwidth on offer comes with 100% coverage of Qatar.’ The company has unveiled a plug-and-play USB dongle, which is available to buy for QAR299, while Vodafone MiFi is available for QAR599 and enables up to five users to connect their laptop and any other Wi-Fi enabled devices simultaneously. According to TeleGeography’s GlobalComms Database, Vodafone launched commercial 2G and 3G services at the beginning of July 2009, by which time it already had 15,000 network users. At 31 March 2010 the cellco’s subscriber base had risen to over 464,000, representing a market share of 18%.

Source: TeleGeography

Thursday, 15 July 2010 09:14:02 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 
The Vietnamese ministry of information and communications will allow operators to lower their fees by no more than 15 percent, the VietNamNet Bridge reports. Three operators – Viettel, MobiFone, and VinaPhone – sought permission to lower their fees by up to 20 percent. The ministry supports the plan to cut charges but limits the reduction to 15 percent and operators can apply the price cut only once this year. The communications ministry and finance ministry will issue a directive on provider costs later this year.
Source: TelecomPaper

Thursday, 15 July 2010 09:12:08 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

75,000 residential customers in Wellington, Kapiti and Christchurch have been migrated to upgraded network systems, TestraClear has announced. The upgrade to DOCSIS3 means that the new network systems are capable of providing download speeds of 100Mbps. TelstraClear CEO Allan Freeth confirmed that the NZD10 million upgrade to its hybrid fibre-coax (HFC) networks is part of the government’s ten-year investment plan. Mr Freeth commented: ‘The upgrade has dramatically increased the overall capacity of our HFC network. It establishes our extraordinary infrastructure capability into the future and places us ready and willing to meet the requirements of a country that has plans for a national, fibre-to-the-home network.’

Source: TeleGeography

Thursday, 15 July 2010 09:09:50 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

The Communication Commission of Kenya (CCK) has announced that mobile phone subscribers will be required to register their details with operators by the end of July or risk having their Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) cards deactivated. Subscribers will now be obliged to give their full names, physical and postal addresses, dates of birth, and alternative means of contact when they purchase a new SIM card. Adults will have to show their identification cards, whilst minors will have to be accompanied by a guardian. The mandatory SIM card registration scheme is expected to record the personal details of some 20 million subscribers by 30 July. CCK Director General Charles Njoroge commented: ‘The process started last year and we have been working together as an industry. So far, between 50% and 60% of the subscribers have been registered’.

Safaricom and Zain have already registered a significant proportion of their customer base, courtesy of their money transfer services, M-Pesa and Zap, which require customers to register before they can access the services. Telkom Kenya said it had details of its data clients, whilst Essar Telecom said that it has the mechanisms in place to gather the needed information. However, the cellcos have all asked for additional time to complete the process. Zain Kenya Chief Executive Rene Meza stressed: ‘The process is complex and will require consumer education before all the subscribers buy the idea, so we might need a little more time’.

Source: TeleGeography

Thursday, 15 July 2010 09:05:53 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Telecom Italia has reduced the price of fixed-to-mobile calls, it has been announced. Residential fixed line subscribers can now make calls to mobile numbers for 27% less, whilst business subscribers will see prices fall by 11.4% per minute.

Calls to Telecom Italia Mobile (TIM) mobile numbers at peak time will drop from EUR0.1336 (USD0.10658) to EUR0.1140 per minute. Users will be charged EUR0.1182 per minute for calls to Vodafone numbers at peak time, a reduction from the previous price of EUR0.1386 per minute. Calls to Wind customers will be charged at EUR0.12 per minute, down from EUR0.1561 per minute, while prices for calls to H3G mobile numbers will drop from EUR0.1852 during peak time to EUR0.1344 (VAT included) per minute.

Off-peak call prices remain unchanged at EUR0.0776 per minute to TIM numbers, EUR0.0792 per minute to Vodafone, EUR0.0908 per minute to Wind and EUR0.1084 per minute to H3G. The call set-up fee is EUR0.0787. Telecom Italia fixed line business customers will be charged EUR 0.090 per minute for calls to mobile numbers on the Wind network and EUR 0.1080 for calls to H3G mobile numbers, down from EUR 0.0970 and EUR 0.1219 per minute, respectively. The call set-up fee is EUR0.0656.

Source: TeleGeography

Thursday, 15 July 2010 09:03:39 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

­The already extended deadline to register SIM cards in Tanzania has been against extended for a further two weeks following representations from the mobile networks that they are still seeing customers coming into their stores to register their accounts.

Science, Technology and Communication minister Prof Peter Msolla announced the government's decision in Parliament last week just as the 30th June deadline was set to expire.

The Tanzania Communications Regulatory Authority (TCRA) had originally set a deadline of the end of last year, then extended it again to the end of June. After the new deadline, of the 15th July, any unregistered SIM card will be locked for up to 90 days unless it is registered. A locked SIM card can not be used to make or receive calls or use sms, but if it is registered within 90 days, it will be unlocked, and can then be used. Any locked SIM card not registered by 30th September 2010 will be permanently deleted.

Source: Cellullar News

Thursday, 15 July 2010 09:02:06 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

New consumer research published by YouGov and Acision again reinforces the Quality of Service (QoS) challenges operators are facing with their mobile broadband services today. ­The research, which questioned UK consumers about their mobile broadband experience found that, despite the rising popularity of mobile broadband, 84% had experienced Quality of Service issues. Slow speeds are amongst the most encountered problem (67%), poor network coverage (49%), inability to get connected (45%) and connection loss (40%).

