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 Monday, 09 March 2009

The rapporteur is seeking the comments from the e-discussion participants on the following revised draft question 10-2/2 for 2010-2014 study period to be discussed during the forthcoming rapporteur's group meeting. The draft will be submitted to the SG2 September 09 meeting for its review and then submitted to the WTDC-09 for apporval. Please send your comments to my e-mail address at, or by following "How to make comments" which is found in Navigation links to the right of this blog page.





Question 10-2/2 : Telecommunication for rural and remote areas


Rapporteur for Q10-2/2


Draft revised Question Q10-2/2 for 2010-2014

Action required: The Rapporteur's Group is requested to review for modification, if any, this draft revised question for the next study period.

Abstract: Draft revised question Q10-2/2 is submitted to the Rapporteur's group for its consideration and necessary modification for approval by SG2 in September 2009 for submission to WTDC-10.


Question 10-2/2: Telecommunications for rural and remote areas


1       Statement of the situation

In order to meet the objectives set by Geneva plan of action including those in Millennium development goals for improving connectivity and access in the use of ICT to be achieved by 2015 for all on this planet, the challenge of infrastructure development in the rural and remote areas of developing countries, where more than half of the world population are dwelling, is an essential foundation for providing valuable ICT applications outlined in C7 of Tunis agenda for quality of life of residents in the marginalized, harsh climate and difficult geographical terrain. 

Rapid migration of population to urban areas of developing and least developed countries may cause the adverse effect to the poverty alleviation unless measures are taken to improve the environment of the life of rural and remote areas possibly by deploying ICT technologies.

“Connect villages with ICT and establish community access points” should be promoted more intensively by emerging broadband technologies for various e-application services to vitalize the social and economic activities of rural and remote areas. Multipurpose community telecenters (MCT), public call office (PCO), community access centers (CAC), e-posts are still valid for cost effectiveness for sharing infrastructure and facilities by the community residents leading to the goal of provision of individual telecommunication access. 

Decisions that may drive first the examination and then the choice of particular techniques and solutions for the provision of multimedia services may be influenced by, inter alia, the following:

a)           Increasing availability of technologies that provide broadband connectivity  at progressively lower costs, lower energy consumption and lower emission of carbon oxide gas.

b)          Experience gained since the previous study cycles in many parts of the world in developing, implementing and refining major rural telecommunications programmes, as more countries respond to particular situations and in-country demand using "best practices" as outlined in the work of ITU‑D.

c)           The influence of cultural, social and other factors in producing differing and often creative responses to meeting the demand for multimedia services from residents of rural and remote areas of developing and least developed countries.

d)          Progress being steadily made on human resource development/management issues which are fundamental to establishing sustainable telecommunication infrastructure.


2       Question for study

There are a variety of issues that members will be interested in addressing within the four years of the Question. It is proposed that the key issue for study is the range and scope of techniques and solutions that are expected to play a significant role in the provision of e-application services for rural and remote areas. It is further proposed that the study should progress in stages to cover a four-year cycle in the following manner:

            Step 1 – Identification of the full range of potential techniques and solutions that can significantly impact on the provision of e-application services in rural and remote areas, with emphasis on those that employ the latest technology designed to lower infrastructure capital and operating costs taking into ample consideration for protection of global warming.

            Step 2 – Investigate and report on how the techniques identified above can be used to best deliver the range of services and applications required by rural and remote communities and adapted to the needs of users.

            Step 3 – Make an assessment of the likely commercial viability or sustainability of the techniques and solutions identified in the above steps.

            Step 4 – Report on a range of case studies that clearly demonstrate how a range of techniques, based on new technology aimed at providing reduced capital and operating cost solutions and enhancing community participation, can maximize the benefits of broadband ICT infrastructure in rural and remote areas.

In dealing with the above studies, the work under way in response to other Questions being dealt with in ITU‑D, and close coordination with relevant activities of the Questions, in particular Questions 18-1/2, 20-2/2 and also Questions 7-2/2 and 18-1/1 (Study Group 1), are highly relevant. In the same way, the studies shall take into account cases related to indigenous communities, isolated and poorly served areas and small islands, and highlight their particular needs and other particular situations which need to be considered in developing communications for these areas.

3       Expected output

The output will be a report on the results of the work conducted for each step above, together with one or more recommendations at appropriate times, either during the course of or at the conclusion of the cycle.

4       Timing

Output will be generated on a yearly basis. The output from the first year will be analysed and assessed in order to update the work plan for the next year, and so on.

5       Proposers

The Question was originally approved by WTDC‑94, revised by WTDC‑98, WTDC‑02, WTDC‑06 and WTDC-10

6          Sources of input

Contributions are required from Member States and Sector Members, as well as inputs from relevant BDT programmes, particularly those that have successfully implemented telecommunication programmes in rural and remote areas. These contributions will enable those responsible for work on the Question to develop the most appropriate conclusions, recommendations and output. The intensive use of correspondence and on line exchange of information and experiences is encouraged for additional sources of input.

7       Target audience


Target audience

Developed countries

Developing countries

Least developed countries (LDCs)

Telecom policy‑makers




Telecom regulators




Service providers/operators








a)          Target audience

Depending on the nature of the output, upper- to middle-level managers among operators and regulators in developing and least developed countries are the predominant users of the output.

b)          Proposed methods for the implementation of the results

To be decided during the study period.

8       Proposed methods of handling the Question

Within Study Group 2.

9       Coordination

The ITU‑D study group dealing with this Question will need to coordinate with:

            Relevant focal points in BDT.

            Coordinators of relevant project and programme activities in BDT.

            Regional and scientific organizations with mandates covering the subject matter of the Question.


10     Other relevant information

As may become apparent within the life of this Question.




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