Brazil ended 2008 with 10 million broadband subscribers, an increase of two million on the previous year, according to a study published by the Brazilian Telecommunications Association (Telebrasil). Broadband penetration reached 5.3 percent, up from 0.2 percent in 2001. The number of internet users surpassed the number of subscribers to pay-TV services (cable and MMDS), which amounted to six million. At the end of last year, more than 190 million users subscribed to telecommunications services, of which 41.3 million to fixed telephony and 150.6 million to mobile telephony. Gross revenue of the sector (fixed, mobile telephony, internet, pay-TV) was BRL 177.7 billion, a 12.9 percent increase on the BRL 157.3 billion produced in 2007.