Steven van Zanen, senior vice president marketing, mobile broadband, at Acision, said: "When reviewing the research, we identified three key areas where operators can deploy capabilities to raise QoS levels. The first one is defining fairness. When asked about the contentious issue of fair usage policies, 56% of research respondents were not aware if their operator had a fair usage policy in place and 71% were unaware that in many networks, 5% of users generate over 80 per cent of broadband traffic, causing slow download speeds and connection problems for all users. However, once aware of the issues surrounding the fair distribution of bandwidth, consumers responded positively to the option of allowing sophisticated fairness policies if this helped to improve the overall service."

Click here to see full article
Source:Cellular News
Thursday, 15 July 2010 08:58:03 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Syria’s state-owned fixed line monopoly Syrian Telecommunications Establishment (STE) is looking to expand its ADSL network through the installation of around 40,000 new broadband ports. STE director Tarek Badour says the firm has signed a contract with China’s Huawei Technologies, ahead of its implementation during the fourth quarter of 2010. The contract includes the expansion of ports at 82 existing sites, as well as the supply of 33,000 ADSL ports at 106 sites, he said. Around 150,000 broadband ports are expected to be installed by the end of this year, of which 70,000 have already been commissioned. STE says it is looking to migrate some of the four million or so Syrians currently using a dial-up connection onto ADSL broadband by the end of this year.

Source: TeleGeography

Thursday, 15 July 2010 08:53:43 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

UAE-based telecoms operator Du has announced it will launch its ‘Real Broadband’ service in August, offering subscribers across its current fixed line services footprint download speeds up to 16 times faster at current customer spend levels. The new offering will be available for enterprise customers from 1 August, while residential users can sign up to Real Broadband from 15 August. ‘We have today announced a broadband proposition that will not only provide an edge to our customers and our business partners, but has also set a regional benchmark in terms of broadband prices and value provided,’ commented Farid Faraidooni, CCO at Du, adding: ‘Du’s Real Broadband services will offer better value than similar broadband services offered in the Middle East region. It will be even more competitive than similar services provided in some developed markets such as Ireland and Canada.’

Alongside the launch of Real Broadband, Du has introduced new double- and triple-play packages. ‘Surf & Talk’ bundles landline telephony with the new high speed internet service; customers can choose between 8Mbps broadband for AED199 (USD52.2) per month, 16Mbps at AED259 or 24Mbps for AED349 a month. Meanwhile, ‘Surf, Talk and Watch’ includes fixed telephony, Real Broadband and its Du TV plus service, available at AED249 per month for maximum download speeds of 8Mbps, AED309 for 16Mbps and AED399 per month for 24Mbps broadband.

Source: TeleGeography

Thursday, 15 July 2010 08:50:34 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

True Corp has launched Thailand’s fastest residential broadband internet service, over VDSL2 lines in 220 condominiums in Bangkok. The Bangkok Post reports that True’s internet division True Online aims to expand coverage of the 50Mbps/3Mbps (down/uplink) package to ‘1,000 areas’ in and around the capital in a second phase, and to other major provinces ‘in the near future.’ True charges THB5,600 (USD173.50) per month for the premium VDSL service which includes unlimited usage of the telco’s public Wi-Fi access points. The company says it is targeting mobile smartphone users with the Wi-Fi service. A 30Mbps VDSL package costs THB3,600 a month. True also plans to launch a 100Mbps fixed broadband service, and a spokesperson said, ‘We are looking into bringing 200Mbps service to Thailand as well.’ Vichaow Rakphongphairoj, True's managing director and chief operating officer, said the company plans to spend THB500 million to expand its broadband network to nine additional provinces by the year-end, extending its footprint to 20 provinces. True had around 720,000 fixed high speed customers as of end-March, 90% using 4Mbps (downstream) services (mostly DSL-based) with the remainder using higher speed services up to a maximum downlink of 16Mbps. It is aiming to finish the year with 900,000 subscribers in total.

Source: TeleGeography

Thursday, 15 July 2010 08:29:16 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Following years of delay, Kenyan mobile phone users will be able to switch networks without changing their numbers by the end of the year, following the award of a licence to manage the service. Mobile number portability (MNP) has long been a contentious issue in Kenya, and it was not until March 2010 that Porting Access of the Netherlands was awarded a contract to supply, install, commission, and manage MNP services. At the licence handing over ceremony this week, the Communications Commission of Kenya (CCK) director-general Charles Njoroge commented: ‘This award is expected to bolster the level of competition in the mobile telecommunications market to the benefit of consumers’.

According to TeleGeography’s GlobalComms Database, in November 2004 the CCK announced that MNP would be introduced on 1 July 2005. The deadline was later pushed back, and in 2007 MNP was postponed indefinitely after operators complained about the high costs involved in setting up the system. In April 2010 the CCK announced that the country’s four cellcos - Safaricom, Zain, Orange and Essar - would be required to start offering MNP from July this year, a date which has since been put back a further six months. Those wishing to switch operators while retaining their numbers will pay a one-off fee of KES199.80.

Source: TeleGeography

Thursday, 15 July 2010 08:20:37 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     | 

Ghana yesterday implemented its controversial mobile SIM registration scheme. Under the National Communications Authority (NCA’s) new policy, no one can buy a SIM card without first providing personal details backed by an official national identity document. According to the industry watchdog, the SIM card registration will help curb crime and also help to control an unwanted rise in unsolicited text messages.

Source: TeleGeography

Thursday, 15 July 2010 08:13:48 (W. Europe Standard Time, UTC+01:00)  #     |