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Publications and Studies on Economic and Financial issues  
  • Coming soon: ITU Study on Taxing telecommunications/ICT services: an overview
    General and special taxes on telecommunication/ICT services are not the only direct or indirect interaction between the finance ministry and telecommunications/ICT operators.  In addition, customs taxes on telecommunication equipment or devices have an impact.  This paper contains a general, introductory discussion of the effects of imposing special taxes on telecommunications/ICT equipment and services in addition to the general run of taxes, such as VAT, which apply to most or all goods and services. Edition 2012.

  • Strategies for the deployment of NGN and NGA in a broadband environment – regulatory and economic aspects
    This report identifies the key issues in NGN and NGA migration as well as the benefits from the change. This indicates that moving to a broadband based economy has wider benefits – far beyond the telecoms industry. The movement to NGN in emerging economies has
    to face other problems, not seen in the developed economies that have generally been the ones to implement broadband. It provides a number of proposals that can assist with the development of strategies for NGN deployment. Although any such deployment has some risks, these can be countered with the question of: what are the risks to the economy and national competitiveness if there is no NGN investment and peer countries do make the transition.

  • Regulating broadband prices
    This publication is part of the ITU Broadband Series. The affordability and accessibility of broadband services are largely determined by the prices that are charged for those services. The regulation of prices could thus be a very tempting prospect for policymakers and regulators who want to increase the adoption and use of broadband services at the earliest time. However, price intervention in broadband markets could be a risky proposition and potentially damaging to the long-term development of those markets. Edition 2012.

  • The impact of broadband on the economy
    This publication is part of the ITU Broadband Series. The diffusion of broadband, defined as the technology that enables high-speed transfer of data, is inextricably linked to the emergence of the Internet.  With the amounts of capital being invested in the technology, it is natural that policy makers and researchers in the social sciences have begun to analyze the economic and social impact of broadband. In fact, social scientists and policy makers had been researching the economic contribution of information and communication technologies for quite a while. Edition 2012.

  • Guidelines for the Application of Statistical Models to Telecommunication Market Regulation
    These guidelines discuss the application of statistical tools in specific situations related to telecommunication market regulation.  The science of statistics is today an effective means of accurately describing the values of economic, political and social data.  thus, an expert in the use of statistical tools is able to interpret results fro the benefit of the company, the government and society and thereby facilitate decision-making, and to infer the future behavior of events similar to those analyzed. Edition 2011.

  • Mobile Termination Rates:  To Regulate or not To Regulate
    Over past few years mobile termination charges — the charges that mobile operators levy on each other and on fixed network operators for terminating calls on their networks — have become a concern in many countries throughout the world.  The main aim of this paper is to analyze the development of MTR regulation in the different regions of the world and to evaluate the necessity and the scope of such regulation.  Edition 2010.
  • Developments of Next Generation Networks (NGN): Country Case Studies
    The move to Next Generation Networks (NGN) has been discussed in the ICT community for some time. Not only discussed. Developments in the market reflect the move, where a number of market players around the world are already operating NGN core networks, increasing numbers of market players are deploying NGN access, and others have made significant commitments to roll out fibre access networks (FTTx) or have migration plans for moving to all-IP networks.  The aim of this document is to present the current situation of NGN development in different regions of the world and to examine what effect the transition towards NGNs is having on regulation. Edition 2010.


