After Japan's Internal Affairs and Communications Ministry signed a joint statement with the German Federal Economics and Technology Ministry in
July, Japan continues to exert concerted effort to tackle the issue of spam. "The ministry has regularly exchanged opinions on the issue at multilateral meetings, such as those of the International Telecommunication Union and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Conference... France and other countries, with which Japan has established a close partnership on the issue, have gone a step ahead of Japan by introducing an "opt-in" system, under which people are not permitted to send ad e-mails without the prior consent of the people to whom they intend to send them." Opinions concerning fines and punishment for spammers appear to be quite divided among countries though with some countries charging heavier fines than others.
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