According to data published by the Brazilian telecoms regulator Agencia Nacional de Telecomunicacoes (Anatel), the country was home to nearly 266 million ‘active’ mobile connections at 31 May 2013, a net increase of 974,290 new lines from the previous month and a significant increase on the 500,000 or so new lines connected in April. According to the watchdog the cellular penetration rate in the country topped 134.4% by end-May, up from 133.8% in April. Of the total, some 211.5 million connections (79.65%) were pre-paid and the remainder on post-paid contracts, while Anatel also reported a shift in the mix of 2G and 3G users – with the trend moving towards the latter. By 31 May the number of GSM handsets stood at 183.7 million, a roughly 69% share, while 3G W-CDMA users had increased to 66.9 million, or 25.2% of the market. In the same period machine-to-machine (M2M) connections had increased to 7.54 million (or 2.84% of the market), data terminals (3G modems) accounted for 2.66% of the market (7.1 million) and CDMA-based phones had slipped to just 81,722 – just 0.03% of the overall market. Finally, Anatel reported that the number of 4G Long Term Evolution (LTE) accesses doubled to 105,250, compared to 48,459 at end-April, to account for 0.04% of the Brazilian mobile market.