  • International Mobile Roaming Regulation – An incentive for cooperation
    This paper addresses a variety of issues raised by international mobile roaming charges: how do they differ from charges for non-roaming international mobile calls (i.e. when a mobile subscriber calls an international number from its home country); what is the structure of their costs; is there a need for regulatory intervention and, if so, how could they be regulated; and finally, is cooperation and coordination on international mobile roaming regulation beneficial?
  • Regulatory Accounting Guide
    This guide focuses on the implementation of cost accounting models and the development of regulatory policies, based on best practices, to help National Regulatory Authorities (NRAs) implement a regulatory accounting model. It also provides a methodology to identify markets, Significant Market Power (SMP) operators and the different typologies of anticompetitive behavior.
  • Trends in Economics and Finance: The Use of Economic Modeling in Telecommunications
    In the telecommunication industry, economic modeling techniques such as regression analysis, simulations and linear programming are powerful tools that can aid decision making for governments, regulatory authorities and telecommunication operators.   The aim of this report on Trends in Economics and finance is to describe the various economic modeling techniques and how they can be used to solve practical problems facing the telecommunication industry. Edition 2006.
  • Efficient Operator:  Methodologies, modeling and application for tariff regulation
    Regulation is not the ideal way to encourage market competition. It is always preferable to encourage market competition. However, there are “market failures” when the market is not perfectly efficient in allocating resources, leading to suboptimal distribution among the population.   Therefore, the aim of any market regulation should be to replicate what happens in a market under conditions of perfect competition.  This study sets forth and analyses the methodologies for fixing tariffs used in the modeling of an efficient operator, focusing on the advantages and disadvantages and looking at the results of a number of recent applications in Chile, Venezuela and Colombia.

  • Investing in telecommunications and ICTs in Developing Markets: Shifting the Paradigm
    The purpose of this report is to contribute to the discussion on how to enhance the proliferation of telecommunications and ICTs, particularly in developing countries, in a way that promotes the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. The major focus of this report is to provide insight into how to stimulate direct investment in telecommunications and ICTs in developing countries.
    Edition 2004.
  • Broadband Telecommunications in Latin America
    Technologies and broadband services today acquire a key role in regional development, modernization of all economic activities and social and evolution towards the information society and digital economy. This report was compiled and analyze the status of programs, actions, recommendations and solutions for access technologies and broadband services. This is available only in Spanish.
  • Study on the application of cost models in Latin American and Caribbean countries
    This study is a complete assessment of the situation in each Latin American and Caribbean countries with regards with the application of cost modeling for the calculation of cost of the different telecommunications/ICT services.  It also describes the importance of modeling and the different costing methodologies applied by the LAC administrations.


  • Reports on Market Liberalization for CEE countries and Baltic States
    This report is on the theoretical and practical aspects of significant market power in telecommunications. Telecommunications markets throughout the world economy are characterized by a high level of economic and technological dynamics. The latter can be partly attributed to digitization, which has led to a convergence of previously existing markets, such as cable TV, fixed-line telecommunications and broadcasting. Modern digital technologies have created larger markets in which data, voice, video and audio are transmitted in the form of compressed digital signals.

  • Study on IP-based networks: Pricing of telecommunication services
    This study is concerned with pricing and different categories of quality of service over IP networks, with a view to the provision of real-time IP services. In providing information about this topic the report also analyses several academic studies (supplied by the ITU) in terms of their contribution to the topic, and explains the business case for international bypass offered by IP networks.
  • Results from the regional assessment of the telecommunication market in Latin America and the Caribbean
    This study had been implemented in the framework of the Agenda for Connectivity in the Americas.  This document undertakes the issue of the ICT's development in countries of LA&C, with reference to their level of economic activities such as capital flows, unemployment, income distribution and poverty, and on the economic side, their investments in the telecommunications sector and infrastructure of communications, on the other hand.  The work also analyzes recent progress on ICTs’ regional development, the situation in rural areas and the infrastructure for the main telecom services in the region. The relationship between ICTs and education, economy and technology are also part of the analysis.
  • Economic Study for Financing Telecommunication Development
    The ITU is committed to assist its Member States, especially Less Developed Countries (LDC), in creating an atmosphere for investment; and to facilitating the marriage between potential investors and recipients. In particular, the ITU/BDT is tasked with analyzing and fostering these relationships, and this paper is intended to serve both Member States and investors in creating the means for telecommunication development.
    Edition 2003.




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Updated : 2013-03-28