In its latest quarterly report, to the end of September 2011, Netherlands regulator Independent Post & Telecommunications Authority (OPTA) says that the number of mobile connections which include mobile broadband-speed internet access (with or without voice services and with any end-user device) reached 7.2 million at the close of the third quarter, up from 5.6 million at the start of the year. According to the watchdog, dedicated (data-only) subscriptions to mobile broadband services stood at a little over one million at end-September, up by around 300,000 in nine months. Other statistics reported by OPTA included the percentage of mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) connections amongst the total retail end-user mobile accounts – 13.7% at 30 September 2011, down from 14.3% at the beginning of the year. The number of MVNO customer accounts reported by OPTA has varied very little over the last year and indeed has come down since end-2008 – from 3.1 million to 2.9 million. OPTA also recorded that aside from end-user connections, there were 924,000 machine-to-machine cellular network connections at end-September 2011, up from 736,000 at 1 January.